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Dr. Liv Tønnessen

Senior Researcher

E-mail: liv.tonnessen@cmi.no

Phone: +47 47938021

Mob: +47 90224104

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Tønnessen is a political scientist with a PhD from the University of Bergen. She has a long standing experience and expertise in work on women’s rights and Islam with a track record from the Middle East and Northern Africa with long term stays in Sudan, Lebanon and Syria. She has conducted extensive fieldwork in Sudan, including teaching at Ahfad University for Women.

She has published international peer reviewed articles with publishers like Duke University Press, Routledge, Brill, Oxford University Press, and Taylor Francis on women’s rights and activism, women’s political rights/representation, women and resolution 1325, violence against women and Islamic law reform.

 

Liv Tønnessen's publications in Cristin

Journal Articles

When Rape Becomes Politics: Negotiating Islamic Law Reform in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. 44 pp. 145-153

Exploring the relationship between democratization and quota policies in Africa
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. 41 pp. 89-93

The Women's Quota in Conflict Ridden Sudan: Ideological Battles for and against Gender Equality
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. Volume 41 no. Part 2 pp. 122-131

Nye utfordringer til islamsk feminisme: Kvinneaktivismens mange ansikter i Sudan og Iran
Marianne Bøe and Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning vol. 4 no. 4 pp. 327-342

Beyond numbers? Women's 25% parliamentary quota in post-conflict Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Journal of Peace, Conflict and Development vol. 17 pp. 43-62

Feminist interlegalities and gender justice in Sudan: The debate on CEDAW and Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Religion and Human Rights: An International Journal vol. 6 no. 1, pp. 25-39

Is Islam a threshold for escape or an insurmountable barrier? Women bargaining with patriarchy in post-Islamist Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
in Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East vol. 30 no. 3. pp.583-594

Democratizing Islam and Islamizing democracy: An inquiry into Hasan al-Turabi's conception of Shura in light of Western democratic theory
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol.27 no.3 pp. 313-329

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Debates on Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum
Liv Tønnessen (2008)
in Journal of North African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 455-469

Islamisme og demokrati hånd i hånd
Liv Tønnessen (2005)
in Babylon: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier vol. 3 no. 2 pp. 116-123

Book Chapters

Introduction: Gendering the Arab spring: Religion, Citizenship and Democracy
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Heidi Moksnes and Mia Melin: Faith in Civil Society. Religious Actors as Drivers of Change.. Uppsala: Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development

Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Sigrun Johnstad: Afrikas 99%. Økonomisk vekst, ulikhet og protest. Oslo: Fellesrådet for Afrika, Solidaritet Forlag

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Rachel Sieder and John McNeish: Gender Justice and Legal Pluralities: Latin American and African Perspectives. New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Hasan al-Turabi
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Natana J.DeLong-Bas, Asma Afsaruddin, Heba Raouf Ezzat and Hibba Abugideiri : The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women . Oxford: Oxford University Press

Al-Banna, Hasan
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
in John Esposito: Encyclopedia of the Islamic world. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press

Reports

Complex realities and astute actors: Sudanese women's activism and UN Security Council Resolution 1325
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Center (NOREF) (Expert comments)

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)

Sudan country case study: Child rights
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Sida (UTV Working Paper no. 2011:3) (Commissioned by Norad and Sida)

CMI Reports

The Politics of Women's Representation in Sudan: Debating Women's Rights in Islam from the Elites to the Grassroots
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010: 2) 46 p.

Discrimination in the Name of Religious Freedom: The Rights of Women and Non-Muslims after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Anne Sofie Roald (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007: 5) 50 p.

CMI Briefs

Marriage is Politics: Prospects for Women's Equality after the Arab Spring
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight vol. 2013 no. 1) 4 p.

The Paradox of Representation in Sudan: Muslim Women's Diverging Agendas
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 1) 4 p.

Competing Perceptions of Women's Civil Rights in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 4) 4 p.

Theses

The many faces of political Islam in Sudan: Muslim women's activism for and against the state
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Bergen: University of Bergen 344 p.

