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CMI Brief | Oct 2019

Beyond Islamist Extremism: Women and the Algerian Uprisings of 2019

February 22, 2019, marked a watershed moment in Algeria’s history, and a key moment in the struggle for women’s rights. For the first time since its independence 57 years ago,...
Aili Mari Tripp (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:09) 6 p.
Sudan Brief | Sep 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
CMI Brief | Sep 2019

Turkey’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: The AKP Model

Turkey has become a major global humanitarian actor. They have been widely engaged in Somalia and Syria, Pakistan and Myanmar and hosts the world’s largest number of refugees with more...
Meliha Benli Altunısık (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:08) 5 p.
CMI Brief | Aug 2019

Priorities and challenges of Qatar’s Humanitarian Diplomacy

This Policy Brief analyzes Qatar’s role in Humanitarian Diplomacy. It begins by defining the term Humanitarian Diplomacy and situating Qatar’s interventions within broader trends of humanitarianism in the Gulf sub-region....
Sultan Barakat (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:07) 6 p.
CMI Brief | Jun 2019

The role of ICT in property tax administration: Lessons from Tanzania

A key problem facing revenue administrations in many developing countries is that they operate manual paper-based recording systems. This is particularly the case for property taxation. Revenue leakages are common...
William McCluskey, Chyi-Yun Huang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:06) 4 p.
CMI Insight | Jun 2019

Zambia’s looming debt crisis – is China to blame?

Is China pressuring poor countries with debt? Debt trap diplomacy is a recent term that is used to describe Chinese loans for infrastructure and development in developing countries. Zambia is...
Arve Ofstad, Elling Tjønneland (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2019:01)
CMI Brief | May 2019

The perfect enemy: From migrants to sexual minorities

Why did Poland´s conservative government, the Law and Justice Party, launch an attack on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people (LGBT) as part of their 2019 European...
Siri Gloppen,Lise Rakner (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:05) 4 p.
CMI Brief | May 2019

Petroleum’s potential impact on future state-society relations in Tanzania

Tanzanian citizens continue to have high expectations about the benefits that the country’s emerging petroleum sector will provide them with, yet they possess low knowledge about the sector. Policy makers...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:03) 4 p.
CMI Brief | May 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Mar 2019

Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Lindsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani, Lise Rakner (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:04) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2019

Cursed before production?

Big discoveries of high value natural resources can have negative economic, political, and social effects long before full production of a resource begins. While Tanzania has already experienced some tensions...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:01) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal...
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:07) 6 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Love in Law – The Indian Supreme Court decides in favour of LGBT persons

On 6 September 2018, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a 493-pages-long verdict on LGBT rights and love. “Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India” is arguably one of the most...
Vikram Kolmannskog (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:06) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Comparing urban and rural poverty in Angola

This brief compares living conditions in villages in rural Malanje and shantytowns in urban Luanda and argues that while material poverty is most pronounced in Malanje, disempowerment, vulnerability and the...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro and Eyolf Jul-Larsen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:05) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan

There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:02) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan

Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:03) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Child marriage and education in Eastern Sudan

A new understanding that educating girls' does not constrain their marriage potential is emerging in eastern Sudan. Girls who continue their education and their families are role models who challenge...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief no. 2018:01) 4 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story?

The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:08) 6 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Missing from the picture: Men imprisoned for ‘moral crimes’ in Afghanistan

Recent years have seen sustained focus on the prosecution of Afghan women and girls for ‘moral crimes’ such as adultery and ‘running away’. However, many Afghan men are also charged...
Aziz Hakimi, Torunn Wimpelmann (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:2) 4 p.