Research for Development and Justice

The Politics of Violence and Security

Food security, food riots, food conflict, Arab Spring

Countries and regions:
Sudan, Egypt

Food securities and social conflict

Johan Helland,Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014)

Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2014:01) 25 p.

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Following rising food prices violent ‘food riots’ took place in about 40 countries
around the globe in 2007-2008. These developments have led to renewed interest
among both scholars and policymakers in the role of food insecurity and foodprice
related grievances as catalysts for conflict.This report, which is based on a
desk review of current literature, discusses the relationship between failing food
security and social unrest. It also provides a summary of developments related to
global and local food security that have made the issue increasingly relevant and

A growing body of research makes both direct and indirect links between food
insecurity and conflict. Based on the review of literature as well as analysis of
case material from the Middle East (Arab Spring) and Sahel (Sudan), one important
conclusion to be drawn is that civil conflict is rarely grounded in single grievances
or simple causes but commonly represents the accumulation of a complex set of
interrelated factors.

Publications with same geographic focus:

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Ansar al-Sunna and Women’s Agency in Sudan: A Salafi Approach to Empowerment through Gender Segregation

Liv Tønnessen (forthcoming) in Frontiers: A Journal of Women's Studies

Publications within same theme:

Edited Book

Palestinian refugees: Identity, space and place in the Levant (Arabic edition)

Jaber Suleiman, Are Knudsen and Sari Hanafi (2015) Doha, Qatar: The Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

One step forward and many to the side: combating gender violence in Afghanistan, 2001-2014

Torunn Wimpelmann (2015) in Women's Studies International Forum

Publications with similar keywords:

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

The compassionate Brother: A note on Islamic food activism.

Nefissa Naguib (2013) in Food, Culture & Society vol. no. Issue 3

CMI Brief

Why hungry Guatemalans don't claim their food rights in court

Lene Chr. M. Brandt (2011) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 13) 4 p.

Master's Thesis

Enough food is not enough - Litigation as a strategy to secure the right to food

Lene Chr. M. Brandt (2011) Master thesis in Comparative Politics. Bergen: University of Bergen 106 p.


Johan Helland

Social anthropologist with extensive experience from developmental research, consultancy and administrative work in Eastern and North-eastern Africa.

Gunnar M. Sørbø

Anthropologist focusing on development; conflict and peacebuilding; social impact assessment (incl. resettlement); agricultural and pastoral systems; and regional analysis and economic adaptations.

By the same author:

Return to war in South Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014)

Sudan Divided: Continuing Conflict in a Contested State
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2013)

Justice by Default? Dealing with Accountability Issues in Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar Ahmad (2013)

En politisk løsning for Mali
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2013)

Domstol i hardt vær
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2013)

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