Islamism and Democracy: An Inquiry into the Political Thought of the Sudanese Islamist Hassan al-Turabi
Liv Tønnessen (2005)
Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Cand. Polit. Degree. Bergen: Department of Comparative Politics. University of Bergen 159 p.

Other External Publications

Law Reform in Post-Conflict Sudan: Are Female Members of the National Assembly Acting in the Interest of Sudanese Women?
Liv Tønnessen (forthcoming)
in The Ahfad Journal:Women and Change

Kvinnekamp og kongemakt i Marokko
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
in Røyst: Politikk og tankeleik på venstresida vol. 1 no. 1

Conference Papers/ Presentations

The Politics of Salafism in Sudan: Women’s Empowerment through Gender Segregation?
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES)

Criminal Law Reform in Sudan. Between Sharia and Human Rights
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES)

When Rape Becomes Politics: Negotiating Islamic Law Reform in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: Law and Society Association: Law and Inequalities: Global and Local

The History of the Women's Movement in Sudan
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: AFRICAN WOMEN LEADING TRANSFORMATION ",Ahfad University for Women , Sudan, 3-4 March 2014

Family Law Reform in Post-Conflict Sudan: Competing Claims for Gender Justice between Sharia and Women's Human Rights
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: Regime Change and the Participation of Women in Decision-Making" 7-8 of December 2013, Center for Arab Women forTraining and Research, Tunisia

Between Sharia and Human Rights: Sudanese Women's Strategies for Criminal Law Reform
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: Ida Blom conference, October 14 and 15 2013

Women's Sexual and reproductive rights in Sudan: Rape, early marriage and Female Genital Mutilation: What's Islam got to do with it?
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: The Legal Battlefield of Sexual and Reproductive Rights: Drivers, Dynamics and Health Consequences? at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, September 22, 2013.

Debates about criminal law in Sudan and family law in Tunisia
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Islamic and Muslim law: Perspectives, 30-31 August 2012, Center for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Bergen

Women's political representation
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Conference on Women in Public Life at Center for Women's Studies, at Jordan University in Amman, Jordan, November 25-28, 2012.

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: American Anthropology Association, November 14-18 2012 in San Fransisco

Women's 25% parliamentary quota in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2012)
Presented at: Democratization and quota policies in Africa

Civil society and the armed forces
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Agents or Guardians:Military-civilian relations in Latin America and the Middle East

Gendering the Arab Spring: Religion, Citizenship and Democracy
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Faith in Civil Society. Religious Actors as Drivers of Change April 24-25

Islam and State in Moderation? Post-Islamism in Sudan (1989-2011)
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Sudan workshop, Chr. Michelsen Institutt (CMI), 16th and 17th of January 2012

Research on Islam and MENA in Norway
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Presented at: Center for Middle Eastern and North African Politics, Freie University, Berlin October 6-8, 2011

Islamic feminism in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Presented at: Women's Worlds 2011: Inclusions, Exclusions, Seclusions: Living in a Globalized World. 3-7 july, University of Ottawa, Canada

Gender politics in post-CPA Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Presented at: Insitute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter

The Failure of the civilizational project? The politics of everyday islamic feminism in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Presented at: European University Institute, 12th mediterranean research Meeting, April 6-9, 2011 Italy

The politics of everyday persistent practices: Muslim women resisting the islamist state in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Presented at: The annual Norwegian political science conference

Feminist Interlegalities and Gender Justice in Sudan: The Debate on CEDAW and Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: Nordic Middle East Conference

Is Islam a Threshold for Escape or an Insurmountable Barrier? Muslim Women in Post-Islamist Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: World Congress for Middle East Studies, Barcelona Spain

Bargaining with patriarchy in Sudan: The art of reimagining Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: Transnational/Global Feminism: Issues, Contestations, Challenges

The Moderation of the Islamist Movement in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: The annual norwegian political science conference

Power and the Gendered Interview: Bargaining with Patriarchy
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Presented at: Sharia and Human Rights

Bargaining with Patriarchy in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Presented at: Islamic Resurgence in the Age of Globalization:

The Moderation of Islamist Movements
Liv Tønnessen (2008)
Presented at: Nordic Middle East Society, seminar in Cairo and Alexandria, June 2008

