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Report in External Series | 2003

New challenges for local government revenue enhancement. Formative process research on the local government reform in Tanzania

Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2003)
Dar es Salaam: Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) (Project Brief no. 2)
Report in External Series | 2003

Formative process research on the local government reform programme in Tanzania. Summary of findings

Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Einar Braathen, Amon Chaliga, Siri Lange, Deo Mushi and Erasto Ngalewa (2003)
Dar es Salaam: Tanzania. Presidents Office. Regional Administration and Local Government (Fieldreport no. 1) 15 p.
CMI Report | 2002

Clientelist politics. State formation and corruption in Palestine 1994-2000

The state formation process in Palestine started after the Oslo agreements between Israel and Palestine in 1994, which established a Palestinian quasi-state. The process came, however, to an almost complete...
Inge Amundsen and Basem Ezbidi (2002)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2002:17) 27 p.
CMI Report | 2002

Between Oslo and al-Aqsa. Taxation and state formation in Palestine 1994-2000

The state formation process in Palestine during the period 1994-2000, in contrast to the European experience, was not related to inter-state war but to insurgency against, or negotiation with, Israeli...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Adel Zagha (2002)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2002:13) 42 p.
Journal Article | 2002

Conflict of Interests or Interests in Conflict? Diamonds & War in the DRC

The article explores how the exploitation of mineral resources such as diamonds contributed to prolonging the armed conflict that broke out in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1998. It...
Ingrid Samset (2002)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 29 no. 93/94 pp. 463-480
Journal Article | 2002

Are smart sanctions feasible?

This article reviews the literature on the 'smart sanctions' approach developed in the late 1990s in response to the failure of conventional sanctions and questions the efficacy of this instrument....
Arne Tostensen and Beate Bull (2002)
in World politics vol. 54 no. 3 April pp. 373-403
Book Chapter | 2001

Bolstering human rights by means of 'smart' sanctions?

The contribution reviews the experiences with sanctions, especially during the 'sanctions decade' of the 1990s, and assesses the efficacy and appropriateness of a new variant of this policy instrument -...
Beate Bull and Arne Tostensen (2001)
in Hugo Stokke and Arne Tostensen: Human rights in development. Yearbook 1999/2000. The millennium edition. The Hague: Kluwer Law International/Nordic Human Rights Publications pp. 83-135
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Underdevelopment and labour migration: the contract labour system in Namibia

This volume reproduces, with minor changes, a set of previously published papers on the history of the origins, formation and evolution of the contract labour system in Namibia from first...
Richard Moorsom (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:10)
CMI Report | 1997

Democracy and violence: The Colombian paradox

This study argues that the Colombian paradox between formal democracy and endemic political violence is a direct result of the narrow polity established by elite pacts. Through an analysis of...
Eva Irene Tuft (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1997:1) 122 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Rational choice and the problem of institutions. A discussion of rational choice institutionalism and its application by Robert Bates

The paper discusses and reviews various directions within new institutional economics. A central question of concern is whether theories of institutionalism based within rational choice reasoning provide a theoretical basis...
Lise Rakner (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:6)
CMI Report | 1995

Coconuts and cultivation in the Philippines. A study of social formation in Candelaria, Quezon Province

This study gives a detailed account of coconut cultivation and the social formation of coconut cultivations in a specific locality in the Quezon province on the island of Luzon in...
Guro Skåre (1995)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1995:4) 132 p.
Book Chapter | 1994

Mønsteret rakner- om nasjon og stat i Afrika sør for Sahara

This chapter (in Norwegian) discusses the inherent tension between nations (or ethnic groups) and the modern state formations which in most African cases were superimposed on them after decolonisation. The...
Arne Tostensen (1994)
in Gjerdåker, Svein, Tor Skålnes and Terje Tvedt (eds.): Nasjonalstaten under press?. Bergen/ Oslo: CMI/ Cappelen pp. 237-258
Book Chapter | 1993

The Sri Lanka conflict as mirrored through attributions applied by the elites

Bendigt Olsen (1993)
in Knud S. Larsen: Conflict and social psyology. London: Sage Publications pp. 191-212
CMI Report | 1992

Politics, adminstration and agricultural development. The case of Botswana's Accelcerated Rainfed Arable Programme

This is a case study of a large programme for arable faring in Botswana from 1985 to 1990. The focus is upon the organization of the programme. The study seeks...
Kjetil Børhaug (1992)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1992:2) 158 p.
CMI Report | 1992

The queens' daughters: Prostitutes as an outcast group in colonial India

The report historically traces the social construction of the Indian prostitute, which misrepresented and degraded the imagery of an accomplished courtesan and artistic entertainer to the degraded western image of...
Ratnabali Chatterjee (1992)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1992:8) 34 p.
Journal Article | 1992

Development research in Norway: Retrospect and prospect

This article analyses trends in Norwegian development research since 1975 until today with respect to the number of ongoing projects, institutions and researchers involved, their disciplinary affiliation and geographical orientation....
Arne Tostensen (1992)
in Forum for Development Studies no. 2 pp. 233-256
Edited Book | 1989

Escape from Violence. Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World

The magnitude of refugees movements in the Third World, widely perceived as an unprecedented crisis, has generated widespread concern in the West. This concern reveals itself as an ambiguous mixture...
Aristide R. Zolberg, Astri Suhrke and Sergio Aguayo (1989)
Oxford: Oxford University Press 400 p.