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U4 Brief | 2015

Reducing bribery for public services delivered to citizens

The literature on corruption tends to focus on grand corruption for contracts and licenses worth large sums of money. However, 1.6 billion people annually have to pay a petty bribe...
Richard Rose (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2015:11) 6 p
Report in External Series | 2015

On the Way to Good Health? Rural Roads and Morbidity in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates the effects of India’s rural roads program (PMGSY) on morbidity, using data on 279 households drawn from 30 villages in a region of upland Orissa. The households...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2015)
University of Heidelberg. Department of Economics (Discussion Paper Series no. 602)
CMI Working Paper | 2015

Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour

Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:9) 12 p.
CMI Report | 2015

The Situation of Youth and Children in Kibera

This report forms part of a larger study titled Advancing the Rights of Children: Assessing the Effectiveness of Transnational Advocacy Networks for Child Rights. Norwegian-Kenyan Civil Society Partnerships Examined. It was conducted...
Philista Onyango and Arne Tostensen (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:3)
CMI Report | 2015

“Whom the Lord Loveth He Chasteneth”. Corporal Punishment of Children in Kibera

This report forms part of a larger study titled Advancing the Rights of Children: Assessing the Effectiveness of Transnational Advocacy Networks for Child Rights. Norwegian-Kenyan Civil Society Partnerships Examined. It...
Arne Tostensen and Philista Onyango (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:6)
Journal Article | 2015

Education and entrepreneurial success

This paper estimates the effect of education on the success of entrepreneurial activity, using survey data from Malawi. An instrument variable approach is used to address the endogeneity of education....
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2015)
in Small Business Economics vol. 44 no. 4 pp. 783-796
Journal Article | 2015

Entrepreneurial abilities and barriers to microenterprise growth: A case study in Nepal

Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyses how segmentation in the capital and labour markets can act...
Espen Villanger (2015)
in Journal of Entrepreneurship vol. 24 no. 2
Journal Article | 2015

When Do Religious Leaders Support Faith-Based Violence? Evidence from a Survey Poll in South Sudan

Religion has increasingly become important in conflicts worldwide. Religious leaders may play a key role in mobilizing believers as they can call for peace or instigate violence. But what makes...
Matthias Basedau, Carlo Koos (2015)
in Political Research Quarterly vol. 68 no. 4 pp. 760-772
Journal Article | 2015

Human and financial capital for microenterprise development: Evidence from a field and lab experiment

Microenterprises constitute an important source of employment, and developing such enterprises is a key policy concern in most countries. But what is the most efficient tool for microenterprise development? We...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Bertil Tungodden (2015)
in Management science vol. 61 no. 4 pp. 707-722
Report in External Series | 2014

Rural-urban Youth Migration and Informal Self-Employment in Ethiopia

Empirical studies in the migration literature indicate that migration is often welfare improving for the migrant. But it is also possible that youth migrants become more susceptible and less competitive...
Sosina Bezu, Stein Holden (2014)
Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Center for Land Tenure no. 01/2014
Journal Article | 2014

Demand for second-stage land certification in Ethiopia: Evidence from household panel data

Ethiopia has implemented one of the largest, fastest and least expensive land registration and certification reforms in Africa. While there is evidence that this ‘first-stage’ land registration has had positive...
Sosina Bezu, Stein Holden (2014)
in Land Use Policy vol. 41 pp. 193-205
Journal Article | 2014

Understanding Inequalities in Child Health in Ethiopia: Health Achievements Are Improving in the Period 2000– 2011

Objective: In Ethiopia, coverage of key health services is low, and community based services have been implemented to improve access to key services. This study aims to describe and assess the...
Eirin Kruger Skaftun, Merima Ali , Ole Frithjof Norheim (2014)
in Plos one vol. 9 no. 8
Journal Article | 2014

Returns to education among entrepreneurs in Bangladesh

This article estimates returns to education among entrepreneurs in Bangladesh, using unique survey data from 2012. Our main instrument for education is the education of the father of the entrepreneur,...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Khondaker Golam Moazzem (2014)
in Journal of Asian Economics vol. 34 pp. 54-65
Journal Article | 2014

To pay or not to pay? Citizens’ attitudes towards taxation in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa

This paper examines factors that determine citizens’ tax-compliance attitude in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. Using the 2011/2012 Afrobarometer survey data, we find that tax compliance attitude is positively...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2014)
in World Development vol. 64 pp. 828-842
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Ungrateful children: migration intensity and remittances in Nepal

Poverty has declined dramatically in Nepal since the end of the conflict. The sharp increase in revenues primarily comes from remittances. From a household’s perspective, choosing the appropriate number of...
François Libois and Vincent Somville (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:8) 25 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Female empowerment and education of children in Nepal

A family survey was conducted in Nepal to investigate whether female empowerment leads to more education, in particular for girls. The relative economic power of the male and female side...
Magnus Hatlebakk and Yogendra B. Gurung (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:7) 28 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Fertility, household’s size and poverty in Nepal

Population control policies keep on attracting a lot of attention. The main argument in favour of a reduction in fertility rates, is that having more children contributes directly to a...
François Libois and Vincent Somville (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:4) 46 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Violence et déplacement: La crise des réfugiés Syriens au Liban

The Syrian revolt has over the past three years escalated into a massive humanitarian crisis with regional implications. The crisis is consistent with (global) panel data surveys demonstrating the robust...
Are John Knudsen (2014)
in Maghreb-Machrek vol. 218 pp. 29-40
Book Chapter | 2014

Courts, Corruption and Judicial Independence

A well-functioning justice system is crucial to address corruption effectively, which in turn is important for development. But judicial institutions are themselves corruptible. Surveys show that experiences with and perceptions...
Siri Gloppen (2014)
in Tina Søreide, Aled Williams: Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges . Cheltenham and Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
U4 Brief | 2014

Mainstreaming anti-corruption into sectors: Practices in U4 partner agencies

Integrating anti-corruption measures into sector work – known as mainstreaming – receives increased attention from the development community. The benefits of mainstreaming are to consider sector characteristics, produce concrete results,...
Dr. Frédéric Boehm (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2014:3) 4 p.