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CMI Brief | Jun 2019

The role of ICT in property tax administration: Lessons from Tanzania

A key problem facing revenue administrations in many developing countries is that they operate manual paper-based recording systems. This is particularly the case for property taxation. Revenue leakages are common...
William McCluskey, Chyi-Yun Huang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:06) 4 p.
CMI Insight | Jun 2019

Zambia’s looming debt crisis – is China to blame?

Is China pressuring poor countries with debt? Debt trap diplomacy is a recent term that is used to describe Chinese loans for infrastructure and development in developing countries. Zambia is...
Arve Ofstad, Elling Tjønneland (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2019:01)
CMI Brief | May 2019

The perfect enemy: From migrants to sexual minorities

Why did Poland´s conservative government, the Law and Justice Party, launch an attack on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people (LGBT) as part of their 2019 European...
Siri Gloppen,Lise Rakner (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:05) 4 p.
CMI Brief | May 2019

Petroleum’s potential impact on future state-society relations in Tanzania

Tanzanian citizens continue to have high expectations about the benefits that the country’s emerging petroleum sector will provide them with, yet they possess low knowledge about the sector. Policy makers...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:03) 4 p.
CMI Brief | May 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Mar 2019

Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Lindsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani, Lise Rakner (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:04) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2019

Cursed before production?

Big discoveries of high value natural resources can have negative economic, political, and social effects long before full production of a resource begins. While Tanzania has already experienced some tensions...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:01) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal...
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:07) 6 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Love in Law – The Indian Supreme Court decides in favour of LGBT persons

On 6 September 2018, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a 493-pages-long verdict on LGBT rights and love. “Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India” is arguably one of the most...
Vikram Kolmannskog (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:06) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Comparing urban and rural poverty in Angola

This brief compares living conditions in villages in rural Malanje and shantytowns in urban Luanda and argues that while material poverty is most pronounced in Malanje, disempowerment, vulnerability and the...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro and Eyolf Jul-Larsen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:05) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan

There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:02) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan

Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:03) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Child marriage and education in Eastern Sudan

A new understanding that educating girls' does not constrain their marriage potential is emerging in eastern Sudan. Girls who continue their education and their families are role models who challenge...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief no. 2018:01) 4 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story?

The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:08) 6 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Missing from the picture: Men imprisoned for ‘moral crimes’ in Afghanistan

Recent years have seen sustained focus on the prosecution of Afghan women and girls for ‘moral crimes’ such as adultery and ‘running away’. However, many Afghan men are also charged...
Aziz Hakimi, Torunn Wimpelmann (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Humanitarian Diplomacy: A New Research Agenda

Improving access to humanitarian aid in conflict and complex emergencies has always been a major concern for policy makers and humanitarian actors. Historically, humanitarianism has been conducted in situations of...
Antonio De Lauri (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:4) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

An increasing number of Muslim women in politics: A step towards complementarity, not equality

The number of Muslim women participating in political decision-making in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) is on the rise. This brief explores how Islamists in Sudan have interpreted...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:3) 6 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Breaking BAD: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa

There is a trend of democratic retrenchment across the African continent. Despite democratic gains in some states, the overall tendency over the past decade has been the erosion of democratic...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:3)
CMI Brief | 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.