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CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2017

Which Grievances Make People Support Violence against the State? Survey Evidence from the Niger Delta

Previous research has established a link between oil production and armed conflict in low- and middle-income countries. Oil-related grievances are viewed as a key variable driving resentment and antistate attitudes....
Carlo Koos (2017)
in International Interactions vol. 44 no. 3 pp. 437-462
Book Chapter | 2017

The Impact of elections: The case of Uganda

The comparative democratization literature is divided on the effects of multiparty elections in non - democratic regimes. Early analyses assumed that elections would lead to democracy, yet more recent studies...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner (2017)
in Johannes Gerschewski, Christoph H. Stefes: Crisis in Autocratic Regimes. Lynne Rienner Publishers pp. 111-134
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Palestine

The Occupied Palestinian Territories is one of the world’s most aid-dependent countries. Despite overall levels of aid falling since 2009, the Territories remain one of the world’s largest per capita...
Are John Knudsen, Alaa Tartir (2017)
Country Evaluation Brief, Palestine
Journal Article | 2017

Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania

Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P...
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange (2017)
in Social Science & Medicine vol. 179 pp. 61-73
Journal Article | 2017

Power calculations and political decentralisation in African post-conflict states

Although many African governments introduced provisions for subnational elections in the early 1990s, there is variation in the extent to which these reforms were implemented and sustained. Our inductive analysis...
Lovise Aalen, Ragnhild Muriaas (2017)
in International Political Science Review
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Understanding the Lay of the Land: An Institutional Analysis of Petro-Governance in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum reserves, boosting its reserve natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. What is the likelihood that the country’s petroleum resources will translate into...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:12) 20 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

Cross-border trade in the war areas of the Sudans: Smuggling or a form of cooperation?

After the war broke out again in the border areas between the Sudans, a trading pattern known earlier as the “peace markets” reemerged. In contrast to previous attempts to use...
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Omer Mohammad Elhassab, Dr. Espen Villanger (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:8) 20 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: A comparative mapping

Frustration with the capacity of the ordinary machinery of justice to deal adequately with corruption has prompted many countries to develop specialised anti-corruption institutions. While anti-corruption agencies with investigative and/or...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Matthew C. Stephenson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:7) 28 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Urban poverty and inequality in Luanda, Angola

This brief shows that the poor in Angola’s capital Luanda are effectively trapped in poverty through material deficiencies, limited income opportunities and with crime and prostitution sometimes being the only...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

The Future of Mechanized Schemes and Agricultural Investment in the South Kordofan State / Nuba Mountains

Abstract This paper tackles the issue of the future of mechanized schemes and investment in the agricultural sector in the South Kordofan State/Nuba Mountains. The main objective of this study is...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya and Banaga Ahmed Mohammed (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:5)
CMI Brief | 2016

The Gatekeepers: Political Participation of Women in Malawi

All over the world, there are gatekeepers with the power to facilitate – or restrict – peoples’ access. We have studied the role of the chairpersons and secretaries of the...
Happy Mickson Kayuni, Kondwani Farai Chikadza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 12) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petroleum fund in Tanzania? Other alternatives may be better

The Government of Tanzania is looking for the best policies and institutional designs to turn future petroleum revenues into welfare, development and jobs. This Brief argues that the Tanzanian society...
Ragnar Torvik (2016)
Bergen & Dar es Salaam : Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 10) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Female Empowerment and the Education of Children in Nepal

There is sufficient evidence to say that female empowerment affects economic and social outcomes, in particular for girls. There is, however, no unified approach to the measurement of female empowerment....
Magnus Hatlebakk and Yogendra B. Gurung (2016)
in Journal of Developing Areas vol. 50 no. 2 pp. 1-19
Journal Article | 2016

Trial of the Status Quo: The Politics of Mediated Justice in the Special Tribunal for Lebanon

 The Lebanese media landscape is widely acknowledged to be a battleground for privatized outlets aligned with political elites. Each outlet vies for hegemony in a crowded and competitive marketplace of...
Sari Hanafi, Are John Knudsen, Robert Flahive (2016)
in Arab Studies Journal, 24(1): 68-88
CMI Brief | 2016

Enforcement of water rights

In 2010, a UN Resolution explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation (HRtWS). But has this international recognition improved the ability of poor and marginalized people to secure...
Lara Côrtes, Camila Gianella, Bruce Wilson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 9) 4 p.