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CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

The Criminalisation of Rape in Pakistan

In Pakistan, the legal recognition of rape as a crime has changed in pace with the dominant narrative on women’s sexuality. The country’s most troublesome categorisation of rape was, unfortunately,...
Shehar Bano Khan and Shirin Gul (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:08) 24 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

The Internal Flight Alternative in Norway: Law and practice with respect to Afghan families and unaccompanied asylum-seeking children

The internal flight alternative (IFA) is a limit on refugee status that potentially applies when a claimant’s risk of persecution is confined to a specific area of a country. It...
Jessica Schultz (2017)
UNHCR
Journal Article | 2017

The Battle over abortion rights in Brazil's state arenas, 1995-2006

This article proposes a relational approach to the study of abortion law reform in Brazil. It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and...
Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado and Debora Alves Machiel (2017)
in Health and Human Rights Journal
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Poverty among Sudanese communities along the eastern borders: A case study from the Kassala and Gedarif States

The data for this paper was collected through a survey aimed at reviewing the socioeconomic conditions of the communities living along the Sudanese border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The survey...
Dr. Faiez Ahmed Hamed ElNeel, Dr. Hassan Ahmed Abdel Ati, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:2) 16 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

A new conservative social movement? Latin America’s regional strategies to restrict abortion rights

Despite increased evidence of international lobbying groups working to restrict sexual and reproductive health and rights policies at international bodies such as the United Nations, little is known about transnational...
Camila Gianella Malca, Rachel Sieder, Angelica Peñas, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 5) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
Edited Book | 2017

Demanding justice and security: Indigenous women and legal pluralities in Latin America

Across Latin America, indigenous women are organizing to challenge racial, gender, and class discrimination through the courts. Collectively, by engaging with various forms of law, they are forging new definitions...
Rachel Sieder (2017)
Rutgers University Press 310 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Fishermen and Territorial Anxieties in China and Vietnam: Narratives of the South China Sea beyond the Nation Frame

In the geopolitical conflict over the South China Sea (SCS), fishers are at the center of Chinese and Vietnamese cartographic imaginations that define the sea as either “Chinese” or “Vietnamese”...
Edyta Roszko (2017)
in Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review vol. 6 no. 1 pp. 20-51
Book | 2017

The Pitfalls of protection. Gender, violence and power in Afghanistan

Since the 2001 overthrow of the Taliban government in Afghanistan, violence against women has emerged as the single most important issue for Afghan gender politics. The Pitfalls of Protection, based...
Torunn Wimpelmann (2017)
University of California Press
U4 Brief | 2017

Bespoke monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption agencies

Anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) are often considered a last resort against corruption and are expected to solve a problem that other institutions have failed to address effectively or may even be...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:2) 6 p
Journal Article | 2017

Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation?

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop local content policies (LCPs) to increase job and business opportunities for nationals in the...
Abel Kinyondo and Espen Villanger (2017)
Kinyondo and Villanger, 2017. Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation? The Extractive Industries and Society, 4(2), 371-384.
Journal Article | 2017

Tax bargains in unlikely places: The politics of Zambian mining taxes

In developed nations, issues of taxation rank high on the agendas of political parties. In Africa’s new democracies taxation does not figure as a central campaign issue. Lack of attention...
Lise Rakner (2017)
in The Extractive Industries and Society
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Policy Making in the Tanzanian Petro State: Building a Statistical Basis

This paper deals with needs and availability of data, statistics and information in Tanzania. It relates to a five-year (2014–19) research programme on prospects and challenges for the petroleum sector.  The...
Jan Isaksen, Blandina Kilama, Fred Matola (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:5) 53 p.
Sudan Report | 2017

Governance and Fiscal Federalism in Sudan, 1989–2015: Exploring Political and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in an Unstable Polity

This report analyses the implementation and impact of decentralisation in Sudan: To what extent has the efforts to implement decentralisation policies actually devolved power and fiscal resources to sub-national levels,...
Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani, Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:1) 44 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India

Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land...
Hugo Stokke (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Crisis at South Africa’s universities – what are the implications for future cooperation with Norway?

South Africa’s universities have witnessed unprecedented student revolts over the past two years. It began as protests against a rise in tuition fees and calls for removals of symbols of...
Elling N. Tjønneland (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 3) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The Impact of elections: The case of Uganda

The comparative democratization literature is divided on the effects of multiparty elections in non - democratic regimes. Early analyses assumed that elections would lead to democracy, yet more recent studies...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner (2017)
in Johannes Gerschewski, Christoph H. Stefes: Crisis in Autocratic Regimes. Lynne Rienner Publishers pp. 111-134
Journal Article | 2017

Women and legal pluralism: Lessons from indigenous governance systems in the Andes

The shift towards legally plural multicutural and pluri-national citizenship regimes in the Andes formally recognised indigenous peoples' community-based governance systems. These tend to emphasise participation, deliberation and service to the...
Anna Barrera and Rachel Sieder (2017)
in Journal of Latin American Studies vol. 49 no. 3 pp. 633-658
Book Chapter | 2017

The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): A united army for a divided country?

Multi-confessional armies are often seen as being weak and prone to disintegration. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) is a case in point. From its inception it was formed as a...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade: Civil-Military Relations in Lebanon. London: PalgraveMacmillan pp. 1-22