natural resources, corruption, oil, Nigeria, natural resource management, political corruption
Countries and regions:
Alexandra Gillies (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:2) 4 p.
Oil dominates the Nigerian economy and generates the vast majority of government revenues. At the same time, Nigeria is perceived as one of the world's most corrupt countries, and significant levels of corruption are said to exist within its oil sector. The complex and largely opaque operations of the oil industry make it difficult to establish exactly how, when and to what extent corruption takes place. This U4 Brief attempts to shed light on how public sector institutions governing the Nigerian oil sector permit the existence of corruption. Six areas of corruption risk are addressed: the awarding of licenses; the awarding of contracts; bottlenecks and inefficiencies; the role of bunkering; the exportation of crude; and importing refined products. The Brief is the first in a two-part series, the second of which addresses policies and programs that aim to stem corrupt practices in the Nigerian oil sector.
Inge Amundsen (2012) Oslo: NOREF - Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Report no. Report November 2012) 7 p.
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Kari Heggstad (2012) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:6) 38 p.
Elling N. Tjønneland (co-author) (2011) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (forthcoming) in Journal of Socio-Economics
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (forthcoming) in Journal of International Development
Farouk Al-Kasim, Tina Søreide, Aled Williams (2013) in Energy Policy
Alex Gboyega, Tina Søreide, G.P Shukla and Tuan Minh Le (2011) Washington DC. : World Bank (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 5779 )
Inge Amundsen (2010) Oslo: Norad (Norad Report Discussion no. 17/2010) 74 p.
Alexandra Gillies (2009) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:6) 4 p.
Corruption in land administration: Roles for donors to minimise the problem
Liam Wren-Lewis (2013)
Tackling shell companies: Limiting the opportunities to hide proceeds of corruption
Jason Sharman (2012)
Illicit financial flows and measures to counter them: An introduction
Alessandra Fontana, Martin Hearson (2012)
Implementing the illicit financial flows agenda: Perspectives from developing countries
Alessandra Fontana, Kjetil Hansen-Shino (2012)