Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

This website aims to provide information on the situation in Sudan and to present academic work and reports on a range of issues related both to Sudan and to peacebuilding in general, as well as links to other resources. We invite contributions, information and reports from experts and practitioners in relevant fields. These can be sent to sudan@cmi.no

Recently added resources:


Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan

UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin

This report from the UN Human Rights Council provides an appraisal of the human rights situation in the Sudan over the period October 2013 to July 2014. It provides an overview of the general human rights situation in the Sudan and outlines the major human rights challenges faced by the Government, describing the progress made in meeting these challenges.

Excessive and deadly: The use of force, detention and torture against protesters in Sudan

Amnesty International,

This report from Amnesty International examines allegations of human rights violations, including the excessive use of force to disperse protests, committed by the security services in Sudan during four protests that occurred between 2012 and 2014.

Truth and Dignity Commission

South Sudan Law Society, Deng

This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.

National dialogue in Sudan: experiences and challenges

Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani

A number of broken peace agreements has driven Sudan into deep conflict, leading to the secession of South Sudan in 2011, and creating a crisis which still threatens the country with further violence and dismemberment. The country stands at a crossroads, and calls for change are coming from all quarters, even from inside the regime itself. Change seems to be the catchword for all actors, argues Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani.

From recovery and state building to a new humanitarian emergency

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi

This paper is intended as a brief reflection on the current situation in South Sudan. It outlines observations on the current situation, concludes with some reflections on the need for better information and analysis, and outlines a short-term research agenda.

From Liberation Movement to Government

The Brenthurst Foundation, Clapham

Independence struggles often promote the formation of an effective movement in opposition that should provide the basis for a viable government once victory is achieved. Nowhere in Africa, however, has a liberation movement transformed itself seamlessly into a national government.

Reforming the SPLM

Institute for Security Studies, Paula Cristina Roque

Transforming the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) is vital in achieving sustainable peace in South Sudan, argues Paula Cristina Roque. Transforming the SPLM entails ensuring that politics become demilitarised; party structures reach the grassroots; and decision-making rules and leadership succession processes are established

South Sudan's crisis

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

This analysis from the Sudd Institute suggests that the stalemate in the peace process is costly, and that the solution to the current crisis lies with the warring parties, the South Sudanese citizenry, and the international community. It also argues that the peace process lacks genuine intent to end the conflict.

South Sudan's New War

Human Rights Watch

This report from Human Rights Watch documents how widespread killings of civilians, often based on their ethnicity, and mass destruction and looting of civilian property, have defined the conflict in South Dudan. It calls for a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan.

"The Price of Silence"

Amnesty International

The freedom of expression has been increasingly eroded in South Sudan since independence in 2011. In this report, Amnesty International describes how journalists have been harrassed, intimidated and arbitrarily detained by South Sudan's authorities, while the government has failed to pass key laws to protect freedom of expression.

South Sudan crisis - situation report

OCHA South Sudan

This report from OCHA provides an extensive update on the South Sudan crisis.

South Sudan's Crisis: Its Drivers, Key Players, and Post-conflict Prospects

The Sudd Institute

This analysis from the Sudd Institute argues that historical issues that remained unresolved after the CPA significantly compounded it. To end the crisis, it is strongly recommended that the international community exert pressure on the warring parties.

Local security arrangements in Greater Upper Nile

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

Much of the fighting in South Sudan has been concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile region. This brief from the Small Arms Survey discusses the organization of local security arrangements in the Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region.

Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis

International Crisis Group, Jerôme Tubiana

The inclusion of civil society in efforts to defuse the South Sudan crisis has so far been fraught. In this blog post, Jerôme Tubiana at the International crisis group analyzes civil society's role in the South Sudan crisis.

The Impacts of Violence on Education in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute

This policy brief from the Sudd Institute analyzes the impacts of South Sudan's ongoing violence on education in the three states of Upper Nile. The report states that the war has led to pronounced reductions in educational activities and resources in the area, with school closure and mass outmigration as a result.

The Military Industry Corporation (MIC)

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

Sudan has become a significant arms manufacturer in Africa. This report from Small Arms Survey documents what is known about Sudan's Military Industry Corporation

Conflict, climate change and politics

HPG working paper, Levine, Peters &Fan

This working paper form ODI is based on analysis of three cases; Aceh, East Africa and Darfur. The three case studies show that, when disciplines are used techno-centrically and in the absence of sophisticated political analysis, there are significant risks that interventions designed to support resilience may do more harm than good.

Anyone who can carry a gun can go

PRIO paper, Breidlid and Arensen

This report from PRIO focuses on Nuer civilians who are fighting on the side of the SPLM/A-in-Opposition in the current civil war, popularly known as the White Army. There are many misconceptions about the White Army. It is not a single cohesive force, but comprises defense groups representing Nuer rural communities at various levels.

South Sudan-China Relations: A Reversed Courtship

Luka B. Deng Kuol

Given the enormous challenges facing Juba, South Sudan has to forge a new courtship in China. As part of its new diplomatic outreach, the Vice President will visit China towards the end of this month. As this visit has been cautiously arranged by Chinese Communist Party rather than by the Government of China, Juba will have an uphill task to be successful with its new courtship in China, writes Luka B. Deng Kuol.

