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U4 Issue | 2018

Improving coherence in the illicit financial flows agenda

The illicit financial flows (IFF) agenda has momentum, but weaknesses remain in its foundations, with the definition, measurement, and estimation of IFF, especially as these apply to country level studies....
Alex Erskine, Fredrik Eriksson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:8)
U4 Brief | 2018

The Mozambique hidden loans case: An opportunity for donors to demonstrate anti-corruption commitment

When the Mozambican government issued guarantees for over 1 billion US$ - ignoring their own oversight mechanisms and lending rules - they ended up in public debt distress. Donors have...
David Aled Williams (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:6)
U4 Brief | 2018

The promise and perils of data for anti-corruption efforts in international development work

Big and open data sources can empower development practitioners and aid recipients to reduce the harmful effects of corruption in development. Data on public procurement, campaign contributions, asset disclosure and...
Daniel Berliner, Kendra Dupuy (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:7)
U4 Issue | 2018

Anti-corruption through a social norms lens

A social norms approach can help practitioners design effective anti-corruption reforms. Social norms in communities, families, and organisations help explain why corruption persists. The threat of social sanctions for norm...
David Jackson, Nils Köbis (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:7)
U4 Brief | 2018

Promoting global health through clinical trial transparency. Prevent research waste and grand corruption

The current lack of transparency in clinical trials threatens progress on the Sustainable Development Goals' health objectives. Unreported and misreported clinical trial outcomes result in the misallocation of public health...
Till Bruckner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:5)
U4 Brief | 2018

Harnessing the power of communities against corruption. A framework for contextualising social accountability

Ignorance, apathy and disempowerment are recurring drivers of impunity. Social accountability, on its part, aims to empower citizens with information and provide effective channels through which to exercise agency. For...
Claudia Baez Camargo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:4)
U4 Issue | 2018

Promoting electoral integrity through aid: Analysis and advice for donors

Despite increased donor spending on electoral integrity, elections in democratising countries often suffer from irregularities, intimidation, and corruption. Based on an analysis of new indicators, we suggest that practitioners should...
Luca J. Uberti , David Jackson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:5)
U4 Issue | 2018

Capacity building for the Nigerian Navy: Eyes wide shut on corruption?

Pervasive corruption in the Nigerian maritime security sector facilitates smuggling, piracy and oil theft. Building capacity while ignoring corruption risks making corruption and related crimes worse. The United States Africa...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Sheelagh Brady, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:4)
U4 Issue | 2018

The cognitive psychology of corruption. Micro-level explanations for unethical behaviour

Traditional theories of corruption often make assumptions about motivations that may not necessarily be valid. We explored the power of an alternative theoretical paradigm to explain corrupt behaviour: cognitive psychology....
Kendra Dupuy, Siri Neset (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:2)
U4 Issue | 2018

Engaging customary authority in community-driven development to reduce corruption risks

Customary authority can provide a source of resistance to corruption and capture of resources in community-driven development ? but it can also be part of those problems. How to know...
Jennifer Murtazashvili , David Jackson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:3)
U4 Brief | 2018

Close the political gender gap to reduce corruption. How women's political agenda and risk aversion restricts corrupt behaviour

Including women in local councils is strongly negatively associated with the prevalence of both petty and grand forms of corruption. This reduction in corruption is primarily experienced among women. A...
Monika Bauhr, Nicholas Charron, Lena Wängnerud (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:3)
U4 Brief | 2018

Corruption and the city: How aid donors can support integrity building in urban spaces

More than half of the world's population live in urban areas. The policies and practices of municipal governments are therefore an integral determinant of the extent to which the Sustainable...
David Aled Williams, Kendra Dupuy (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:2)
U4 Issue | 2018

Exploring the role of digital civil society portals in improving Right to Information regimes

Over the past two decades, advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have transformed the way people access and interact with the information that governments produce and hold. The development...
Silvana Fumega, Fabrizio Scrollini (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:1)
U4 Brief | 2018

Corruption and migrant returns. Managing risk in assisted return programmes

To incentivise the return of rejected asylum-seekers and irregular migrants, most European states support Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration programmes. Corruption impacts these programmes? performance. However, corruption control measures can...
Erlend Paasche (2018)
Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:1)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2017

Prosecuting corruption across borders: Eurojust – Interview with Maria Schnebli

For fifteen years, Eurojust’s operational focus has been set by the European Commission’s Agendas on Security and Migration: treating terrorism, illegal immigrant smuggling and cybercrime as priorities. Corruption cases, which...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2017:3)
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Brief | 2017

Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has...
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:5) 6 p
U4 Issue | 2017

Lobbying: the preconditions of an anti-corruption promise

Can lobbying be a realistic and legitimate alternative to corruption in less developed countries? This paper addresses this question by: (1) delineating the differences and similarities between lobbying and corruption;...
Anthony Nownes (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:8) 28 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Corruption in community-driven development. A Kenyan case study with insights from Indonesia

Abstract Community-driven development is a widely employed development strategy for empowering people to choose their own development priorities, to select their own project leaders, and to monitor the implementation of their...
Jean Ensminger (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:9) 60 p
U4 Issue | 2017

Shadow Value Chains: Tracing the link between corruption, illicit activity and lootable natural resources from West Africa

Illicit natural resource trade continues to benefit corrupt officials, criminal and terrorist networks and to divert resources away from development, security and the common good in West Africa. How are...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Mats Stridsman (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:7) 80 p.