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Report in External Series | 2014

Costa Rica’s Anti-Corruption Trajectory: Strengths and Limitations

In spite of the economic and social policy successes of Latin America’s longest surviving democracy, corruption has become a major problem shaking Costa Ricans’ confidence in appointed and elected public...
Bruce M. Wilson (2014)
(Work Package: WP3, Corruption and governance improvement in global and continental perspectives. Anti-Corruption Policies Revisited Project. EU/Hertie/GIGA)
CMI Insight | 2014

Fifty years since the military coup: Taking stock of Brazilian democracy

In 1964, a military dictatorship that would last for 21 years was installed in Brazil. After a relatively smooth transition to democracy in 1985, Brazil is today considered one of...
Maria Celina D'Araujo (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy levels, using data from 143 countries. The endogeneity of diversification...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:9) 36 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Latin American Civil-Military Relations in a Historical Perspective: A Literature Review

Civil-military relations constitute a crucial element in the transition to substantive democracy all over the world. During periods of authoritarianism or civil war, the military in Latin America has been...
Elin Skaar with Camila Gianella Malca (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:6) 36 p.
CMI Brief | 2014

One man, one bribe? The effect of democracy on corruption

Quantitative studies show that democracy reduces corruption. This implies that building a well-functioning democracy should remain part of an anti-corruption approach. This policy brief takes a critical look at the...
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 3) 4 p.
Book Review | 2014

Albert W. Dzur: Punishment, participatory democracy & the jury

Roberto Gargarella (2014)
in Crime, Law & Social Change vol. Volume 61 no. Issue 1 pp. 110-111
Book Chapter | 2014

Grabbing an Election: Abuse of State Resources in the 2011 Elections in Uganda

Elections are an integral part of representative democracies. Well functioning elections contribute to democratic accountability and democratic institutions, which in turn contributes to economic and human development too (Acemoglu and...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner (2014)
in Tina Søreide, Aled Williams: Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges. Cheltenham and Northamption (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
Book Chapter | 2014

Juridification and social citizenship: international law, democracy and professional discretion

Henriette Sinding Aasen, Siri Gloppen, Anne-Mette Magnussen, Even Nilssen (2014)
in Henriette Sinding Aasen, Siri Gloppen, Anne-Mette Magnussen, Even Nilssen: Juridification and social citizenship in the welfare state. Edward Elgar Publishing pp. 277-299
Edited Book | 2014

Popular Protest in the New Middle East: Islamism and Post-Islamist Politics

The Arab Spring represents a tectonic shift in Middle East from austere authoritarianism to opening the space for long repressed Islamist movements to seek elected office and political power. Examining...
Are Knudsen and Basem Ezbidi (2014)
I.B. Tauris
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2013

Compromise over land takeover

The Land Acquisition Bill passed by both houses of Parliament awaits presidential nod before it becomes law and replaces the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. Clearly, in a nod to the...
Namita Wahi (2013)
The New Indian Express 11.09
CMI Brief | 2013

Dynasty or democracy? Party politics in Bangladesh

The two major political parties in Bangladesh are dynastic, like other well-known parties in South Asia. Political dynasty means a prominent political family runs the party. This restricts the level...
Inge Amundsen (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 12 no. 6) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Exploring the relationship between democratization and quota policies in Africa

The authors in this special issue on Democratization and Gender Quotas in Africa are in various ways exploring the long-term effects of processes of gendering political institutions through quota adoption....
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. 41 pp. 89-93
CMI Insight | 2013

The Egyptian military in politics and the economy: Recent history and current transition status

The Egyptian military has been playing a decisive role in national politics since the eruption of the 2011 uprisings. The Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) governed the country from February 2011...
Dr. Zeinab Abul-Magd (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight vol. 2013 no. 2) 6 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Making unity unattractive: The conflicting aims of Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement

As pointed out by Roeder and Rothchild (P. G. Roeder and D. Rothchild (eds), Sustainable Peace: Power and Democracy after Civil Wars (New York: Cornell University Press 2005)), a crucial dilemma in...
Lovise Aalen (2013)
in Civil Wars vol. 15 no. 2 pp. 173-191
Journal Article | 2013

Making sense of the Southern African Development Community

SADC has a poor record in advancing peace and security in Southern Africa. Many identify poor policy frameworks and weak technical capacities as the major obstacles. Laurie Nathan goes beyond these easy...
Elling N Tjønneland (2013)
in African Security Review vol. 22 no. 3 pp. 176-182
U4 Practice Insight | 2013

The campaign to promote the African Union Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance: Insights into advocacy on the African continent

This U4 Practice Insight seeks to communicate the experiences and lessons learned by a governance specialist during three years of advocacy work to promote the ratification of the African Union...
Stefan Gilbert (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2013:4) 10 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Law in Afghanistan: A Critique of Post-2001 Recontruction

This article provides a critical reflection on the efforts at legal reconstruction initiated in 2001 by the international community and the Afghan government. Its aim is to highlight some of...
Antonio De Lauri (2013)
in Journal of Critical Globalization Studies vol. 6
Journal Article | 2013

Punishment, Deliberative Democracy & The Jury

Roberto Gargarella (2013)
in Criminal Law & Philosophy (2013)
Book Chapter | 2013

"Transition type"

Elin Skaar (2013)
in Nadya Nedelsky and Lavinia Stan, eds.: Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press vol. 1
Book Chapter | 2013

Brothers in faith: Islamic food activism in Egypt

This is the first book to examine food activism in diverse local, national, and transnational settings, making it essential reading for students and scholars in anthropology and other fields interested...
Nefissa Naguib (2013)
in Carole Counihan and Valeria Siniscalchi: Ethnographies of Food Activism: Agency, Democracy and Economy. Oxford/New York: Bloomsbury