The Myth of a Reformist? Hassan al-Turabi and Women's Civil Rights within the Islamic Family Law in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: The seventh Nordic conference on Middle East Studies in Helsinki,Finland 21-23 September 2007 "The Middle East: Diversity - Variation - Interpretation

Equal before Allah and Unequal befor Man? Hassan al-Turabi and Women's Rights in Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: PhD Course/Seminar in Conceptions of Islam

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Interpretations of Women's Civil Rights within the Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum.
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: Plural Legalities Workshop

Hassan al-Turabi's Search for Islamist Democracy
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Presented at: NFU, Oslo

A Religious Belief in Democracy: -Hassan al-Turabi's Reinvention of Shura
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Presented at: Den Nasjonale Fagkonferansen i Statsvitenskap, Bergen, 2006

Newspaper Op-Eds

Å være sin mann lydig
Liv Tønnessen og Ragnhild Muriaas (2013)
Bergens Tidende October 19 2013

En arabisk vår i Sudan?
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Dagbladet 15.08.12

En nobel kvinnes kamp for demokrati i Jemen
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Bergens Tidende 09.12.2011

Fredsnasjon med fremmedfrykt II
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Dagbladet 02.08.2009

Kleskamp i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Dagbladet 30.08.2009

Oppskriften på kvinnefrigjøring i Islam
Marianne Bøe og Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Dagens Næringsliv 17.07.09

Fredsnasjon med fremmedfrykt
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Dagbladet 13.07.2009

En mørk og skummel ideologi
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Bergens Tidende 09.05.2009

Krig redder kvinnene?
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Aftenposten 8.12.2007

Blindt fokus på Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Bergens Tidende 16.11.2007

Minoriteter i «muslimske land»
Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2007)
Bergens Tidende 30.06.2007

Norsk kvinnekamp i verden?
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Klassekampen 31.03.2007

Dialog er Nøkkelen til Integrasjon
Liv Tønnessen og Anne Sofie Roald (2006)
Klassekampen 03.10.2006

Mannen bak Darfur-konflikten
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Ny Tid No. 19, 2006

Hassan al-Turabi: Maktsyk Agitator eller Kvinnevennlig Demokrat?
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Morgenbladet 8-14 September 2006

Glemte Konflikter i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen og Inger Johanne Tjoflaat (2006)
Bergens Tidende 25. 07. 2006

Islam har skylden?
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Studvest 15.04.2006

Islam på godt og vondt
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Bergens Tidende 08.02.2006

Syria: Libanons akilleshæl
Liv Tønnessen og Kristian Boysen (2005)
Bergens Tidende 15.03.2005

Mot Maktskifte i Syria?
Liv Tønnessen (2005)
Bergens Tidende 29. 10.05

Newspaper Articles

Pynt og prakt, lite makt
Vibeke Wang, Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Bergens Tidende 12.05

Popular Presentations and Lectures

The Politics of Sexual Violence in Sudan: Between Rape and Adultery
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
University of Makerere October 2014

Gender Based Violence: Emerging Research Agendas
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
University of Makerere

Child marriages in Sudan: What's Islam got to do with it?
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Sex og politikk seminar September 2, 2014

Research design
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
DSRI, University of Khartoum 19.06.2014

Women’s Substantive Representation in Sudan’s National Assembly 2005-2013
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
DSRI, University of Khartoum 18.06.2014

International framework on women''s political participation and representation
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
DSRI, University of Khartoum 16.06.2014

Arenas for Women’s Political Participation: State Feminism, Political Parties, Women’s (non)Movements
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
DSRI, University of Khartoum 17.06.2014

Islamic Feminism
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Public lecture at Ahfad University for Women, Sudan January 16, 2014

The Background, the Substance and the Critique of UN Resolutions 1325 and 1820
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Master course in Gender and Global Governance, the Regional Institute of Gender, Diversity, Peace and Rights at Ahfad University for Women, Sudan January, 2014

CEDAW: Women's Human Rights between the Global and the Local
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Master course in gender and global governance, Ahfad University for women January, 2014

Violence against women
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
University of Khartoum November

