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Book Chapter | 2004

Taxation and State Formation in Palestine 1994-2000

This chapter looks at factors constraining the efforts of the Palestinian quasi-state to raise revenues during the period 1994-2000. It is argued that in terms of its achievements, within its...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Adel Zagha (2004)
in Inge Amundsen, Mushtaq Husain Khan and George Giacaman (eds.): State formation in Palestine: Viability and governance during a social transformation. Lond./N.Y.: RoutledgeCurzon pp. 192-214
CMI Working Paper | 2003

The evolution of social norms

Evolutionary game theory provides the tools to analyze which strategies, or patterns of behaviour, emerge over time through a process of adaptation. Social norms can be defined as patterns of behaviour with certain characteristics....
Ivar Kolstad (2003)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2003:1) 13 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2003

The SAPRIN Report: An assessment of the empirical analysis supporting main conclusions

In 1996, the World Bank and a network of non-governmental organizations (SAPRIN) started cooperating on an evaluation of 15 years of structural adjustment programs (SAPs). The background of our paper...
Espen Villanger, Siegfried Pausewang and Alf Morten Jerve (2003)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2003:2) 19 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2003

What has trust got to do with it? Non-payment of service charges in local authorities in South Africa

A major financial problem in many municipalities in South Africa is the inadequate collection of service charges due to widespread non-payment. The prevailing view is that non-compliance is caused by...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2003)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2003:12) 26 p.
Book Chapter | 2001

Aid for human rights and democracy: Challenges of design, management and evaluation

This chapter discusses the difficulties aid agencies encounter when entering the comparatively new and sensitive field of human rights and democracy support. The inadequate methodologies at their disposal in designing,...
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Tostensen (2001)
in Hugo Stokke and Arne Tostensen: Human rights in development. Yearbook 1999/2000. The millennium edition.. The Hague: Kluwer Law International/ Nordic Human Rights Publications pp. 215-237
CMI Report | 1993

A hobbled democracy. The Kenya general elections 1992

On 29 December 1992 the first multi-party elections since 1966 were held in Kenya. This report provides a critical assessment of the circumstances surrounding that event. The irregularities and problems...
Bård-Anders Andreassen, Gisela Geisler and Arne Tostensen (1993)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1993:5) 46 p.
Journal Article | 1993

Fair? What has fairness got to do with it? Vagaries of election observation and democratic standards

Gisela Geisler (1993)
in Journal of Modern African Studies vol. 31 no. 4 pp. 613-637
CMI Report | 1992

Setting a standard for Africa? Lessons from the 1991 Zambian elections

This report provides an assessment of the transition to a multi-party system of government in Zambia. The first section gives a general background to processes of democratisation in Africa, while...
Bård-Anders Andreassen, Gisela Geisler and Arne Tostensen (1992)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1992:5) 137 p.
CMI Report | 1991

Cost-benefit analysis, discounting and the environmental critique: Overloading of the discount rate?

The use of (high) discount rates in cost-benefit analysis is being criticized in the environmental debate. In particular, some feel that high future environmental costs do not get a fair...
Arild Angelsen (1991)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1991:5) 54 p.