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U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Lobbying: the preconditions of an anti-corruption promise

Can lobbying be a realistic and legitimate alternative to corruption in less developed countries? This paper addresses this question by: (1) delineating the differences and similarities between lobbying and corruption;...
Anthony Nownes (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:8) 28 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Corruption in community-driven development. A Kenyan case study with insights from Indonesia

Abstract Community-driven development is a widely employed development strategy for empowering people to choose their own development priorities, to select their own project leaders, and to monitor the implementation of their...
Jean Ensminger (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:9) 60 p
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Poverty among Sudanese communities along the eastern borders: A case study from the Kassala and Gedarif States

The data for this paper was collected through a survey aimed at reviewing the socioeconomic conditions of the communities living along the Sudanese border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The survey...
Dr. Faiez Ahmed Hamed ElNeel, Dr. Hassan Ahmed Abdel Ati, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:2) 16 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
CMI Report | 2017

Rural poverty in Malanje, Angola

This report is part of the research programme “Cooperation on Research and Development in Angola” between Centro de Estudos e Investigação Científica (CEIC) at the Catholic University in Luanda, Angola...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro, Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Mateus Agostinho (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:1) 36 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Bespoke monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption agencies

Anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) are often considered a last resort against corruption and are expected to solve a problem that other institutions have failed to address effectively or may even be...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:2) 6 p
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India

Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land...
Hugo Stokke (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Property Taxation in Developing Countries

Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution,...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Mobility, Entitlement and Perceptions of Inequality

This paper proposes a model how individuals form beliefs on inequality based on their own and their family’s experience. A person’s income is determined by their effort and family background....
Julia Seiermann (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:2) 24 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2017

Which Grievances Make People Support Violence against the State? Survey Evidence from the Niger Delta

Previous research has established a link between oil production and armed conflict in low- and middle-income countries. Oil-related grievances are viewed as a key variable driving resentment and antistate attitudes....
Carlo Koos (2017)
in International Interactions vol. 44 no. 3 pp. 437-462
Journal Article | 2017

Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania

Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P...
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange (2017)
in Social Science & Medicine vol. 179 pp. 61-73
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalização e Pobreza em Malanje Rural, Angola

Angola rural passou por décadas de provações com a guerra e a marginalização económica – culminando com a actual crise económica. Este resumo diz respeito a dez comunidades rurais na...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

South Sudan “arrivals” in the White Nile State (Sudan). Not citizens, not IDPs, not Refugees: What are they?

This paper discusses the living conditions of the so called “arrivals,”{1} South Sudanese refugees in Sudan, most of whom now reside in the White Nile State (58 %) and in...
Idris Salim ElHassan (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:7) 24 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Pobreza urbana e desigualdade em Luanda, Angola

Este resumo mostra que os pobres da capital angolana Luanda estão, efetivamente, presos numa armadilha da pobreza devido a deficiências materiais e oportunidades limitadas de rendimento. Ao mesmo tempo, os...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Urban poverty and inequality in Luanda, Angola

This brief shows that the poor in Angola’s capital Luanda are effectively trapped in poverty through material deficiencies, limited income opportunities and with crime and prostitution sometimes being the only...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17) 4 p.