Women on the 'fast track' to political representation in African Parliaments: Placing Sudan's gender quota within general trends in Africa
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: The Regional Institute of Gender, diversity, Peace and Rights, Ahfad University for Women

Kvinner og den arabiske våren
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Norske historiedager Songdal 05.05.2013

Islam og Kvinneaktivisme i kjølevannet av den arabiske våren: Eksempler fra Egypt, Tunisia og Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Høyskolen på Lillehammer 31.01.2013

Kvinners rettigheter og den arabiske våren: To steg tilbake heller enn ett fremover?
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Lillehammer Yrkeskvinners Klubb 31.01.2013

Konflikt i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presentasjon for studenter fra sjøkrigsskolen 25.10.2012

Women and the Arab Spring
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Peace and conflict studies, University of Oslo February 9, 2012

Kvinnepolitikk i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Religionsvitenskap

How to account for the centrality of contests relating to women's rights in projects of Islamization?
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Trial lecture, University of Bergen December 1, 2011

Caught between adultery and rape
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Nordglobal conference, Oslo October 25, 2011

From impunity to prosecution
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs November 11, 2011

Kvinnekamp i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
NORAD January 26, 2011

Sharia: Hva er Islamsk lov?
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Senioruniversitetet, Fana kulturhus November 8, 2011

Women's fight against violence and for justice in northern Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman Sudan May 16, 2011

The Politics of women's representation in Sudan: From the elites to the grasroots
Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2010)
PRIO, Oslo March 2, 2010

Power and the gendered interview
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
CMI/University of Bergen: Sharia and Human Rights

Mellom ideal og virkelighet: kvinners rettigheter under Sharia
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Fagernes 09.11.2007

Er islam og demokrati forenlig?Moderate islamisters nytolkning av Sharia
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Fagernes 09.11.2007

Norms in conflict - cultural rights, freedom of religion vs women's rights
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Human Rights and Development, a master course in comparative politics, University of Bergen 19.10.2007

Det demokratisk underskudd i Midtøsten og Nord Afrika: What's Islam got to do with it?
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Fagdag for Midtøsten studiet, University of Bergen October 2007

Radikalisering av Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Mellomkirkelig råd, Stavanger.

Islamisme i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
FN-Sambandet, Oslo

Islam har skylden?
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Studentersamfunnet, Bergen.

Legislating Marriages: Family Law Reform & Democratization in African and Asia
Start: Jan. 2014 (Current)

ARUSS: Assisting regional universities in Sudan and South Sudan
Start: Dec. 2013 (Current)
Geography: Sudan, South Sudan

Women's Human Rights and Law Reform in the Muslim World
Start: Mar. 2014 (Current)

Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to women's political representation
Start: Jan. 2014 (Current)
Geography: Malawi, Zambia, Uganda, Sudan

Politics of Faith
Start: Jan. 2006 (Current)
Keywords: Religion, the state, secularisation, political institutionalisation,political mobilization, development, religious revival, conflict, violence and peace.
Geography: Middle East and Northern Africa: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia and Sudan. Asia: Indonesia and Pakistan

Protection of Civilians: From Principle to Practice
Start: Mar. 2012 (Current)
Geography: Afghanistan, Colombia, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Liberia, and the Horn of Africa

Women's fight against violence and for justice in northern Sudan
Start: Apr. 2011 (Current)
Keywords: Violence, women, conflict, agency, Islamic law reform
Geography: Sudan

Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues
Start: Sep. 2005 (Completed)
Keywords: peacebuilding, conflict,
Geography: Sudan

Gender based violence in conflict-torn Sudan
Start: Apr. 2011 (Completed)
Geography: Sudan

The Moderation of Islamist Movements
Start: Jan. 2007 (Completed)
Keywords: Islamism, the state, political institutionalization, moderation
Geography: Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Sudan.

Joint Evaluation of Norwegian and Swedish Aid in Support of Child Rights
Start: Feb. 2010 (Completed)
Geography: Guatemala; Kenya; Mozambique; Sudan

Transformations in the Arab World
Start: Jan. 2011 (Current)
Geography: Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Oman, Yemen, Sudan

CMI
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