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Journal Article | 2014

Clustering as an organizational response to capital market inefficiency: evidence from microenterprises in Ethiopia

Absence of a well-developed capital market has been listed as a key obstacle to industrialization in developing countries in the development literature. In this paper, we show that industrial clusters,...
Merima Ali, Jack Peerlings, Xiaobo Zhang (2014)
in Small Business Economics vol. 43 no. 3 pp. 697-709
U4 Issue | 2013

A qualitative reframing of private sector corruption: Considerations from the natural resource sectors in South Africa

The currently used concept of private sector corruption does not cover new types of corruption that have emerged in response to the increasing complexity of the public-private boundary and the...
Sarah Bracking (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2013:7) 36 p.
Book Chapter | 2013

Productivity of health workers. Tanzania

Ottar Mæstad, Aziza Mwisongo (2013)
in A. Soucat, R. Scheffler, and T. A. Ghebreyesus : The labor market for health workers in Africa. A new look at the crisis.. Washington D.C.: The World Bank
Book | 2013

The Security Archipelago: Human-Security States, Sexuality Politics, and the End of Neoliberalism

In The Security Archipelago, Paul Amar provides an alternative historical and theoretical framing of the refashioning of free-market states and the rise of humanitarian security regimes in the Global South by...
Paul Amar (2013)
Duke: Duke University Press 328 p.
Journal Article | 2013

In the business of peace: the political influence of private military and security companies on UN peacekeeping

Private military and security companies increasingly perform services for the UN. The article describes how these companies are used by the UN organization and become part of UN operations. Their...
Åse Gilje Østensen (2013)
in International Peacekeeping vol. 20 no. 1 pp. 33-47
CMI Brief | 2012

Poverty reduction through microbusiness

Microbusiness can be an effective way out of poverty. Returns to capital for microbusinesses in poor rural areas can be so high that people with microbusinesses can double and even...
Espen Villanger (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 6) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Caste discrimination and barriers to microenterprise growth in Nepal

Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyzes how caste-based segmentation in the capital and labor markets can...
Espen Villanger (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:9) 33 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

Agricultural Trade between Bangladesh and India: An Analysis of Trends, Trading Patterns and Determinants

The paper analyses the indices of trends and patterns of India-Bangladesh bilateral agriculture trade, and estimates the short and long-run elasticities of the determinants of this trade by using descriptive...
Mustafizur Rahman, Mazbahul Golam Ahamad, A K M Nazrul Islam, Muhammad Al Amin (2012)
Dhaka: Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) (CPD-CMI Working Paper no. 3)
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Infrastructure policy and governance failures

Interventions to fix market failures in infrastructure have often resulted in some form of governance failure and this contributes importantly to explain shortcomings in the supply of infrastructure services in...
Daniel Benitez, Antonio Estache, Tina Søreide (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:5) 31 p.
Book Chapter | 2012

From "Enemies of the Revolution" to Unfulfilled Ideal: Private Industrial Entrepreneurs in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Private sector industrial entrepreneurs are usually perceived as “victims” of the Iranian revolution. This reading has been shaped by events like the Revolutionary council’s dispossession of the Pahlavi industrial elite...
Kjetil Selvik (2012)
in Negin Nabavi: Iran: From Theocracy to the Green Movement. Palgrave Macmillan
Journal Article | 2012

What determines Chinese outward FDI?

Chinese outward foreign direct investment (FDI) has increased substantially in recent years. Though this has generated considerable interest in the motivations and drivers of Chinese investment abroad, there have been...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2012)
in Journal of World Business vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 26-34
CMI Report | 2011

Social security, poverty dynamics and economic growth in Angola's smallholder agriculture

A new Land Act introduced in Angola in 2004 demonstrates a genuine interest in the protection of the customary land rights of rural communities and underlines rural communities’ rights to...
Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Bjørn Enge Bertelsen (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:5) 33 p.
Journal Article | 2011

Triadic power relations in rural Nepal

We generalise Basu’s (1986) model of triadic power. For one landlord and multiple merchants the landlord’s threat towards a labourer becomes credible in the original stage game. For multiple landlords...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2011)
in Journal of Development Studies. vol.47 no.11 pp. 1739-1756
Book Chapter | 2011

The Governance of infrastructure regulation: An economist's view

INTRODUCTION: Network industries—electricity, gas, road, telecommunications, and private water supply—need regulation in one way or the other. Very often only one network operates in a given market. The expenses of...
Tina Søreide (2011)
in Antonio Estache : Emerging issues in competition, collusion and regulation of network industries . London : Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
Report in External Series | 2011

Real-time evaluation of Norway's international climate and forest initiative. Contributions to a global REDD+ regime 2007-2010

This report is an output of the first iteration of a process of real-time evaluation of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI). This strand of evaluation addresses NICFI’s contribution...
Richard Tipper, Johan Helland, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen et al (2011)
Oslo: Norad (Evaluation report no. 12/2010) 82 p.
Journal Article | 2011

In from the cold? Self-legitimating the market for private security

Åse Gilje Østensen (2011)
in Global Change, Peace & Security vol. 23 no. 3 pp. 369-385
Report in External Series | 2011

Faithful Ally. The UK Engagement in Afghanistan.

The British government under Tony Blair was an early and major supporter of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). The Royal Navy and Air Force participated in the first strikes against Afghanistan...
Astri Suhrke (2011)
Oslo: PRIO (PRIO Papers)
Journal Article | 2011

Ethnic Ties in Trade Relationships and the Impact on Economic Performance: The Case of Small-Scale Producers in the Handloom Sector in Ethiopia

This article analyses the importance of ethnic ties in trade relationships of small-scale producers in the handloom sector in Ethiopia using both a non-parametric and a parametric statistical method. It...
Merima Ali and Jack Peerlings (2011)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 47 no. 8 pp. 1241-1260
Master's Thesis | 2011

Small Hands Should Play, Not Work: A Theoretical Analysis of Interventions in Child Labor

Twelve hours a day, 7 days a week, there are 150 million children below the age of 15 working to make the clothes we wear, the carpets on our floors...
Charlotte Ringdal (2011)
Master in Economics. Bergen: University of Bergen 102 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2011

Traditional market institutions and complex change: Exploring transition and change in the Bangladesh rice market

This study explores the hitherto unaddressed question of how the large, complex paddy‐rice market in Bangladesh is able to solve the problem of complex exchange, faced in particular by the...
K A S Murshid (2011)
Dhaka: Centre for Policy Dialogue and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CPD‐CMI Working Paper 1) 22 p.