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Journal Article | 2016

Hands Off My Regime! Governments’ Restrictions on Foreign Aid to Non-Governmental Organizations in Poor and Middle-Income Countries

Many resource-strapped developing country governments seek international aid, but when that assistance is channeled through domestic civil society, it can threaten their political control. As a result, in the last...
Kendra Dupuy, James Ron, Aseem Prakash (2016)
in World Development
Journal Article | 2016

The politics of complexity in Bodoland: the interplay of contentious politics, the production of collective identities and elections in Assam

Anwesha Dutta (2016)
in South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies vol. 39 no. 2 pp. 478-493
Book Chapter | 2016

Substantive Representation in Africa: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reforms in Morocco, South Africa, and Uganda

Ragnhild Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen and Vibeke Wang (2016)
in Gendered Citizenship: The Politics of Representation edited by Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (Palgrave Macmillan)
Journal Article | 2016

Democratic Dynasties? Internal Party Democracy in Bangladesh

First of all, this paper explores the rationale for internal party democracy, highlighting the ‘school for democracy’ argument. Second, it identifies three crucial processes as determinants for the level of...
Inge Amundsen (2016)
in Party Politics vol. 22 no. 1 pp. 49-58
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2015

Egypt’s Military Business: The Need for Change

In today's Egypt, you cannot miss it: the heavy presence of the military institution in the economy. The Egyptian military owns business enterprises that are in almost every sector and...
Zeinab Abul-Magd (2015)
Journal Article | 2015

Opposition parties and the decentralisation process in South Africa and Zambia

Theories of democratic decentralisation in democratising states suggest that such reforms will provide significant opportunities for parties in opposition at the national level by multiplying the arenas of political contestation....
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Lars Svåsand (2015)
in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics vol. 53 no. 4 pp. 475-496
Report in External Series | 2015

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing to smooth consumption and finance cultivation in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three-season, infinite-horizon theoretical model is...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2015)
(IZA-DP no. 9357)
Report in External Series | 2015

Opportunity in Crisis: Navigating Afghanistan's Uncertain Future

Afghanistan’s future remains uncertain. After one of the longest and most ambitious interventions since the Second World War, peace and stability remain elusive. Much has been achieved but at a...
Matt Waldman (2015)
London: Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Research Paper, Asia Programme) 34 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2015

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:8) 28 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2015

Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour

Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:9) 12 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Print media liberalization and electoral coverage bias in Kuwait

The article discusses the political effect of print media liberalization in Kuwait based on content analysis of Arabic language newspapers in the 2009 parliamentary election. The analysis found no systematic...
Kjetil Selvik, Jon Nordenson and Tewodros Kebede (2015)
in The Middle East Journal vol. 69 no. 2 pp. 255-276
Book Chapter | 2015

Election Funding and Donor Interventions

Arne Tostensen and Rafiq Hajat (2015)
in Nadini Patel and Michael Wahman : The Malawi 2014 Tripartite Elections: Is Democracy Maturing? . Lilongwe: National Initiative for Civic Education
Report in External Series | 2014

Women’s Rights and Political Representation: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

This paper summarizes the main achievements and challenges for Afghan women’s participation in politics and their access to justice. It also presents the most important reflections amongst key stakeholders about possible ways forward, with...
Timor Sharan, Torunn Wimpelmann (2014)
Oslo: PRIO (PRIO Paper 2014) 8 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

“For the Guarantee of Law and Order”: The Armed Forces and Public Security in Brazil

The transition to democracy in Brazil came with a significant change in the role the armed forces could play for public security within the country. According to article 142 of...
Ingrid Samset (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:11) 32 p
Report in External Series | 2014

Political Parties in Bangladesh

This study provides an overview of the evolution of political parties since the birth of Bangladesh. It analyses and compares the ideology, organisational structure, leadership and support base of four...
Rounaq Jahan (2014)
Dhaka: Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) (CPD-CMI Working Paper series no. WP 2014:8)
Report in External Series | 2014

Costa Rica’s Anti-Corruption Trajectory: Strengths and Limitations

In spite of the economic and social policy successes of Latin America’s longest surviving democracy, corruption has become a major problem shaking Costa Ricans’ confidence in appointed and elected public...
Bruce M. Wilson (2014)
(Work Package: WP3, Corruption and governance improvement in global and continental perspectives. Anti-Corruption Policies Revisited Project. EU/Hertie/GIGA)
Journal Article | 2014

Alternatives to gender quotas : electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi

Gender quotas change the rules of candidate selection, reflecting a demand-side solution to women's underrepresentation in politics. In contrast, limited attention has been given in the literature to possible supply-side...
Happy M. Kayuni, Ragnhild Louise Muriaas (2014)
in Representation vol. 50 no. 3 pp. 393-404
Journal Article | 2014

Present without Presence? Gender, Quotas, and Debate Recognition in the Ugandan Parliament

This article charts a new direction in gender quota research by examining whether female legislators in general, and quota recipients in particular, are accorded respect and authority in plenary debates. We measure...
Amanda Clayton, Cecilia Josefsson, Vibeke Wang (2014)
in Representation vol. 50 no. 3 pp. 379-392
CMI Insight | 2014

Blood Elections: Presidential election in Syria within the Red Regime Lines

The oppositional groups called the June 3 presidential election “blood elections” because of the huge numbers of lives lost during the three years of war. When pro-regime voters marked their...
Emma Jørum (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2014:4) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2014

Leaving Them to It? Women's Rights in Transitioning Afghanistan

Donors, Western publics and Afghan activists and their local allies should recognize that external support cannot in any way compensate for local political organization. Afghan women can only secure gender...
Torunn Wimpelmann (2014)
The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House (Asia Programme, Afghanistan: Opportunity in Crisis series no. 5) 8 p.