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Impact Series | 2018

Reforming tax systems: The foot soldiers of tax

Inefficiency and corruption used to be a trademark of the tax systems in many African countries. CMI research has influenced the way governments and donors think about taxation and development,...
Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Impact Series IS 2018:01)
Book Chapter | 2018

Globally designed accountability and local social inequality. A case study of two maternal deaths in Tanzania.

Siri Lange (2018)
in Håkon Fyhn, Harald Aspen, Anne Kathrine Larsen: Edges of Global Transformation: Ethnographies of Uncertainty. Lanham, Boulder, New York and London: Lexington Books pp. 133-152
CMI Insight | 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Professional Agency in the Ecology of Wrongdoing

This study offers an account of individual agency within a constructivist view of professional wrongdoing. The main contribution is a model in which the neglected role of individual professionals is...
Brooke Harrington, Copenhagen Business School (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:8)
Report in External Series | 2018

Non-formal girls’ life skills programming Implications for policy and practice

Research in developing countries demonstrates the importance of life skills for improving a range of outcomes for adolescent girls. These outcomes include improved psychosocial and mental health (e.g., emotional resilience,...
Christina Kwauk, Amanda Braga, Helyn Kim, Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen (2018)
NW Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution (POLICY BRIEF) 12 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?

The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one...
Sosina Bezu, Espen Villanger, Abel Alfred Kinyondo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:8) 38 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Evaluation of agreement between Norwegian Church Aid and Norad for financial support to Haydom Lutheran Hospital

Executive summary Haydom Lutheran Hospital (HLH) opened in 1955. HLH is owned by the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania (ELCT), Mbulu Synod, but for decades, HLH has relied primarily on financial...
Joar Svanemyr (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:9)
Journal Article | 2018

Recruitment Mechanisms for Reserved Seats for Women in Parliament and Switches to Non-Quota Seats: A Comparative Study of Tanzania and Uganda

Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
in Journal of Modern African Studies
CMI Brief | 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations

The purpose of this study is to systematise and analyse existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Morten Bøås, Julie Brun Bjørkheim, Frida Margrethe Kvamme (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:03) 49 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Regulatory Burdens in Tax Administration and Firms’ Compliance Costs in Africa

This paper examines the effect of regulatory burdens related to tax administration on firms' compliance costs in Africa. Using cross-country firm-level data, the results show that regulatory burdens related to...
Merima Ali (2018)
ICTD
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Diktatorens lærebok: Kapittelet om Tanzania

Det går utforbakke med demokratiet og rettstaten i Tanzania, skriver professor Lise Rakner. Stormangrepet på alle røster som kunne tenkes å kritiserer regjeringspartiet (CCM) i Tanzania kan så langt i 2018...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bistandsaktuelt 12.11.18
Journal Article | 2018

Rethinking access. Key methodological challenges in studying energy companies.

Understanding the role of large energy corporations in society is a crucial, yet challenging task for the social science of energy. Ethnographic methods hold potential for plying into corporations' own...
Müftüoglu IB, Knudsen S, Dale RF, Eiken O, Rajak D, Lange S (2018)
in Energy Research & Social Science
Journal Article | 2018

Who benefits from increased service utilisation? Examining the distributional effects of payment for performance in Tanzania

Payment for performance (P4P) strategies, which provide financial incentives to health workers and/or facilities for reaching pre-defined performance targets, can improve healthcare utilisation and quality. P4P may also reduce inequalities...
Peter John Binyaruka, Bjarne Robberstad, Gaute Torsvik, Josephine Borghi (2018)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 17:14 pp. 1-16
Journal Article | 2018

The Other Side of Taxation: Extraction and Social Institutions in the Developing World

The fiscal sociology literature views the state at the heart of development, but in most developing countries, formal taxation is limited. Instead, local residents make substantial contributions outside the state...
Ellen Lust and Lise Rakner (2018)
in Annual review of Political Science vol. 21 pp. 277-294
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania

Corruption appears to be an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. We report from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania that provides causal evidence on how expectations...
Alexander W. Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:5) 61 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

How do voters respond to information on self-serving elite behaviour? Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in Tanzania

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
Helsinki: UNU-WIDER (WIDER Working Paper no. 11/2018)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:1) 27 p.