Angola is a country of great natural and cultural diversity. The country’s natural resource endowment is outstanding in Africa, and economic growth has accelerated since 2002 – yet most Angolans have never been able to reap its benefits. Angola’s human development indicators are persistently low nearly a decade after the end of the war. Available information indicates that the maternity-related death rate and mother-child health statistics remain among the worst in the world. Poverty and its related complex of problems are widespread, and gross inequality is a chronic feature of the country’s social characteristics and visual appearance. Images of the “resource curse” or “the paradox of plenty” are often invoked when describing Angola.

Politics in Angola were long characterised by the rivalry between the MPLA government and Unita’s forces. Although Unita dominated and controlled large tracts of the land during much of the war; it was always the MPLA party which kept power in Luanda since independence. President José Eduardo dos Santos has been in power since 1979. He has therefore overseen the transformation of Angola, from the early post-colonial days into a Cuban and Soviet-inspired one-party state and command economy, then into a multi-party democracy under a nominally liberal constitution with a free market capitalist ethos. Despite these dramatic changes the power of the ruling party has been a constant. The economic and state-sector elites are also strongly associated with the ruling party.

The CMI-CEIC research programme seeks to address social, political and economic challenges:


The non-oil tax reform in Angola: On track or losing momentum?

In spite of the rhetoric of modern tax reform characterised by simplification, participation and predictability, the actual reform process appears indecisive and non-transparent. Read more

Was the Crisis in Angola a Wakeup Call?

it is time for Angola to move from a haphazard approach to reconstruction to a transparent, accountable and efficient development paradigm. Read more

Public Construction Projects - Angola. A need for fortifying the barriers against corruption

What we question in this brief is the degree to which the people and the government receive 'value for money' from these investments. Read more

Why collect local taxes in oil rich Angola? ... and the challenges of doing so

This brief addresses some of the institutional and political challenges of local taxation in Angola. It argues that tax reform should include real political and administrative decentralisation. Read more

MODUCAN - a macro-economic model for Angola

The construction of a macroeconomic model for Angola has proved both challenging and rewarding Read more

Developing Angola's Infrastructure: What is SADC's role?

The paper identifies key projects involving Angola and highlights future challenges. The focus of the paper is on energy, transport and water. Read more

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Participating institutions


Decentralisation and Local Government in Angola

On Angola:

Avoiding Africa's Oil Curse. What East Africa Can Learn From Past Booms

22 Apr 2014 Foreign Affairs

East Africa is the global oil and gas industry's hottest frontier. Barely a month goes by, it seems, ...

Angola Growth Targets Delay Tax Reform: Michelsen Institute

27 Mar 2014 Bloomberg Business Week

Planned tax changes in Angola, Africa's second-largest oil producer, are hindered by inaccurate budget ...

IMF Executive Board Concludes the Second Post-Program Monitoring with Angola

19 Mar 2014 International Monetary Fund (IMF)

On March 5, 2014, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) concluded the Second ...

News from selected sources:

Visa System to Angola in Brazil to be modernized

1 Dec 2015 Angop - Politics

Brasilia - The Visa Issuing System in consular posts of Angola in Brazil will meet a new process in ...

Luanda hosts SADC financial Institutions Forum

1 Dec 2015 Angop - Economy

Luanda - Angolan capital, Luanda, will host on 3-4 December a forum of the financial institutions of ...

CFL Board of directors to make company viable and profitable

1 Dec 2015 Angop - Transport

Luanda - The chairperson of the Board of Directors of Luanda Railways- Celso Rosa, said Tuesday in Luanda ...

Angola attends meeting on education in Abidjan

1 Dec 2015 Angop - Education

Luanda - The Republic of Angola participates from Thursday at the 42nd Session of the Steering Committee ...

Cabinda: Over thousand cases of HIV/AIDS reported

1 Dec 2015 Angop - Health

Cabinda - At least 1,517 cases of HIV/AIDS were reported from 97,721 individuals tested against the ...

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