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Angola Brief | 2012

Does diversification improve institutions in resource rich countries?

Angola is the world’s second most concentrated country in terms of exports. Furthermore, concentration has increased during recent years. Angola also faces the challenge of a resource curse prevalent in...
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 5) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Democracy's shortcomings in anti-corruption

Citizens of countries with a corrupt political leadership are trapped in a situation, typically characterized by increasing income differences, human rights violations, dysfunctional democracy, limited press freedom, weak access to...
Tina Søreide (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:10)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2012

Ghana fant olje - kan det gå bra?

(Op-ed.) Ghana found oil in 2011 - in modest quantities. With its good management and good governance, there is reason to believe Ghana will avoid falling into the "resource curse"...
Inge Amundsen (2012)
Bergens Tidende 28.11.2012
Report in External Series | 2012

Who Rules Nigeria?

Nigeria has experienced military coups, a civil war and very poor economic development, and its population is more impoverished today than at independence. Behind this lies the “oil curse”. The...
Inge Amundsen (2012)
Oslo: NOREF - Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Report no. Report November 2012) 7 p.
Commissioned Report | 2012

A way out of violent conflict. The impact of transitional justice on peace and democracy

Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella Malca and Trine Eide (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Commissioned report) 178 p.
Book Chapter | 2012

Human rights, international courts and deliberative democracy

Roberto Gargarella (2012)
in Nicola Palmer, Phil Clark and Danielle Granville, eds.: Critical perspectives in transitional justice. Antwerp: Intersentia pp. 101-118
CMI Brief | 2012

Dealing with a violent past: The impact of transitional justice

This brief assesses the impact of transitional justice mechanisms on peace and democracy. Based on four case studies from Africa and Latin America, it argues that the expected positive effects...
Elin Skaar, Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 5) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2012

The Parliament of Bangladesh. Challenges and Way Forward

In the forty years since independence Bangladesh has rotated between electoral democracy and military rule, and between parliamentary and presidential system of government. The frequent systemic changes have hindered the...
Rounaq Jahan (CPD) (2012)
Dhaka: Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) (CPD-CMI Brief no. 1) 6 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

The Parliament of Bangladesh: Representation and Accountability

The constitution of Bangladesh bestows the parliament with supreme powers in making laws and approving budgets. It is given wide-ranging authority to scrutinise the actions of the executive who remains...
Rounaq Jahan and Inge Amundsen (2012)
Dhaka and Bergen: Center for Policy Dialogue (CPD) and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) (CPD-CMI Working Paper series CPD-CMI WP 2012:2) 69 p.
Journal Article | 2012

If diversification is good, why don't countries diversify more? The political economy of diversification in resource- rich countries

For resource-rich countries, diversification is claimed to represent a strategy for reducing resource curse problems. This, however, depends on whether diversification has a positive effect on the country’s institutions. While...
Arne Wiig and Ivar Kolstad (2012)
in Energy Policy vol. 40 no. 1 pp. 196-203
CMI Working Paper | 2011

Does democracy reduce corruption?

While democracy is commonly believed to reduce corruption, there are obvious endogeneity problems in measuring the impact of democracy on corruption. This paper addresses the endogeneity of democracy by exploiting the common observation...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:4) 29 p.
Master's Thesis | 2011

Living in a material world: Political funding in electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-saharan Africa

This thesis investigates the role of political funding in two electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The issue of political funding has been investigated thoroughly in developed democracies in the...
Svein-Erik Helle (2011)
Master thesis in Comparative Politics. Bergen: University of Bergen. 123 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2011

En nobel kvinnes kamp for demokrati i Jemen

Kvinnelige demokratiforkjempere i den arabiske verden slåss en kamp for frihet på minst to fronter: Frihet fra autoritære regimer og frihet fra patriarkalske menn som mener deres plass er bak...
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Bergens Tidende 09.12.2011
Book Chapter | 2011

In search of the impact of international support for political parties in new democracies: Malawi and Zambia compared

Lise Rakner, Lars G Svåsand (2011)
in Peter Burnell, André W. M. Gerrits: Promoting party politics in emerging democracies. Routledge pp. 186-210
Journal Article | 2011

Institutionalizing the pro-democracy movements: the case of Zambia's movement for multiparty democracy

In this contribution the challenges of political opposition is addressed through a focus on the problems of institutionalizing parties and party systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Challenges of party institutionalization in...
Lise Rakner (2011)
in Democratization vol. 18 no. 5 pp. 1106-1124
CMI Brief | 2011

Democracy matters more than ever: Democracy assistance after the entrance of the "Emerging Southern Powers" in sub-Saharan Africa

Over the last ten years the new “Emerging Southern Powers” – China, India, Brazil and South Africa – have increased their economic and political engagement in Sub-Saharan Africa. They have introduced new...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner, Helge Rønning (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 5) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2011

Reflections: Middle East studies at the barricades - Basic ethnography at the barricades

We did not see them growing up. We did not think these jaded middle-class boys and girls would one day be resilient and hold their ground. We did not realize...
Nefissa Naguib (2011)
in International Journal of Middle East Studies vol. 43 no. 3 p. 383
U4 Issue | 2011

"Milking the system": Fighting the abuse of public resources for re-election

Abuse of state resources for re-election damages democracy creating an unlevel playing field that improves re-election chances of incumbents and negatively influencing the quality of government, since diversion of resources...
Bruno Speck, Alessandra Fontana (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:7) 31 p.
Journal Article | 2011

The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?

Concentration of power in the hands of the executive is one of the key challenges to democratic consolidation in Africa. Since the early 1990s, the African National Congress (ANC) has...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas (2011)
in Democratization vol. 18 no. 5 pp. 1067-1086
Report in External Series | 2011

Review of and recommendations for Norwegian support to good governance in Pakistan

The report introduces a theoretical framework for analysis, and then discusses how Pakistan and Norway define governance and good governance before moving on to a political economy analysis of Pakistan,...
Petter Bauck (Norad, team leader), Arne Strand and Shirin Gul (2011)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Report Discussion no. 12/2011) 84 p.