The University of Bergen and CMI have a long history of cooperation with research institutions in Sudan, primarily the University of Khartoum and Ahfad University for Women. Such cooperation includes competence and capacity building as well as a focus on producing new knowledge relevant for building peace in the country. After the secession of South Sudan in 2011, new efforts have started to build academic bridges between Sudan and South Sudan, focusing on regional universities but involving as well researchers from national universities. The overall objective is to enhance the quality and relevance of teaching and research in regional universities. As part of the program, research is carried out on a number of topics which are deemed important for lasting peace and development within and between the two countries. Efforts are also made to influence policy debates and improve the basis for decision making in both countries as well as among international actors. Because of the return to war in South Sudan, activities are on hold there for the time being.

 

 

Featured publications:

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

When Rape Becomes Politics: Negotiating Islamic Law Reform in Sudan

Liv Tønnessen (2014) in Women's Studies International Forum vol. 44 pp. 145-153

Book Chapter

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity

Liv Tønnessen (2013) in Rachel Sieder and John McNeish: Gender Justice and Legal Pluralities: Latin American and African Perspectives. New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Report in External Series

Return to war in South Sudan

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014) Oslo: NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Policy Brief no. April 2014) 4 p.

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Justice by Default? Dealing with Accountability Issues in Sudan

Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar Ahmad (2013) in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 224-247

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

The Women's Quota in Conflict Ridden Sudan: Ideological Battles for and against Gender Equality

Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2013) in Women's Studies International Forum vol. Volume 41 no. Part 2 pp. 122-131

Report in External Series

Return to war in South Sudan

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014) Oslo: NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Policy Brief no. April 2014) 4 p.

Report in External Series

Complex realities and astute actors: Sudanese women's activism and UN Security Council Resolution 1325

Liv Tønnessen (2014) Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Center (NOREF) (Expert comments)

CMI Report

Food securities and social conflict

Johan Helland,Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2014:01) 25 p.

Edited Book

Special Issue: "Drivers of Justice"

Elin Skaar and Astri Suhrke (2013) (Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2) 117-288 p.

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Making unity unattractive: The conflicting aims of Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Lovise Aalen (2013) in Civil Wars vol. 15 no. 2 pp. 173-191

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Justice by Default? Dealing with Accountability Issues in Sudan

Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar Ahmad (2013) in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 224-247

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

The Women's Quota in Conflict Ridden Sudan: Ideological Battles for and against Gender Equality

Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2013) in Women's Studies International Forum vol. Volume 41 no. Part 2 pp. 122-131

Book Chapter

Sudan

Liv Tønnessen (2013) in Sigrun Johnstad: Afrikas 99%. Økonomisk vekst, ulikhet og protest. Oslo: Fellesrådet for Afrika, Solidaritet Forlag

Book Chapter

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity

Liv Tønnessen (2013) in Rachel Sieder and John McNeish: Gender Justice and Legal Pluralities: Latin American and African Perspectives. New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Newspaper Op-Ed

Trøbbel på Nilen

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2013) Morgenbladet 22.11

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

More complex conflict drivers than environment and climate

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012) in New Routes vol. 17 no. 2 pp. 38-41

Book Chapter

Freedom of religion in Sudan

Anne Sofie Roald (2012) in Ed. by Anh Nga Longva and Anne Sofie Roald: Religious minorities in the Middle East. Domination, self-empowerment, accomodation. Leiden/Boston: Brill pp. 149-170

Report in External Series

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur

Liv Tønnessen (2012) (NOREF Report, February 2012)

CMI Report

Will the Sudanese paradox continue? Insecure investment climate and substantial foreign direct investment inflows

Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2012) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Sudan Report SR 2012:1) 33 p.

