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Journal Article | 2017

The Absence of Freedom

Central and South Asian brick kilns have long attracted the attention of both humanitarian agencies and scholars as sites of slavery-like forms of labor exploitation. They represent both an important...
Antonio De Lauri (2017)
in Journal of Global Slavery vol. 2 no. 1-2 pp. 122-138
Journal Article | 2017

Tax bargains in unlikely places: The politics of Zambian mining taxes

In developed nations, issues of taxation rank high on the agendas of political parties. In Africa’s new democracies taxation does not figure as a central campaign issue. Lack of attention...
Lise Rakner (2017)
in The Extractive Industries and Society
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom: property taxation in Africa

The growth of Africa’s towns and cities has outpaced local governments’ capacity for service delivery in terms of management, infrastructure, and financing. As a result, many African towns and cities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Tom Goodfellow (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 1) 8 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Crisis at South Africa’s universities – what are the implications for future cooperation with Norway?

South Africa’s universities have witnessed unprecedented student revolts over the past two years. It began as protests against a rise in tuition fees and calls for removals of symbols of...
Elling N. Tjønneland (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 3) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Property Taxation in Developing Countries

Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution,...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

South Africa: Rethinking enforcement narratives

Malcolm Langford, Steven Kahanovitz (2017)
in Malcolm Langford, Cesar Rodriguez-Garavito, Julieta Rossi: Social Rights Judgments and the Politics of Compliance Making It Stick. Cambridge University Press
Book Chapter | 2017

Women’s rights and the women’s movement in Sudan (1952-2014)

Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2017)
in Balghis Badri and Aili Marie Tripp : Women's activism in Africa. Zed books
Book | 2017

Mediatized China-Africa Relations: How Media Discourses Negotiate the Shifting of Global Order

This cutting edge book explores the role of the media in the highly disputed area of China-Africa relations, notably how various aspects of the issue have been portrayed, negotiated and...
Shubo Li (2017)
Palgrave Macmillan 236 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

Governance challenges in Tanzania’s natural gas sector: Unregulated lobbyism and uncoordinated policy

Resource discoveries often result in expectations of rapid growth, but also major concerns for increasing corruption. The resource curse literature puts a strong emphasis on the need to build capable...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Jesper Johnsøn (2017)
in Aled Williams and Philippe le Billon: Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology. Edward Elgar Publishing
Journal Article | 2017

Power calculations and political decentralisation in African post-conflict states

Although many African governments introduced provisions for subnational elections in the early 1990s, there is variation in the extent to which these reforms were implemented and sustained. Our inductive analysis...
Lovise Aalen, Ragnhild Muriaas (2017)
in International Political Science Review
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

Cross-border trade in the war areas of the Sudans: Smuggling or a form of cooperation?

After the war broke out again in the border areas between the Sudans, a trading pattern known earlier as the “peace markets” reemerged. In contrast to previous attempts to use...
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Omer Mohammad Elhassab, Dr. Espen Villanger (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:8) 20 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

The resource bites back: Entry-points for addressing corruption in wildlife crime

Corruption has recently risen up the global wildlife conservation agenda with a series of international agreements highlighting the role of corruption in facilitating wildlife crime. Though there are notable exceptions,...
David Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Dilys Roe (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:2) 25p
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Violência contra a mulher no contexto da pobreza urbana em Angola

A violência contra as mulheres é uma prática generalizada em Angola, pouco se sabendo ainda sobre a perceção que as mulheres têm deste fenómeno e como elas se relacionam com...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2016

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015 (in Arabic)

This is an Arabic translation of the CMI report Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015, published in November 2015.  The English version can be found...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
Edited Book | 2016

Oil States in the New Middle East. Uprisings and stability

Oil has been central to regime survival for oil states across the Arabian Peninsula and has been at the heart of their attempts to defuse the wave of Arab revolutions....
Kjetil Selvik, Bjorn Olav Utvik (2016)
New York: Routledge (Routledge studies in Middle Eastern Democratization and Government)
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

From a Temporary Emergency Shelter to an Urbanized Neighborhood: The Abu Shoak IDP Camp in North Dārfūr

Introduction In early 2003, two rebel movements (the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement) launched an insurgency against the rule in Khartoum. Supported by Janjaweed tribal militias, the...
Dr. Osman Mohamed Osman Ali and Ust. Ali Mohamed Mahmoud (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:3) 14 p.