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U4 Brief | 2017

Bespoke monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption agencies

Anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) are often considered a last resort against corruption and are expected to solve a problem that other institutions have failed to address effectively or may even be...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:2) 6 p
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India

Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land...
Hugo Stokke (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Property Taxation in Developing Countries

Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution,...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Mobility, Entitlement and Perceptions of Inequality

This paper proposes a model how individuals form beliefs on inequality based on their own and their family’s experience. A person’s income is determined by their effort and family background....
Julia Seiermann (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:2) 24 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2017

Which Grievances Make People Support Violence against the State? Survey Evidence from the Niger Delta

Previous research has established a link between oil production and armed conflict in low- and middle-income countries. Oil-related grievances are viewed as a key variable driving resentment and antistate attitudes....
Carlo Koos (2017)
in International Interactions vol. 44 no. 3 pp. 437-462
Journal Article | 2017

Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania

Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P...
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange (2017)
in Social Science & Medicine vol. 179 pp. 61-73
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalização e Pobreza em Malanje Rural, Angola

Angola rural passou por décadas de provações com a guerra e a marginalização económica – culminando com a actual crise económica. Este resumo diz respeito a dez comunidades rurais na...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

South Sudan “arrivals” in the White Nile State (Sudan). Not citizens, not IDPs, not Refugees: What are they?

This paper discusses the living conditions of the so called “arrivals,”{1} South Sudanese refugees in Sudan, most of whom now reside in the White Nile State (58 %) and in...
Idris Salim ElHassan (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:7) 24 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Pobreza urbana e desigualdade em Luanda, Angola

Este resumo mostra que os pobres da capital angolana Luanda estão, efetivamente, presos numa armadilha da pobreza devido a deficiências materiais e oportunidades limitadas de rendimento. Ao mesmo tempo, os...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Urban poverty and inequality in Luanda, Angola

This brief shows that the poor in Angola’s capital Luanda are effectively trapped in poverty through material deficiencies, limited income opportunities and with crime and prostitution sometimes being the only...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Country Evaluation Brief: Mozambique

FORTY YEARS of Official Development Assistance has contributed to high macroeconomic growth, the development of key national institutions and partial successes in the social sectors, but has failed to contribute...
Inge Tvedten and Aslak Orre (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Country Evaluation Briefs no. 8) 38 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

Comment to CMI insight number 5: Illicit Flows and Trade Misinvoicing: Are we looking under the wrong lamppost?

This is a comment to the CMI Insight number 5, published November 2016. The Insight can be found here.  Comment byMatthew Salomon, 12 October 2016 Senior Economist, Global Financial Integrity Broad response Noting...
Matthew Salomon (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 5) 2 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

The resource bites back: Entry-points for addressing corruption in wildlife crime

Corruption has recently risen up the global wildlife conservation agenda with a series of international agreements highlighting the role of corruption in facilitating wildlife crime. Though there are notable exceptions,...
David Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Dilys Roe (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:2) 25p
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Violência contra a mulher no contexto da pobreza urbana em Angola

A violência contra as mulheres é uma prática generalizada em Angola, pouco se sabendo ainda sobre a perceção que as mulheres têm deste fenómeno e como elas se relacionam com...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.