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Book Chapter | 2007

The Evolution of International Norms and Standards of Electoral Process

Elections have played a major role in the democratic transitions witnessed in many parts of the world in the past two decades, and increasingly, free and fair elections have become...
Dorothy Mpabanga and Lise Rakner (2007)
in Jonathan Mayuyuka Kaunda (Ed.): Proceedings of the 2006 FOPRISA Annual Conference. Gaborone: Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis no. 5-19
CMI Working Paper | 2007

Democratization of a Dependent State: The Case of Afghanistan

The post-Taliban democratic reforms in Afghanistan were in part a recreation of the past. Afghanistan has had six constitutions between 1923 and 1990, and most provided for national assemblies and...
Astri Suhrke (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2007: 10) 15 p.
Journal Article | 2007

The Evolution of Social Norms: With Managerial Implications

Evolutionary game theory provides the tools to analyze which strategies, or patterns of behaviour, emerge over time through a process of adaptation. Social norms can be defined as patterns of...
Ivar Kolstad (2007)
in Journal of Socio-Economics vol. 36 no. 1 February pp. 58-72
Report in External Series | 2006

To Pay or not to Pay? Citizens' Views on Taxation by Local Authorities in Tanzania

Widespread tax evasion reflected in persistent public resistance to pay is seen as part of the problem of raising local government revenues in Tanzania. Dealing with the policy problem of...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2006)
Dar es Salaam: Mkuni Na Nyota Publishers (REPOA Special Paper no. 18) 36 p.
CMI Report | 2006

Bridging Research and Development Assistance. A Review of Danish Research Networks

Danida has provided financial support to research networks with a view to creating better synergies between research and policy/operations. Six networks were reviewed in the fields of health; poultry; agriculture;...
Arne Tostensen (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 7) 28 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2006

Of Oranges and Bananas: The 2005 Kenya Referendum on the Constitution

On 21 November 2005, a referendum on a proposed new constitution was held in Kenya, which was conducted in a peaceful and orderly manner. The poll represented the will of...
Bård Anders Andreassen and Arne Tostensen (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2006: 13) 8 p.
CMI Report | 2006

Uganda's 2006 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

This report analyses the 2006 Ugandan presidential and parliamentary election in terms of the broader process starting with the processes of setting the rule for political contestation, through the registration...
Siri Gloppen, C. Atoo, E. Kasimbazi, A. Kibandama, J. Kiiza, S. Makara, G. Okiror, L. Rakner, S. Rwengabo, L. Svåsand, R. Tabaro, A. Tostensen (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 10) 29 p.
Journal Article | 2006

A Liberal Egalitarian Paradox

A liberal egalitarian theory of justice seeks to combine the values of equality, personal freedom, and personal responsibility. It is considered a much more promising position than strict egalitarianism, because...
Bertil Tungodden and Alexander Cappelen (2006)
in Economics and Philosophy vol. 22 no. 3 pp. 393-408
Journal Article | 2006

Relocating the Responsibility Cut: Should more Responsibility Imply Less Redistribution

Liberal egalitarian theories of justice argue that inequalities arising from non-responsibility factors should be eliminated, but that inequalities arising from responsibility factors should be accepted. This article discusses how the...
Bertil Tungodden and Alexander Cappelen (2006)
in Politics, Philosophy and Economics vol. 5 no. 3 pp. 353-362
CMI Report | 2006

The Institutional Context of the 2004 General Elections in Malawi

This report summarises the findings of a joint research project undertaken by the Centre for Social Research, Chr. Michelsen Institute and the Universities of Malawi and Bergen. Ensuring that elected...
Siri Gloppen, Edge Kanyongolo, Nixon Khembo, Nandini Patel, Lise Rakner, Lars Svåsand, Arne Tostensen and Mette Bakken (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 21) 38 p.
CMI Brief | 2006

The New Asylum Dilemma: Refugee, War Criminal or Terrorist?

After 9/11 and following terrorist attacks a new problem has presented itself with great force: How can Western states - like Norway - guarantee fair procedures and humane treatment of...
Elin Skaar, Terje Einarsen and Vigdis Vevstad (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 5 no. 1)
Report in External Series | 2005

Evaluation of the Released Prisoners' Project in Rwanda

This is an evaluation of the Released Prisoners' Project (RPP) in Rwanda, a project that was financed and facilitated by the Norwegian Church Aid (NCA). The project aimed to help persons...
Ingrid Samset and Anne N. Kubai (2005)
Oslo: Norwegian Church Aid 93 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2005

Maybe free but not fair: Electoral administration in Malawi 1994-2004

Entering the third decade of multiparty democracy on the African continent, incumbents appear able to secure electoral mandates without opening for extensive political liberties. The paper argues that the administration...
Lise Rakner, Lars Svåsand (2005)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2005: 5) 18 p.
Report in External Series | 2005

The Pluralism of Fairness Ideals: An Experimental Approach

Alexander W. Cappelen, Astri D. Hole, Erik Ø. Sørensen and Bertil Tungodden (2005)
Bergen: Department of Economics. Norwegian School of Economics & Business Administration (Discussion Paper 12/05) 27 p.
Book Chapter | 2005

Entitlement, Affordability or a Matter of Trust? Reflections on the Non-payment of Service Charges in Local Authorities

In this chapter Fjeldstad reflects on the non-payment of service charges in local authorities in South Africa. The main question he explores is how trust affects citizens' compliance behaviour. A...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2005)
in Steinar Askvik and Nelleke Bak, eds.: Trust in Public Institutions in South Africa. Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate pp. 85-100
CMI Report | 2004

Aid to judicial reform: Norwegian and international experiences

Creating a viable judiciary and strengthening its democratic functions has been a main concern of both governments and donors over the last two decades. This report charts the efforts to...
Elin Skaar, Ingrid Samset and Siri Gloppen (2004)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2004: 12) 104 p.
Journal Article | 2004

What's trust got to do with it? Non-payment of service charges in local authorities in South Africa

A major financial problem in many municipalities in South Africa is the inadequate collection of service charges due to widespread non-payment. The prevailing view is that non-compliance is caused by...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2004)
in The Journal of Modern African Studies vol. 42 no. 4 pp. 539-562
CMI Report | 2004

Coffee, co-operatives and competition: The impact of fair trade

Coffee is one of the most important Third World export commodities, and 70% of the producers are small-scale farmers. Coffee producers are often poor and marginalised, and their situation is...
Anna Milford (2004)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2004: 6) 76 p.
Book Chapter | 2004

Taxation and State Formation in Palestine 1994-2000

This chapter looks at factors constraining the efforts of the Palestinian quasi-state to raise revenues during the period 1994-2000. It is argued that in terms of its achievements, within its...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Adel Zagha (2004)
in Inge Amundsen, Mushtaq Husain Khan and George Giacaman (eds.): State formation in Palestine: Viability and governance during a social transformation. Lond./N.Y.: RoutledgeCurzon pp. 192-214
CMI Working Paper | 2003

The evolution of social norms

Evolutionary game theory provides the tools to analyze which strategies, or patterns of behaviour, emerge over time through a process of adaptation. Social norms can be defined as patterns of behaviour with certain characteristics....
Ivar Kolstad (2003)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2003:1) 13 p.