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Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Kinship, Caste and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell, Susanne van Dillen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:6) 35 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012

Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the...
Kendra Dupuy & Aseem Prakash (2018)
in Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 89-106
Journal Article | 2018

Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan

The persistent policy of successive Sudanese governments in favouring large-scale agricultural investments at the expense of traditional land use is creating material differences among significant groups of the population. A...
Hussein M. Sulieman (2018)
Springer Open: Research, Policy and Practice
Book Chapter | 2018

Democratic Revolutions? Insights on Social Stability and Social Change From Psychology and Politics

There is growing psychological evidence that various processes differently contribute to our propensity to support or challenge the status quo; to embrace change or to reject it. What is more,...
Siri Neset and Lucas B. Mazur (2018)
in Brady Wagoner, Ignacio Bresco de Luna, Vlad Glaveanu: The Road to Actualized Democracy: A Psychological Exploration. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing
Report in External Series | 2018

Evaluation of the Norwegian Aid Administration’s Practice of Results-Based Management

The purpose of this evaluation has been to improve the aid administration’s current practice of results-based management by documenting how this is currently done and by identifying areas of improvement.  Key findings are: - Despite the...
Paul Balogun, Rob Lloyd, Espen Villanger and Mary Lagaay (2018)
Oslo: Norad no. 4/2018 79 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Political determinants of sustainable development goals

We read with interest the article by the GBD 2016 SDG Collaborators1 (Sept 16, p 1423), which presents a comprehensive analysis of the potential gaps and gains in the health-related Sustainable...
Camila Gianella, Siri Gloppen, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado (2017)
in The Lancet vol. 390 no. 10112 pp. 2545-2546
Sudan Report | 2017

Traditional, but changing, cultural norms: Rural community views on child marriage in Algadaref State, Sudan

This report investigates child marriage in Algadaref State, located in Sudan’s eastern region. Child marriage is a human rights violation affecting children’s and women’s rights to health, education, equality, non-discrimination,...
Samia El Nagar, Ibtisam al-Jack, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:4) 44 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania

Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction....
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

With a little help from the banks

Africa is a source of large-scale capital flight. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on how banks facilitate capital flight from Africa. There is growing evidence that...
Kari Heggstad and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2017)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 90-92
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2017

Prosecuting corruption across borders: Eurojust – Interview with Maria Schnebli

For fifteen years, Eurojust’s operational focus has been set by the European Commission’s Agendas on Security and Migration: treating terrorism, illegal immigrant smuggling and cybercrime as priorities. Corruption cases, which...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2017:3)
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Corruption in community-driven development. A Kenyan case study with insights from Indonesia

Abstract Community-driven development is a widely employed development strategy for empowering people to choose their own development priorities, to select their own project leaders, and to monitor the implementation of their...
Jean Ensminger (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:9) 60 p
CMI Report | 2017

Robustness and vulnerabilities to corruption in Denmark’s aid funding modalities in Afghanistan

The Danish Embassy’s risk management and mitigation system is well-structured and effective. The Embassy has a coherent and comprehensive anti-corruption approach that addresses both internal and external dimensions, and includes...
Arne Strand, Arne Disch, Mirwais Wardak (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:2) 28 p.