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Better the devil you know? Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2011) in Journal of African Business vol. 12 no. 1 pp. 31-50

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Nye utfordringer til islamsk feminisme: Kvinneaktivismens mange ansikter i Sudan og Iran

Marianne Bøe and Liv Tønnessen (2011) in Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning vol. 4 no. 4 pp. 327-342

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Beyond numbers? Women's 25% parliamentary quota in post-conflict Sudan

Liv Tønnessen (2011) in Journal of Peace, Conflict and Development vol. 17 pp. 43-62

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Feminist interlegalities and gender justice in Sudan: The debate on CEDAW and Islam

Liv Tønnessen (2011) in Religion and Human Rights: An International Journal vol. 6 no. 1, pp. 25-39

Report in External Series

Sudan country case study: Child rights

Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2011) Sida (UTV Working Paper no. 2011:3) (Commissioned by Norad and Sida)

Report in External Series

Supporting child rights. Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries

Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011) Stockholm: Sida (Joint Evaluation no. 2011:1) 258 p.

CMI Report

Nationality and citizenship questions in Sudan after the Southern Sudan referendum vote

Munzoul A.M. Assal (2011) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2011: 1) 15 p.

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Local violence and international intervention in Sudan

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2010) in Review of African Political Economy vol. 37 no. 124 pp. 173-186

CMI Report

Learning to build a sustainable peace: Ownership and everyday peacebuilding

Ole Jacob Sending (ed.) (2010) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010:4)

CMI Working Paper

Oil, peace and development: The Sudanese impasse

Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2010) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2010: 2) 31 p.

CMI Working Paper

Sudan peace agreements: Current challenges and future prospects

Abdel Ghaffar Mohamed Ahmad (2010) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper SWP 2010: 1) 17 p.

CMI Brief

The Paradox of Representation in Sudan: Muslim Women's Diverging Agendas

Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 1) 4 p.

Newspaper Op-Ed

Utenriksanalyse: Vestlig press styrker Bashir

Ingrid Samset (2010) Morgenbladet 16-22 April

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Pursuing justice in Darfur

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2009) in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 27 no. 4 pp. 393-408

Book Chapter

Land issues and poverty reduction: Requirements for lasting peace in Sudan and Afghanistan

Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand (2009) in The poorest and the hungry. Assessments, analyses, and actions. Wash.D.C.: IFPRI, pp. 219-226.

CMI Report

The impact of the international financial crisis on the economy of the Sudan

Medani M. Ahmed (2009) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2009: 1) 30 p.

CMI Working Paper

The comprehensive peace agreement in the Sudan: Institutional developments and political trends in focus areas

Samson S. Wassara (2009) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2009: 1) 21 p.

U4 Brief

Confronting corruption in humanitarian aid: Perspectives and options

Peter Walker, Daniel Maxwell (2009) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:3) 4 p.

Newspaper Op-Ed

Kleskamp i Sudan

Liv Tønnessen (2009) Dagbladet 30.08.2009

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Debates on Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum

Liv Tønnessen (2008) in Journal of North African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 455-469

CMI Report

Post-Conflict Peace-Building and Socio-Economic Integration Issues in Southwest Kordofan

Abdalbasit Saeed (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2008: 3) 48 p.

CMI Report

Can the Sudan Achieve the MDGs Given its Past and Present Expenditures Allocation Patterns?

Medani Mohmed Ahmed (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2008: 2)

CMI Working Paper

One Against All: The National Islamic Front (NIF) and Sudanese Sectarian and Secular Parties

Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (SWP Working Paper SWP 2008: 6) 14 p.

CMI Working Paper

Is it the Fault of NGOs Alone? Aid and Dependency in Eastern Sudan

Munzoul A. M. Assal (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 5) 19 p.

CMI Working Paper

Communal Land Rights and Peace-Building in North Kordofan: Policy and Legislative Challenges

Mustafa Babiker (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 3) 14 p.

CMI Working Paper

Peace without Unity: The Dilemma of Reconciling Divergent Perspectives in Post-Conflict Sudan

Atta El-Battahani (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 4) 18 p.

