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CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Non-resource taxation in a resource rich setting: A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania

CMI Brief December 2015 Volume 14 No.08 Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Not so great expectations: Gas revenue, corruption and willingness to pay tax in Tanzania

Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. There are high expectations that exploitation of natural resources will substantially increase Tanzania’s national income. This...
Alexander Wright Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cornel Jahari, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Bertil Tungodden (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 4) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Mapping anti-corruption tools in the judicial sector

This U4 study investigates whether and how the judicial sector could benefit from anti-corruption measures that have proved useful in other sectors in improving the quality of the services they...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Victoria Jennett, Philipp Jahn (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:3) 40 p
Report in External Series | 2016

Reality Checks Mozambique 2015. Sub-report, District of Lago

This is the sub-report on Lago for the 5th Reality Check, to be complemented by similar sub-reports from Cuamba and Majune. The focus is on quantitative expressions of poverty and...
Inge Tvedten, Nair Noronha, Barnabé José, Beatri Putile (2016)
Stockholm: Sida (Reality Checks Mozambique 2011-2015)
Report in External Series | 2016

Reality Checks Mozambique. Annual Report 2015. Quantitative Expressions of Poverty and Well-Being 2011-2015

This is the Annual Report for the 5th Reality Check, synthesising the main findings from the sub-reports on Cuamba, Lago and Majune. Fieldwork was carried out in October 2015. The...
Inge Tvedten, Minna Tuominen, Carmeliza Rosario (2016)
Stockholm: Sida (Reality Checks Mozambique 2011-2015)
Journal Article | 2016

Effectiveness of a girls’ empowerment programme on early childbearing, marriage and school dropout among adolescent girls in rural Zambia: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Background: Adolescent pregnancies pose a risk to the young mothers and their babies. In Zambia, 35% of young girls in rural areas have given birth by the age of 18...
Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joseph Zulu, Ecloss Munsaka, Astrid Blystad, Mpundu Makasa, Ottar Mæstad, Bertil Tungodden, Choolwe Jakobs, Linda Milimo Kampata, Knut Fylkesnes, Joar Svanemyr, Karen Marie Moland, Richard Banda, Patrick Musonda (2016)
in Trials vol. 17 no. 588 15 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Business people’s views of paying taxes in Ethiopia

This study examines factors that determine business people’s attitudes towards paying taxes in Ethiopia. Based on data obtained from a survey of business taxpayers in Addis Ababa, the study finds...
Wollela Yesegat; Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2016)
Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (ICTD Working Paper no. 43)
U4 Brief | 2015

Reducing bribery for public services delivered to citizens

The literature on corruption tends to focus on grand corruption for contracts and licenses worth large sums of money. However, 1.6 billion people annually have to pay a petty bribe...
Richard Rose (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2015:11) 6 p
Report in External Series | 2015

On the Way to Good Health? Rural Roads and Morbidity in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates the effects of India’s rural roads program (PMGSY) on morbidity, using data on 279 households drawn from 30 villages in a region of upland Orissa. The households...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2015)
University of Heidelberg. Department of Economics (Discussion Paper Series no. 602)
CMI Working Paper | 2015

Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour

Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:9) 12 p.
CMI Report | 2015

The Situation of Youth and Children in Kibera

This report forms part of a larger study titled Advancing the Rights of Children: Assessing the Effectiveness of Transnational Advocacy Networks for Child Rights. Norwegian-Kenyan Civil Society Partnerships Examined. It was conducted...
Philista Onyango and Arne Tostensen (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:3)
CMI Report | 2015

“Whom the Lord Loveth He Chasteneth”. Corporal Punishment of Children in Kibera

This report forms part of a larger study titled Advancing the Rights of Children: Assessing the Effectiveness of Transnational Advocacy Networks for Child Rights. Norwegian-Kenyan Civil Society Partnerships Examined. It...
Arne Tostensen and Philista Onyango (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:6)
Journal Article | 2015

Education and entrepreneurial success

This paper estimates the effect of education on the success of entrepreneurial activity, using survey data from Malawi. An instrument variable approach is used to address the endogeneity of education....
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2015)
in Small Business Economics vol. 44 no. 4 pp. 783-796
Journal Article | 2015

Entrepreneurial abilities and barriers to microenterprise growth: A case study in Nepal

Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyses how segmentation in the capital and labour markets can act...
Espen Villanger (2015)
in Journal of Entrepreneurship vol. 24 no. 2
Journal Article | 2015

When Do Religious Leaders Support Faith-Based Violence? Evidence from a Survey Poll in South Sudan

Religion has increasingly become important in conflicts worldwide. Religious leaders may play a key role in mobilizing believers as they can call for peace or instigate violence. But what makes...
Matthias Basedau, Carlo Koos (2015)
in Political Research Quarterly vol. 68 no. 4 pp. 760-772
Journal Article | 2015

Human and financial capital for microenterprise development: Evidence from a field and lab experiment

Microenterprises constitute an important source of employment, and developing such enterprises is a key policy concern in most countries. But what is the most efficient tool for microenterprise development? We...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Bertil Tungodden (2015)
in Management science vol. 61 no. 4 pp. 707-722
Report in External Series | 2014

Rural-urban Youth Migration and Informal Self-Employment in Ethiopia

Empirical studies in the migration literature indicate that migration is often welfare improving for the migrant. But it is also possible that youth migrants become more susceptible and less competitive...
Sosina Bezu, Stein Holden (2014)
Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Center for Land Tenure no. 01/2014
Journal Article | 2014

Demand for second-stage land certification in Ethiopia: Evidence from household panel data

Ethiopia has implemented one of the largest, fastest and least expensive land registration and certification reforms in Africa. While there is evidence that this ‘first-stage’ land registration has had positive...
Sosina Bezu, Stein Holden (2014)
in Land Use Policy vol. 41 pp. 193-205
Journal Article | 2014

Understanding Inequalities in Child Health in Ethiopia: Health Achievements Are Improving in the Period 2000– 2011

Objective: In Ethiopia, coverage of key health services is low, and community based services have been implemented to improve access to key services. This study aims to describe and assess the...
Eirin Kruger Skaftun, Merima Ali , Ole Frithjof Norheim (2014)
in Plos one vol. 9 no. 8