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CMI Brief | 2015

Shaping the tax agenda: Public engagement, lobbying and tax reform in Tanzania

Tax reforms are no longer the exclusive domain of the International Monetary Fund, external experts, and the Ministry of Finance. Increasingly, interest groups across Africa shape the tax agenda. Business...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Prosper Ngowi, Lise Rakner (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 5) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2015

When the terrain does not fit the map: Local government taxation in Africa

Fiscal decentralisation – the devolution of revenue mobilisation and spending powers to lower levels of government – has become a main theme of governance over the past two decades. A...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2015)
in Anne Mette Kjær, Lars Engberg Pedersen and Lars Buur: Perspectives on politics, production and public administration in Africa. Essays in honour of Ole Therkildsen. . Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) pp. 147-158
Report in External Series | 2015

Experiences with Results-Based Payments in Norwegian Development Aid

The aim of this report is to summarize the experiences from results-based initiatives in Norwegian development cooperation and enhance the knowledge base for future decisions involving results-based payments. The report provides...
Johan Helland,Ottar Mæstad (2015)
Oslo: Norad (Evaluation Department Report no. 4/2015) 34 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Steuern: Besser abkassieren. Afrikanische Regierungen braauchen mehr eigene Einnahmen. Auf welche Steuern sollen sie setzen?

There is a growing interest among governments and development agencies to strengthen domestic revenue mobilisation in developing countries. It reflects a concern for financing of public goods and services, as...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2015)
in Welt-Sichten vol. 2015 no. 4 pp. 34-37
U4 Issue | 2015

National-level corruption risks and mitigation strategies in the implementation of REDD+ in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An overview of the current situation

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is one of the first REDD+ target countries due its huge forest ecosystem potential. Since 2011, the country has been creating key pieces...
Samuel Assembe-Mvondo (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:9) 30 p.
U4 Issue | 2015

REDD Integrity: An evidence based approach to anti-corruption in REDD+

Schemes for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) have emerged as a means to address deforestation trends in developing countries and related emissions of forest carbon. Governance and...
Aled Williams, Kendra Dupuy, Fiona Downs (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:7) 24 p.
Report in External Series | 2015

Saving by Default: Evidence from a Field Experiment in India

A growing share of the world population is getting access to a formal bank account. This allows a move from cash to account based payments. Grounding our hypothesis in behavioral...
Vincent Somville and Lore Vandewalle (2015)
Geneva: The Graduate Institute of International Studies and Development (IHEID Working Paper no. 01-2015)
Report in External Series | 2015

Information Technology and Fiscal Capacity in a Developing Country: Evidence from Ethiopia

Governments in developing countries are typically constrained by a limited fiscal capacity to finance the provision of essential public goods – a constraint that has been cited as one of...
Merima Ali, Abdulaziz Shifa, Abebe Shimeles and Firew Woldeyes (2015)
(ICTD Working Paper no. 31)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2015

Fighting corruption in anti-deforestation programmes: The case of REDD+

The protection of tropical forests is a hot topic, particularly in light of the pressing threat of global climate change. The 2014 UN Climate Summit saw a range of national...
Aled Williams (2015)
The Global Anti-Corruption Blog, Harvard Law School, 6th January 2015
Report in External Series | 2015

Financing education in Afghanistan: Opportunities for action

The Afghan Ministry of Education estimates that there are presently 8.35 million students (39% of which are girls) in primary, lower secondary, and upper secondary government schools, including Islamic schooling,...
Arne Strand (2015)
Education for development
Journal Article | 2015

Human and financial capital for microenterprise development: Evidence from a field and lab experiment

Microenterprises constitute an important source of employment, and developing such enterprises is a key policy concern in most countries. But what is the most efficient tool for microenterprise development? We...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Bertil Tungodden (2015)
in Management science vol. 61 no. 4 pp. 707-722
Journal Article | 2015

Carpe per Diem: The uses and abuses of travel compensation in developing countries

This article presents the results of a qualitative study of the uses and abuses of travel compensation in the state administrations of three developing countries: Ethiopia, Malawi and Tanzania. We...
Ingvild Aagedal Skage, Tina Søreide, Arne Tostensen (2015)
in Forum for Development Studies vol. 42 no. 3 pp. 387-414
CMI Working Paper | 2015

Colonial legacy, state-building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ethnicity has received increased attention in studies of Africa's economic and institutional development. We present evidence on the long-term effects of Britain's "divide-and-rule" colonial strategy that deliberately fostered ethnic rivalries...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Boqian Jiang, Abdulaziz B. Shifa (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:16)
Report in External Series | 2015

African Development: What role do the rising powers play?

The July 2014 BRICS Summit marked a change in the level of the ambitions of this alliance of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The summit’s decisions carry potentially...
Elling N Tjønneland (2015)
Oslo: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Report no. January) 10 p.
U4 Brief | 2015

The Financial Action Task Force: An introduction

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is a Paris-based intergovernmental organization that was founded with the objective of promoting effective implementation of laws, regulations, and other measures for combating money...
Leonardo Borlini (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2015:2) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2015

Financial intermediaries – Anti-money laundering allies in cash-based societies?

Many informal cash-based economies run parallel financial systems that are very different to the Western banking concept. Such countries are perceived to have a high risk of money laundering. Looking...
Nikos Passas (2015)
Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:10) 30 p.
U4 Issue | 2015

Les risques et stratégies de réduction de la corruption dans la mise en œuvre de REDD+ en République Démocratique du Congo: un aperçu de la situation actuelle

La République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) est l’une des cibles principales du programme REDD+ en raison de la capacité potentielle de son écosystème forestier. Depuis 2011, la RDC a adopté...
Samuel Assembe-Mvondo (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:16) 30 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Alternatives to gender quotas : electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi

Gender quotas change the rules of candidate selection, reflecting a demand-side solution to women's underrepresentation in politics. In contrast, limited attention has been given in the literature to possible supply-side...
Happy M. Kayuni, Ragnhild Louise Muriaas (2014)
in Representation vol. 50 no. 3 pp. 393-404
Journal Article | 2014

Clustering as an organizational response to capital market inefficiency: evidence from microenterprises in Ethiopia

Absence of a well-developed capital market has been listed as a key obstacle to industrialization in developing countries in the development literature. In this paper, we show that industrial clusters,...
Merima Ali, Jack Peerlings, Xiaobo Zhang (2014)
in Small Business Economics vol. 43 no. 3 pp. 697-709
U4 Issue | 2014

Tax-motivated illicit financial flows: A guide for development practitioners

Tax revenue can help governments finance development and decrease reliance on foreign aid. But tax-motivated illicit financial flows – tax evasion, tax avoidance and aggressive tax planning – undermine these efforts....
Martin Hearson (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2014:2) 68 p.