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CMI Brief | Dec 2018

Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal...
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:07) 6 p.
CMI Brief | Nov 2018

Love in Law – The Indian Supreme Court decides in favour of LGBT persons

On 6 September 2018, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a 493-pages-long verdict on LGBT rights and love. “Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India” is arguably one of the most...
Vikram Kolmannskog (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:06) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Nov 2018

Comparing urban and rural poverty in Angola

This brief compares living conditions in villages in rural Malanje and shantytowns in urban Luanda and argues that while material poverty is most pronounced in Malanje, disempowerment, vulnerability and the...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro and Eyolf Jul-Larsen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:05) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | Sep 2018

Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan

There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:02) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | Sep 2018

Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan

Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:03) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | Sep 2018

Child marriage and education in Eastern Sudan

A new understanding that educating girls' does not constrain their marriage potential is emerging in eastern Sudan. Girls who continue their education and their families are role models who challenge...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief no. 2018:01) 4 p.
CMI Insight | Aug 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
CMI Brief | Jun 2018

Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story?

The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:08) 6 p.
CMI Insight | Jun 2018

Missing from the picture: Men imprisoned for ‘moral crimes’ in Afghanistan

Recent years have seen sustained focus on the prosecution of Afghan women and girls for ‘moral crimes’ such as adultery and ‘running away’. However, many Afghan men are also charged...
Aziz Hakimi, Torunn Wimpelmann (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Jun 2018

Humanitarian Diplomacy: A New Research Agenda

Improving access to humanitarian aid in conflict and complex emergencies has always been a major concern for policy makers and humanitarian actors. Historically, humanitarianism has been conducted in situations of...
Antonio De Lauri (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:4) 4 p.
CMI Brief | May 2018

An increasing number of Muslim women in politics: A step towards complementarity, not equality

The number of Muslim women participating in political decision-making in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) is on the rise. This brief explores how Islamists in Sudan have interpreted...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:3) 6 p.
CMI Insight | May 2018

Breaking BAD: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa

There is a trend of democratic retrenchment across the African continent. Despite democratic gains in some states, the overall tendency over the past decade has been the erosion of democratic...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:1)
CMI Brief | Apr 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Jan 2018

Strengthening civil society in developing countries? Development aid and Norwegian organisations

Norway channels a large portion of its development aid budget through Norwegian civil society organisations. This also includes disbursements from Norad’s civil society grant for strengthening civil society where more...
Elling N. Tjønneland (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 17 no. 1) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Petroleum populism: How new resource endowments shape voter choices

High-value natural resources can be a political “curse” when political elites use resource revenues to maintain power, subvert democratic rule, and distribute public goods to their supporters. New resource discoveries...
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 11) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania

Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction....
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

“Making money in Angola is about connections, not hard work”

What do the educated future of Angola make of their future in Angola? A recent survey of university students in Angola documents a grave concern about inequality, and strong preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig, Vissolela Chivunda (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 12) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.