CMI Working Paper

The Politics of Local Boundaries and Conflict in Sudan. The South Darfur Case

Yousif Takana (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 2) 20 p.

CMI Working Paper

Transforming Pastoralism: A Case Study of the Rufa'a al Hoi Ethnic Group in the Blue Nile State, Sudan

Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2008) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 1)

Newspaper Op-Ed

Kan vi gjøre noe?

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2008) Dagbladet 05.05.08

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Arab Foreign Aid: Disbursement Patterns, Aid Policies and Motives

Espen Villanger (2007) in Forum for Development Studies vol. 34 no. 2

Report in External Series

Land Issues and Poverty Production: Requirements for Lasting Peace in Sudan and Afghanistan

Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand (2007) Washington DC: IFPRI (2020 Focus Brief on the World's Poor and Hungry People) 4 p.

CMI Brief

Competing Perceptions of Women's Civil Rights in Sudan

Liv Tønnessen (2007) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 4) 4 p.

Newspaper Op-Ed

Minoriteter i «muslimske land»

Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2007) Bergens Tidende 30.06.2007

Newspaper Op-Ed

Norsk kvinnekamp i verden?

Liv Tønnessen (2007) Klassekampen 31.03.2007

Newspaper Op-Ed

Opprørere må sendes til Haag

Ingrid Samset (2006) Aftenposten 06.07.06

Munzoul Assal
Professor, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Khartoum
Munzoul Assal is professor of social anthropology and Deputy Director of the Peace Research institute, University of Khartoum. He focuses on refugees, internally displaced persons, and citizenship.

Abdel Ghaffar Ahmed
Professor of Development Studies, Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, University of Khartoum
Social anthropologist whose research covers topics related to political, social and economic development of Africa in general and Sudan and the Horn of Africa in particular.

Gunnar M. Sørbø
Senior researcher, CMI
Gunnar M. Sørbø holds a PhD in Social Anthropology and is a Senior Researcher and former Director of Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI).

Liv Tønnessen
Senior Researcher, CMI
Political scientist whose interests include Islamic law reform, Islamism/Salafism, women's movements, women's political representation, and human rights.

Lovise Aalen
Senior Researcher, CMI
Political scientist whose research focuses on democratisation and human rights in the Horn of Africa.

Nagla Mohamed Bashir
Director at the Peace Studies and Community Development Centre, University of Nyala
Dr. Nagla Mohamed Bashir is Director of the Peace Studies and Research Centre at the University of Nyala. Her research focuses on agricultural economics, environmental issues and conflict.

Mariam Ali Onaur Abdalla
Director at the Women Research Center, Red Sea University
Dr. Mariam Ali Onaur Abdalla is Director of the Center for women's studies at Red Sea University. She focuses on women's empowerment, economic development and political participation.

Leif Manger
Professor, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen
Leif Manger is professor in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Bergen. He focuses on economic and ecological anthropology, Arabization, migration, diaspora, and globalization.

Osman Mohamed Osman Ali University of Khartoum
Osman Mohamed Osman Ali is associate professor and Head, Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum.

Abdallah Shingray Red Sea College

Alteyib Mahamedeen Kassala University

Hussein Suliman Gedaref University

Abdelaziz Abbaker Blue Nile University

Abdelmageed Yahya Dilling University


Recommended resources:

Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin

Excessive and deadly: The use of force, detention and torture against protesters in Sudan Amnesty International,

Truth and Dignity Commission South Sudan Law Society, Deng

National dialogue in Sudan: experiences and challenges Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani

From recovery and state building to a new humanitarian emergency Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi

CMI
CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute)
Phone: +47 47 93 80 00 - From abroad: +47 55 70 55 65
Fax: +47 47 93 80 01
E-mail: cmi@cmi.no - Web: www.cmi.no
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Visiting address: Jekteviksbakken 31, Bergen