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CMI Report | 1997

Utdrag av norsk flyktningedebatt 1985-1995. Eit styrande perspektiv?

The report gives an overview of the main trends and changes in Norwegian refugee policy since 1945. The focus is on the more recent Norwegian political debate concerning refugee questions....
Gro Tjore (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1997:2) 102 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Strategisk handelsteori og økonomisk utvikling

This paper gives an overview of theories of strategic trade policies and discusses whether these theories are applicable as development strategies for developing countries. The general answer is no. The...
Arne Wiig (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:14)
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Deforestation: Population or market driven? Different approaches in modelling agricultural expansion

The debate on causes of and remedies for tropical deforestation is often confused because the underlying assumptions of the arguments are not made explicit. This paper compares four different modelling...
Arild Angelsen (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:9)
CMI Report | 1996

Human rights self-monitoring: A proposal for the Northern European democracies

This report recommends that Human Rights in Developing Countries adopt a radically new approach to monitoring human rights. The "old way" is to monitor aid-recipient governments' violations of the human...
Jack Donnelly and Rhoda E. Howard (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1996:3) 27 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Tax evasion and corruption in local governments in Tanzania: Alternative economic approaches

The primary concern of the paper is to discuss the role of various economic factors in explaining the mechanisms and degree of fiscal corruption and tax evasion in local governments...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:14)
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Deforestation and entrpeneurship in the North West Frontier Province, Pakistan

Deforestation is a global environment concern, but the underlying processes vary across regions and countries. In Pakistan the threat to forests and biodiversity does not come primarily from local farmers,...
Are Knudsen (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:11) 16 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Political institutions and economic reform: Zambia and South Africa in comparative context

This paper presents the theoretical and methodological framework of a joint research project by Lise Rakner and Tor Skålnes, "Political Liberalisation and Economic reform in Southern Africa". The project consists...
Lise Rakner and Tor Skålnes (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:5)
Report in External Series | 1996

The political economy of poverty reduction in Kenya

This country study feeds into the work of a Task Force established to assess how Sweden's development assistance, in a more efficient and effective manner, can contribute to the developing...
Arne Tostensen and Gerrishon K. Ikiara (1996)
Stockholm: Sida (Task Force on Poverty Reduction; Working Paper No. 9 no. 9) xxi + 124 p.
CMI Report | 1996

Angola og norsk bistand

Angola is currently passing through a political, economic and social crisis deeper than in most other African countries. The MPLA government and the former rebel movement UNITA signed a peace...
Inge Tvedten (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1996:2) 98 p.
Book Chapter | 1995

From rice to rubber: The economics of shifting cultivation and deforestation in Seberida, Sumatra

(Occasional Paper 1/1995)
Arild Angelsen (1995)
in Ø. Sandebukt (ed.): Management of tropical forests; Towards an integrated perspective. Proceedings from the international symposium on management of rainforest in Asia, Jevnaker, Norway 23-26 March 1994. Oslo: Centre for Development and Environment (SUM),UiO
CMI Report | 1995

Judiciary and good governance in contemporary Tanzania. Problems and prospects

The World Bank identified judiciary among institutions which ran down during centralized governance. The Bank also expressed the need for and willingness to take part in rebuilding these institutions so...
Sufian Hermed Bukurura (1995)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1995:3) 70 p.
CMI Report | 1995

En analyse av årsakene til det diplomatiske bruddet mellom Norge og Kenya i 1990

On 22 October 1990 the Norwegian ambassador to Kenya was summoned to the Kenyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the Kenyan Government had decided to break diplomatic relations with Norway. The...
Hilde Selbervik (1995)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1995:5) 170 p.
Book Chapter | 1995

Ett eller flere partier for Afrika?

This chapter (n Norwegian) argues that hardly any word is as misused as democracy. Very few would be prepared to declare themselves and anti-democrats; the great majority consider themselves adherents...
Arne Tostensen (1995)
in Patrik Ekløf (ed.): Fellesrådets Afrika Årbok '95. Tema: Demokrati i Afrika. Oslo: Fellesrådet for Afrika pp. 77-82
CMI Working Paper | 1994

Shifting cultivation and "deforestation". A study from Sumatra, Indonesia

About half of tropical deforestation is commonly explained by the expansion of traditional agriculture (shifting cultivation). This article first questions the share of responsibly assigned to traditional agriculture. Secondly, a...
Arild Angelsen (1994)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1994:1)
CMI Working Paper | 1994

Shifting cultivation expansion and intensity of production: The open economy case

This paper studies decision making in shifting cultivation, in particular labour inputs, length of rotation or fallow period (intensity of production), and the agricultural frontier (expansion). Analytical models are developed,...
Arild Angelsen (1994)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1994:3)
CMI Working Paper | 1994

Local government and decentralisation in Sub-Saharan Africa. An annotated bibliography

A renewed interest in local government and decentralisation in developing countries has emerged in recent years, and many students now turn to this subject. A substantial literature is already available,...
Kjetil Børhaug (1994)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1994:5) 58 p.
Book Chapter | 1994


The chapter gives a broad overview of the state and trends of human rights in Pakistan up to 1993. It covers both civil and political rights and economic, social and...
Hugo Stokke (1994)
in Peter Baehr et al. (eds.): Human rights in developing countries. Yearbook 1994. Deventer- Boston/ Oslo: Kluwer Law and Tax Public./Nordic Human Rights Pub pp. 287-340
Book Chapter | 1994

Asiatiske identiteter: stat og nasjon i Sørøst Asia

The chapter discusses how the five main countries of Southeast Asia have handled the pressures of rapid economic growth and ethnic relations. Has growth and development contributed towards a greater...
Hugo Stokke and Tor Skålnes (1994)
in Gjerdåker, Svein, Tor Skålnes & Terje Tvedt: Nasjonalstaten under press?. Bergen/ Oslo: CMI/ Cappelen pp. 259-279
CMI Working Paper | 1993

From policy guidelines to problem solving. A critical assessment of the National Conservation Strategies of Botswana and Zambia

This study focuses on the National Conservation Strategies of Botswana and Zambia. The strategies contain detailed elaborations about environmental problems, goals, means and implementation. The implementation of the NCSs depend...
Kjetil Børhaug (1993)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1993:3) 61 p.
Journal Article | 1993

Asias gamle (og unge) drager

Article appraising the growth and development of three countries in the Southeast Asian region: Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia
Hugo Stokke (1993)
in Tidens Tegn vol. 1 no. 1 pp. 36-38