Research for Development and Justice


Mozambique, Gender, Poverty

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Gender Policies and Feminisation of Poverty in Mozambique

Inge Tvedten, Margarida Paulo, Georgina Montserrat (2008)

Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2008: 13) 66 p.

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Portuguese version: Políticas de Género e Feminização da Pobreza em Moçambique

This study is the first in a series of three on gender policies and feminisation of poverty in Mozambique, to be carried out in the period 2008-2010. The studies combine a critical assessment of current government and donor policies, with an assessment of the thesis of a feminisation of poverty in the country. Our main argument in this report is that the recent ‘streamlining' or ‘essentialisation' of gender policies, largely pushed by international agendas, implies the risk of designing policies that do not relate to national economic and socio-cultural realities. Gender relations are essentially socially constituted, and will be perceived differently and have different expressions in different socio-cultural settings. Moreover, while differences in material conditions of income and assets between men and women is an important part of the ongoing feminisation of poverty in Mozambique, it also involves questions around voicelessness and powerlessness in relation to institutions of society and the state, vulnerability to adverse shocks, and the ability to cope with these through social relationships and legal institutions.


Gender Policies and Feminisation of Poverty in Mozambique (2008-2010)
Start: Dec. 2007 (Completed)
Keywords: Mozambique, Gender, Poverty
Geography: Mozambique

Publications with same geographic focus:

Publications within same theme:

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Ansar al-Sunna and Women’s Agency in Sudan: A Salafi Approach to Empowerment through Gender Segregation

Liv Tønnessen (2016) in Frontiers: A Journal of Women's Studies

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Women’s Rights and the Women’s Movement in Sudan (1952-2014): Focus and Strategies for Adopting Legal Feminist Action

Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2016) in Women Mobilizing in Africa edited by Aili Marie Tripp and Balghis Badri (Zed Press)

Book Chapter

Substantive Representation in Africa: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reforms in Morocco, South Africa, and Uganda

Ragnhild Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen and Vibeke Wang (2016) in Gendered Citizenship: The Politics of Representation edited by Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (Palgrave Macmillan)

Publications with similar keywords:

CMI Brief

Gender and poverty in Mozambique

Inge Tvedten et al. (2010) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 6) 4 p.


Inge Tvedten

Anthropologist with a particular interest in the development and application of systems of poverty analysis and monitoring.

By the same author:

'Xiculungo' revisited: Assessing the implications of PARPA II in Maputo 2007-2010
Margarida Paulo, Carmeliza Rosário, Inge Tvedten (2011)

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