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U4 Issue | 2015

National-level corruption risks and mitigation strategies in the implementation of REDD+ in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An overview of the current situation

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is one of the first REDD+ target countries due its huge forest ecosystem potential. Since 2011, the country has been creating key pieces...
Samuel Assembe-Mvondo (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:9) 30 p.
Journal Article | 2015

The Scandinavian Approach to Private Maritime Security — A Regulatory Façade?

This article analyzes the legislative processes and the creation of security governance structures in a recent move by Scandinavian countries to authorize the use of armed guards on commercial vessels....
Joakim Berndtsson, Åse Gilje Østensen (2015)
in Ocean Development and International Law vol. 46 no. 2 pp. 138-152
Journal Article | 2015

Who survived? Ethiopia's regulatory crackdown on foreign-funded NGOs

How do public regulations shape the composition and behavior of non-governmental organizations (NGOs)? Because many NGOs advocate liberal causes, such as human rights, democracy, and gender equality, they upset the...
Kendra Dupuy, James Ron, Aseem Prakash (2015)
in Review of International Political Economy vol. 22 no. 2 pp. 419-456
U4 Brief | 2014

The revolving door Indicator: Estimating the distortionary power of the revolving door

When people move between positions as regulator or legislators and private companies within the same sector this can lead to conflicts of interest, regulatory capture, and economic distortions. Such practices...
Elise S. Brezis, Joël Cariolle (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2014:10) 6 p.
Report in External Series | 2014

Women’s Rights and Political Representation: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

This paper summarizes the main achievements and challenges for Afghan women’s participation in politics and their access to justice. It also presents the most important reflections amongst key stakeholders about possible ways forward, with...
Timor Sharan, Torunn Wimpelmann (2014)
Oslo: PRIO (PRIO Paper 2014) 8 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

“For the Guarantee of Law and Order”: The Armed Forces and Public Security in Brazil

The transition to democracy in Brazil came with a significant change in the role the armed forces could play for public security within the country. According to article 142 of...
Ingrid Samset (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:11) 32 p
Angola Brief | 2014

Tax amnesty in Angola: a fresh start or a vicious circle?

The Angolan Parliament has recently approved a comprehensive set of new tax legislation as part of the ongoing non-oil tax reform. An amnesty for taxpayers’ outstanding debt is part of...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Søren Kirk Jensen, Francisco Miguel Paulo (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 4 no. 9) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2014

Impact of foreign bribery legislation on developing countries and the role of donor agencies

Legislation prohibiting foreign bribery has been enacted and enforced by several countries, notably the United States and the United Kingdom, but its impact on developing countries is poorly understood. An...
Bruce Zagaris (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2014:6) 54 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Present without Presence? Gender, Quotas, and Debate Recognition in the Ugandan Parliament

This article charts a new direction in gender quota research by examining whether female legislators in general, and quota recipients in particular, are accorded respect and authority in plenary debates. We measure...
Amanda Clayton, Cecilia Josefsson, Vibeke Wang (2014)
in Representation vol. 50 no. 3 pp. 379-392
Journal Article | 2014

Tracing Gender Differences in Parliamentary Debates: A Growth Curve Analysis of Ugandan MPs' Activity Levels in Plenary Sessions, 1998-2008.

Participation in legislative debates is potentially an important tool for Members of Parliament (MPs) to communicate policy positions and exert influence on the policy process. Yet there are few studies...
Vibeke Wang (2014)
in Representation vol. 50 no. 3 pp. 365-377
CMI Insight | 2014

Reforming the personal income tax system in Angola: An alternative proposal

Reforming the personal income tax legislation in Angola has been under preparation since 2011. There are many challenges related to creating an effective and fair tax system in a highly...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Søren Kirk Jensen and Francisco Miguel Paulo (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2014:3) 4 p.
Angola Brief | 2014

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: On track or losing momentum?

Since 2010, Angola has been implementing a tax reform aiming to increase non-oil tax revenues. This brief addresses main achievements of the reform since mid-2012 on administrative and legislative issues....
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Søren Kirk Jensen and Francisco Miguel Paulo (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 4 no. 2) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Women changing policy outcomes: Learning from pro-women legislation in the Ugandan Parliament

Since the 1990s there has been an unprecedented rise in the number of women in parliaments in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the literature finds little evidence that increased women's representation has...
Vibeke Wang (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. 41 pp. 113-121
Angola Brief | 2013

Controlling elections: The Angolan Election Commission

Over the last few years, Angolan legislation on elections and the Angolan national election commission has been strengthened considerably. In legal terms the Comissão Nacional Eleitoral (CNE) is now an independent commission...
Inge Amundsen (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 3 no. 1) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2013

The Women's Quota in Conflict Ridden Sudan: Ideological Battles for and against Gender Equality

This article explores women's substantive representation in Sudan's National Assembly. It examines the extent to which female legislators in the National Assembly represent women's interests, paying special attention to legislative...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. Volume 41 no. Part 2 pp. 122-131
CMI Brief | 2012

The Parliament of Bangladesh. Challenges and Way Forward

In the forty years since independence Bangladesh has rotated between electoral democracy and military rule, and between parliamentary and presidential system of government. The frequent systemic changes have hindered the...
Rounaq Jahan (CPD) (2012)
Dhaka: Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) (CPD-CMI Brief no. 1) 6 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

The Parliament of Bangladesh: Representation and Accountability

The constitution of Bangladesh bestows the parliament with supreme powers in making laws and approving budgets. It is given wide-ranging authority to scrutinise the actions of the executive who remains...
Rounaq Jahan and Inge Amundsen (2012)
Dhaka and Bergen: Center for Policy Dialogue (CPD) and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) (CPD-CMI Working Paper series CPD-CMI WP 2012:2) 69 p.
Book Chapter | 2012

Civil Society Procurement Monitoring: Challenges and Opportunities

The article provides an overview of the involvement of civil society organiza!ons and citizens in public procurement. It analyses the main challenges and opportuni!es arising from civil society procurement monitoring including: the...
Francesco De Simone and Shruti Shah (2012)
in Eduardo Bohorquez and Deniz Devrim: A New Role for Citizens in public Procurement. Mexico City: Transparencia Mexicana 142 p.
Book Chapter | 2011

Promoting women's rights in Afghanistan: The ambiguous footprint of the West

The critique of the Liberal Peace is based on the assumption that Western countries attempt to impose ‘their’ values and models on war-torn countries. In reality, however, the effects of...
Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary, Orzala Ashraf Nemat and Astri Suhrke (2011)
in Susanna Campbell, David Chandler and Meera Sabaratnam, eds.: A liberal peace? The problems and practices of peacebuilding. London, New York: Zed Books pp. 106-120
U4 Issue | 2011

Combating illicit financial flows and related corruption in Africa: Towards a more integrated and effective approach

The relationship between anti-money laundering and anti-corruption strategies is a key issue for developing countries. Corruption and money laundering cannot be effectively addressed solely by the specialised agencies mandated to deal with...
Charles Goredema (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:12) 31 p.