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Journal Article | 2000

Dilemmas of fiscal decentralisation: A study of local government taxation in Tanzania

Local taxes represent less than 5 percent of total tax revenues in Tanzania. However, the large number of these taxes, together with their unsatisfactory nature, means that their economic, political...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Joseph Semboja (2000)
in Forum for Development Studies vol. 27 no. 1 pp. 7-41
CMI Working Paper | 2000

Taxation, coercion and donors. Local government tax enforcement in Tanzania

This paper presents three propositions about tax collection in local authorities in Tanzania. First, revenue performance depends on the degree of coercion involved in tax enforcement. Second, the extent of...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2000:7)
CMI Working Paper | 2000

Countries in violent conflict and aid strategies: The case of Sri Lanka

In countries with an ongoing violent conflict aid donors are confronted by four sets of issues: How the volume and orientation of the program may influence a peace process; whether...
Arve Ofstad (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2000:18) 18 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2000

The pluralist paradox. The decline of economic interest groups in Zambia in the 1990s

The dilemma facing new democracies attempting to implement political and economic reform simultaneously is that democratisation may undermine economic reform by encouraging political participation and empowering interest groups that are...
Lise Rakner (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2000:3) 21 p.
CMI Report | 2000

Poverty and development in Tanzania: A discussion note

This brief discussion note is focusing on major policy issues confronting Tanzania when aiming at a substantial reduction in poverty level over the next decades. The government has high ambitions...
Alf Morten Jerve, Arve Ofstad (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2000:5) 34 p.
CMI Report | 2000

Civil society in Tanzania

There has been a tremendous growth in non-governmental organisations in Tanzania over the last decades, and with the many reforms presently taking place, the civil society is expected to play...
Siri Lange, Hege Wallevik, Andrew Kiondo (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2000:6) 40 p.
CMI Report | 2000

The role of government in growth and income distribution: The case of Botswana

Botswana has experienced one of the highest growth rates in the world over the past three decades. Growth can, however, be attributed to a long-lived diamond sector boom and the...
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2000:7) 31 p.
CMI Report | 2000

Bangladesh: Severe poverty and a well functioning economy?

The report consists of two parts. Part 1 comprises an assessment and overview of the prevailing macro-economic situation in Bangladesh. With this background, the second part focuses on the way...
Arne Wiig (2000)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2000:8) 65 p.
Report in External Series | 2000

Making government smaller and more efficient: The Botswana case

(Evaluation Report 6/2000)
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås and Abdalla Gergis (2000)
Oslo: MFA 43 p.
Report in External Series | 1999

Taxation, coercion and donors. A study of local government tax enforcement in Tanzania

(Paper prepared for the CMI/ World Bank Conference "Local level institutions: Social capital for development, Bergen, 5-7 May 1999)
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1999)
Bergen
CMI Report | 1999

Local government taxation and tax administration in Tanzania

Local taxes represent less than 5 per cent of total tax revenues in Tanzania. However, the large number of these taxes, together with their unsatisfactory nature, means that their economic,...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Joseph Semboja (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1999:3) 74 p.
CMI Report | 1999

Truth in transition. The role of truth commissions in political transitions in Chile and El Salvador

Truth Commissions are increasingly being used as one mechanism in a broader strategy to consolidate democratic governance following a period of authoritarian rule. However, there has been little research on...
David Gairdner (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1999:8)
CMI Report | 1999

Social Relations of Poverty: A Case-Study from Owambo, Namibia

Evidence from a number of quantitative studies on poverty in Namibia suggests that poverty is widespread, albeit unevenly distributed. The relatively high GDP per capita conceals wide income differentials by...
Inge Tvedten and Selma Nangulah (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1999:5) 59 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

The institutional impact of aid dependence on recipients in Africa

Heavy aid dependence can have significant effects on institutions and governance. In Botswana, Mauritius, Korea and Taiwan, high levels of aid reinforced local capacity, enabling them to 'graduate' from most...
Deborah Bräutigam and Kwesi Botchwey (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:1) 39 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

Controlling fiscal corruption. Theoretical approaches and illustrations from Tanzania

The primary concern of this paper is to discuss the role of various economic factors in explaining corruption in tax administration. The emphasis is on how the incentive structure of...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:6) 35 p.
Journal Article | 1999

Why do farmers expand their land into forests? Theories and evidence from Tanzania

Arild Angelsen et al. (1999)
in Environment and development economics vol. 4 no. 3 pp. 313-331
Journal Article | 1999

Combating corruption: A transparency index for donors?

For decades the international donor community has turned a blind eye to corruption in developing countries. This attitude appears to have changed. There is now a remarkable consensus among aid...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1999)
in Development Today vol. 9 no. 6
Journal Article | 1999

Truth commissions, trials - or nothing? Policy options in democratic transitions

Gross human rights violations have constituted a hotly contested national issue in many recent transitions from authoritarianism to democracy. This article analyses how newly elected democratic governments have dealt with...
Elin Skaar (1999)
in Third World Quarterly vol. 20 no. 6 pp. 1109-1128
CMI Working Paper | 1998

Why people pay taxes. The case of development levy in Tanzania

This study sheds light on some of the factors underlying tax compliance in local authorities in Tanzania with the help of original survey data. We use the experience of the...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1998)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1998:5)
CMI Report | 1998

Criteria for general budget support and general sector support. Report commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

This report assesses a set of criteria for providing development aid in the form of general budget support and sector support. The criteria are suggested by the Norwegian Ministry of...
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås (1998)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1998:6) 32 p.