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Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
U4 Issue | 2018

Capacity building for the Nigerian Navy: Eyes wide shut on corruption?

Pervasive corruption in the Nigerian maritime security sector facilitates smuggling, piracy and oil theft. Building capacity while ignoring corruption risks making corruption and related crimes worse. The United States Africa...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Sheelagh Brady, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:4)
CMI Brief | 2018

Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story?

The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:08) 6 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Non-formal girls’ life skills programming Implications for policy and practice

Research in developing countries demonstrates the importance of life skills for improving a range of outcomes for adolescent girls. These outcomes include improved psychosocial and mental health (e.g., emotional resilience,...
Christina Kwauk, Amanda Braga, Helyn Kim, Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen (2018)
NW Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution (POLICY BRIEF) 12 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?

The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one...
Sosina Bezu, Espen Villanger, Abel Alfred Kinyondo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:8) 38 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Evaluation of agreement between Norwegian Church Aid and Norad for financial support to Haydom Lutheran Hospital

Executive summary Haydom Lutheran Hospital (HLH) opened in 1955. HLH is owned by the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania (ELCT), Mbulu Synod, but for decades, HLH has relied primarily on financial...
Joar Svanemyr (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:9)
CMI Brief | 2018

An increasing number of Muslim women in politics: A step towards complementarity, not equality

The number of Muslim women participating in political decision-making in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) is on the rise. This brief explores how Islamists in Sudan have interpreted...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:3) 6 p.
Journal Article | 2018

"It's all about money": Urban-rural spaces and relations in Maputo, Mozambique

Within the anthropological urban scholarship on sub-Saharan Africa, there is a shared notion of the continued, and in some cases reemerging, importance of rural spaces, values and relations in cities...
Inge Tvedten (2018)
in Canadian Journal of African Studies
CMI Insight | 2018

Breaking BAD: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa

There is a trend of democratic retrenchment across the African continent. Despite democratic gains in some states, the overall tendency over the past decade has been the erosion of democratic...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:3)
Journal Article | 2018

Recruitment Mechanisms for Reserved Seats for Women in Parliament and Switches to Non-Quota Seats: A Comparative Study of Tanzania and Uganda

Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
in Journal of Modern African Studies
Journal Article | 2018

Caretakers` acceptability of different delivery mechanisms of Post-discharge Malaria Chemoprevention (PMC) in Zomba, Southern Malawi A qualitative study under the GLOBVAC funded Post-discharge Malaria Chemoprevention Delivery (PMC) study

In malaria endemic countries of sub-Saharan Africa, many children develop severe anaemia due to previous and current malaria infections. After blood transfusions and antimalarial treatment at the hospital they are...
Sarah Svege, Blessings N Kaunda, Bjarne Robberstad, Kamija Phiri, Siri Lange (2018)
in BMC Health Services Research vol. 18 no. 544
CMI Brief | 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2018

Unpleasant homecoming: The predicament of returning pastoralists from South Sudan to Aljabalain Area, White Nile State

In many countries around the world (especially in Africa), the livelihood of pastoralists depends largely on trekking over vast areas of land in constant search of water and pasture for...
Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2018:1) 20 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Report in External Series | 2018

Regulatory Burdens in Tax Administration and Firms’ Compliance Costs in Africa

This paper examines the effect of regulatory burdens related to tax administration on firms' compliance costs in Africa. Using cross-country firm-level data, the results show that regulatory burdens related to...
Merima Ali (2018)
ICTD
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Diktatorens lærebok: Kapittelet om Tanzania

Det går utforbakke med demokratiet og rettstaten i Tanzania, skriver professor Lise Rakner. Stormangrepet på alle røster som kunne tenkes å kritiserer regjeringspartiet (CCM) i Tanzania kan så langt i 2018...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bistandsaktuelt 12.11.18
Journal Article | 2018

Rethinking access. Key methodological challenges in studying energy companies.

Understanding the role of large energy corporations in society is a crucial, yet challenging task for the social science of energy. Ethnographic methods hold potential for plying into corporations' own...
Müftüoglu IB, Knudsen S, Dale RF, Eiken O, Rajak D, Lange S (2018)
in Energy Research & Social Science
Journal Article | 2018

Who benefits from increased service utilisation? Examining the distributional effects of payment for performance in Tanzania

Payment for performance (P4P) strategies, which provide financial incentives to health workers and/or facilities for reaching pre-defined performance targets, can improve healthcare utilisation and quality. P4P may also reduce inequalities...
Peter John Binyaruka, Bjarne Robberstad, Gaute Torsvik, Josephine Borghi (2018)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 17:14 pp. 1-16
Book | 2018

Manipulating political decentralisation: Africa's Inclusive Autocrats

Can autocrats establish representative subnational governments? And which strategies of manipulation are available if they would like to reduce the uncertainty caused by introducing political decentralisation? In the wake of...
Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2018)
New York: Routledge (Conceptualising Comparative Politics) 176 p.