Afghanistan: Peacebuilding
Afghanistan: Peacebuilding
Afghanistan: Peacebuilding


Non governmental organisations (NGOs) have played an important humanitarian role in Afghanistan and in support of Afghan refugees since 1979. By November 2003 more than 1600 NGOs were registered with the Ministry of Planning. The ATA has defined NGOs as part of the private sector and regards them as very important for provision of emergency assistance, rehabilitation efforts and capacity building for longer term development of Afghanistan.

The majority of the NGOs are Afghan ones, but the largest programmes are implemented by international or multinational ones. Most NGOs are involved in provision of emergency relief and in running of health, education and agricultural programmes. There are, moreover, a few NGOs that have involved themselves in peace building, human rights and advocacy work. The latter includes civic education for the Constitutional Loya Jirga and the election process.

There are 4 NGO coordinating bodies, being the Afghan NGOs Coordination Bureau (ANCB), Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR), Islamic Coordination Council (ICC) and the South West Afghanistan and Baluchistan Association for Coordination (SWABAC). Of these, only ACBAR has a formalised collaboration with UNAMA while the others have established links with ATA or local authorities.

In addition to the NGOs the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent and the Afghan Red Crescent are in involved in a range of protection issues, as mandated for ICRC by the Geneva convention, and rehabilitation and development programmes.

Coordinating bodies:

  • ANCB

NGOs and NGO overviews:

  • Action Aid
  • Afghan Aid
  • AREU (NGO overview)
  • CARE
  • ICRC
  • IFRC
  • IRC
  • MSF
  • SCA
  • SCF(US)