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Journal Article | 2018

Who benefits from increased service utilisation? Examining the distributional effects of payment for performance in Tanzania

Payment for performance (P4P) strategies, which provide financial incentives to health workers and/or facilities for reaching pre-defined performance targets, can improve healthcare utilisation and quality. P4P may also reduce inequalities...
Peter John Binyaruka, Bjarne Robberstad, Gaute Torsvik, Josephine Borghi (2018)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 17:14 pp. 1-16
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania

Corruption appears to be an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. We report from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania that provides causal evidence on how expectations...
Alexander W. Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:5) 61 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

How do voters respond to information on self-serving elite behaviour? Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in Tanzania

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
Helsinki: UNU-WIDER (WIDER Working Paper no. 11/2018)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:1) 27 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Understanding the lie of the land: an institutional analysis of petro-governance in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum and natural gas reserves, boosting its natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. Whether the country’s petroleum resources will translate into economic development...
Kendra Dupuy and Bryan Lee (2018)
in Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law vol. 36 no. 1 pp. 85-101
CMI Brief | 2017

Petroleum populism: How new resource endowments shape voter choices

High-value natural resources can be a political “curse” when political elites use resource revenues to maintain power, subvert democratic rule, and distribute public goods to their supporters. New resource discoveries...
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 11) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania

Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction....
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Alternatives to local content

This paper discusses whether and to what extent resource-rich developing countries should introduce local content policies, i.e. requirements to include local inputs in petroleum extraction activities of multinational corporations. We...
Ivar Kolstad and Abel Kinyondo (2017)
in Oxford Development Studies
Book Chapter | 2017

Capital flight, tax policy and lobbyists in Africa

This article examines how the use of tax havens affects tax moral and lobbying, and how tax havens form elites’ and other actors’ incentives to block or promote tax reforms in...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2017)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 93-96
Book | 2017

Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa

Several African countries are among the fastest growing economies in the world. However, capital flows to tax havens are one factor limiting the benefits of economic growth for ordinary Africans....
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Henriksen Ringstad, Honest Prosper Ngowi, Ingvild Hestad, Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Local Content in Tanzania’s Gas and Minerals Sectors: Who regulates?

The implementation of Tanzania’s local content policy for the petroleum and mineral sectors has been hampered by inconsistency, confusion, and un-coordinated donor interventions. There is a need to replace overlapping...
Jesse Salah Ovadia (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 6) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Corruption in community-driven development. A Kenyan case study with insights from Indonesia

Abstract Community-driven development is a widely employed development strategy for empowering people to choose their own development priorities, to select their own project leaders, and to monitor the implementation of their...
Jean Ensminger (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:9) 60 p
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom in Tanzania: Central versus local government property tax collection

Effective collection of property taxes requires constructive working relations between the central government revenue authority and the municipalities, independent of the mode of administration. Clear division of function and responsibility...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2017:3) 8 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)

What impact did Tanzania’s decentralization reform have on local governance, finances and service delivery? To what extent are the central-local government relationships changed with respect to resource allocation and responsibilities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2017)
in Donald Mmari and Samuel Wangwe : Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania. . Dar es Salaam: Mkukui na Nyota Publishers Ltd. pp. 34-56
Journal Article | 2017

Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation?

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop local content policies (LCPs) to increase job and business opportunities for nationals in the...
Abel Kinyondo and Espen Villanger (2017)
Kinyondo and Villanger, 2017. Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation? The Extractive Industries and Society, 4(2), 371-384.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Policy Making in the Tanzanian Petro State: Building a Statistical Basis

This paper deals with needs and availability of data, statistics and information in Tanzania. It relates to a five-year (2014–19) research programme on prospects and challenges for the petroleum sector.  The...
Jan Isaksen, Blandina Kilama, Fred Matola (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:5) 53 p.
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom: property taxation in Africa

The growth of Africa’s towns and cities has outpaced local governments’ capacity for service delivery in terms of management, infrastructure, and financing. As a result, many African towns and cities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Tom Goodfellow (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 1) 8 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Property Taxation in Developing Countries

Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution,...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Kriser og kriger – er det bruk for oss nå?

Kriser og kriger – er det bruk for oss nå? - Nr 01 - 2017 - Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift - Idunn - tidsskrifter på nett // <![CDATA[ var module = 'article'; var...
Gunnar Sørbø (2017)
Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift