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CMI Report | 1997

Utdrag av norsk flyktningedebatt 1985-1995. Eit styrande perspektiv?

The report gives an overview of the main trends and changes in Norwegian refugee policy since 1945. The focus is on the more recent Norwegian political debate concerning refugee questions....
Gro Tjore (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1997:2) 102 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Fish as a vehicle for economic development in post-indepence Namibia

A key fishery policy issue decided by the new government of Namibia soon after independence in 1990 relates to the division of the total allowable catch for hake between wetfish...
Ussif Rashid Sumaila (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:11) 31 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Strategisk handelsteori og økonomisk utvikling

This paper gives an overview of theories of strategic trade policies and discusses whether these theories are applicable as development strategies for developing countries. The general answer is no. The...
Arne Wiig (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:14)
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Tax evasion and corruption in local governments in Tanzania: Alternative economic approaches

The primary concern of the paper is to discuss the role of various economic factors in explaining the mechanisms and degree of fiscal corruption and tax evasion in local governments...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:14)
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Political institutions and economic reform: Zambia and South Africa in comparative context

This paper presents the theoretical and methodological framework of a joint research project by Lise Rakner and Tor Skålnes, "Political Liberalisation and Economic reform in Southern Africa". The project consists...
Lise Rakner and Tor Skålnes (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:5)
CMI Report | 1996

Human rights self-monitoring: A proposal for the Northern European democracies

This report recommends that Human Rights in Developing Countries adopt a radically new approach to monitoring human rights. The "old way" is to monitor aid-recipient governments' violations of the human...
Jack Donnelly and Rhoda E. Howard (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1996:3) 27 p.
CMI Report | 1996

Angola og norsk bistand

Angola is currently passing through a political, economic and social crisis deeper than in most other African countries. The MPLA government and the former rebel movement UNITA signed a peace...
Inge Tvedten (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1996:2) 98 p.
Report in External Series | 1996

The political economy of poverty reduction in Kenya

This country study feeds into the work of a Task Force established to assess how Sweden's development assistance, in a more efficient and effective manner, can contribute to the developing...
Arne Tostensen and Gerrishon K. Ikiara (1996)
Stockholm: Sida (Task Force on Poverty Reduction; Working Paper No. 9 no. 9) xxi + 124 p.
CMI Report | 1995

Judiciary and good governance in contemporary Tanzania. Problems and prospects

The World Bank identified judiciary among institutions which ran down during centralized governance. The Bank also expressed the need for and willingness to take part in rebuilding these institutions so...
Sufian Hermed Bukurura (1995)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1995:3) 70 p.
CMI Report | 1995

En analyse av årsakene til det diplomatiske bruddet mellom Norge og Kenya i 1990

On 22 October 1990 the Norwegian ambassador to Kenya was summoned to the Kenyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the Kenyan Government had decided to break diplomatic relations with Norway. The...
Hilde Selbervik (1995)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1995:5) 170 p.
Book Chapter | 1995

Ett eller flere partier for Afrika?

This chapter (n Norwegian) argues that hardly any word is as misused as democracy. Very few would be prepared to declare themselves and anti-democrats; the great majority consider themselves adherents...
Arne Tostensen (1995)
in Patrik Ekløf (ed.): Fellesrådets Afrika Årbok '95. Tema: Demokrati i Afrika. Oslo: Fellesrådet for Afrika pp. 77-82
Book Chapter | 1994


The chapter gives a broad overview of the state and trends of human rights in Pakistan up to 1993. It covers both civil and political rights and economic, social and...
Hugo Stokke (1994)
in Peter Baehr et al. (eds.): Human rights in developing countries. Yearbook 1994. Deventer- Boston/ Oslo: Kluwer Law and Tax Public./Nordic Human Rights Pub pp. 287-340
Book Chapter | 1994

Asiatiske identiteter: stat og nasjon i Sørøst Asia

The chapter discusses how the five main countries of Southeast Asia have handled the pressures of rapid economic growth and ethnic relations. Has growth and development contributed towards a greater...
Hugo Stokke and Tor Skålnes (1994)
in Gjerdåker, Svein, Tor Skålnes & Terje Tvedt: Nasjonalstaten under press?. Bergen/ Oslo: CMI/ Cappelen pp. 259-279
CMI Working Paper | 1994

Shifting cultivation and "deforestation". A study from Sumatra, Indonesia

About half of tropical deforestation is commonly explained by the expansion of traditional agriculture (shifting cultivation). This article first questions the share of responsibly assigned to traditional agriculture. Secondly, a...
Arild Angelsen (1994)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1994:1)
CMI Working Paper | 1994

Local government and decentralisation in Sub-Saharan Africa. An annotated bibliography

A renewed interest in local government and decentralisation in developing countries has emerged in recent years, and many students now turn to this subject. A substantial literature is already available,...
Kjetil Børhaug (1994)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1994:5) 58 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1993

From policy guidelines to problem solving. A critical assessment of the National Conservation Strategies of Botswana and Zambia

This study focuses on the National Conservation Strategies of Botswana and Zambia. The strategies contain detailed elaborations about environmental problems, goals, means and implementation. The implementation of the NCSs depend...
Kjetil Børhaug (1993)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1993:3) 61 p.
Book Chapter | 1993


The chapter gives an overview of the state and trends of human rights in Nepal up to 1992. It covers the full range of rights from civil and political rights...
Hugo Stokke (1993)
in Bård-Anders Andreassen & Theresa Swinehart (eds.): Human rights in developing countries. Yearbook 1993. Oslo: Nordic Human Rights Publications pp. 254-303
Journal Article | 1993

Asias gamle (og unge) drager

Article appraising the growth and development of three countries in the Southeast Asian region: Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia
Hugo Stokke (1993)
in Tidens Tegn vol. 1 no. 1 pp. 36-38
Edited Book | 1992

Fishing for Development. Small-Scale Fisheries in Africa

Small-scale or artisanal fishery is a neglected sector in research on African development, despite the fact that fishery is a vital source of protein and income for a large number...
Inge Tvedten and Bjørn Hersoug (eds.) (1992)
Uppsala: The Scandinavia Institute of African Studies 227 p.
CMI Report | 1992

Setting a standard for Africa? Lessons from the 1991 Zambian elections

This report provides an assessment of the transition to a multi-party system of government in Zambia. The first section gives a general background to processes of democratisation in Africa, while...
Bård-Anders Andreassen, Gisela Geisler and Arne Tostensen (1992)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1992:5) 137 p.