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A comprehensive peace agreement was signed between the Sudan government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement in January 2005. The research and monitoring programme, which was submitted by CMI in cooperation with the University of Khartoum, Al Ahfad University for Women and PRIO, addresses main challenges to peacebuilding in Sudan, with a particular focus on (a) the political economy of the transition, including institutional and governance issues, and (b) the role of third party engagement and issues related to the management and coordination of aid. The programme is multidisciplinary and combines macro level studies with research in selected localities and states. It covers basic research, capacity building (primarily in Sudan) and policy oriented needs.

Overview of CMI's researchers, projects and publications on Sudan

Recent publications from the programme:

Conference Paper / Presentation

Islam and State in Moderation? Post-Islamism in Sudan (1989-2011)

Liv Tønnessen (2012) Presented at: Sudan workshop, Chr. Michelsen Institutt (CMI), 16th and 17th of January 2012

Law Reform in Post-Conflict Sudan: Are Female Members of the National Assembly Acting in the Interest of Sudanese Women?
Liv Tønnessen (forthcoming)
in The Ahfad Journal:Women and Change

Food securities and social conflict
Johan Helland,Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2014:01) 25 p.

Pynt og prakt, lite makt
Vibeke Wang, Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Bergens Tidende 12.05

Return to war in South Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014)
Oslo: NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Policy Brief no. April 2014) 4 p.

Complex realities and astute actors: Sudanese women's activism and UN Security Council Resolution 1325
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Center (NOREF) (Expert comments)

Trøbbel på Nilen
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2013)
Morgenbladet 22.11

Sudan Divided: Continuing Conflict in a Contested State
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2013)
London: Macmillan 272 p.

Making unity unattractive: The conflicting aims of Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Lovise Aalen (2013)
in Civil Wars vol. 15 no. 2 pp. 173-191

Special Issue: "Drivers of Justice"
Elin Skaar and Astri Suhrke (2013)
(Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2) 117-288 p.

Justice by Default? Dealing with Accountability Issues in Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar Ahmad (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 224-247

The Pastoral Fulbe in the Sudan Funj Region. A study of the interaction between State and Society
Elhadi Ibrahim Osman (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute

The Women's Quota in Conflict Ridden Sudan: Ideological Battles for and against Gender Equality
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. Volume 41 no. Part 2 pp. 122-131

Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Sigrun Johnstad: Afrikas 99%. Økonomisk vekst, ulikhet og protest. Oslo: Fellesrådet for Afrika, Solidaritet Forlag

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Rachel Sieder and John McNeish: Gender Justice and Legal Pluralities: Latin American and African Perspectives. New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Gender justice and legal pluralities. Latin American and African perspectives
Rachel Sieder and John-Andrew McNeish (2013)
New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Will the Sudanese paradox continue? Insecure investment climate and substantial foreign direct investment inflows
Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Sudan Report SR 2012:1) 33 p.

Oljebrødrene
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012)
Morgenbladet 19.-25. oktober 2012

Ettåring i faresonen
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012)
Morgenbladet 06.-12.07. 2012

More complex conflict drivers than environment and climate
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012)
in New Routes vol. 17 no. 2 pp. 38-41

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)

Freedom of religion in Sudan
Anne Sofie Roald (2012)
in Ed. by Anh Nga Longva and Anne Sofie Roald: Religious minorities in the Middle East. Domination, self-empowerment, accomodation. Leiden/Boston: Brill pp. 149-170

The many faces of political Islam in Sudan: Muslim women's activism for and against the state
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Bergen: University of Bergen 344 p.

Better the devil you know? Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2011)
in Journal of African Business vol. 12 no. 1 pp. 31-50

Nye utfordringer til islamsk feminisme: Kvinneaktivismens mange ansikter i Sudan og Iran
Marianne Bøe and Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning vol. 4 no. 4 pp. 327-342

Sudan country case study: Child rights
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Sida (UTV Working Paper no. 2011:3) (Commissioned by Norad and Sida)

Beyond numbers? Women's 25% parliamentary quota in post-conflict Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Journal of Peace, Conflict and Development vol. 17 pp. 43-62

Supporting child rights. Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries
Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011)
Stockholm: Sida (Joint Evaluation no. 2011:1) 258 p.

Supporting child rights: Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries
Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011)
(Available from Sida)

Nationality and citizenship questions in Sudan after the Southern Sudan referendum vote
Munzoul A.M. Assal (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2011: 1) 15 p.

Feminist interlegalities and gender justice in Sudan: The debate on CEDAW and Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Religion and Human Rights: An International Journal vol. 6 no. 1, pp. 25-39

Challenges facing Sudan after referendum day 2011. Persistent and emerging conflict in the north-south borderline states
Abdalbasit Saeed (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2010: 1) 27 p.

Oil, peace and development: The Sudanese impasse
Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2010: 2) 31 p.

Local violence and international intervention in Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2010)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 37 no. 124 pp. 173-186

Learning to build a sustainable peace: Ownership and everyday peacebuilding
Ole Jacob Sending (ed.) (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010:4)

Utenriksanalyse: Vestlig press styrker Bashir
Ingrid Samset (2010)
Morgenbladet 16-22 April

Sudan peace agreements: Current challenges and future prospects
Abdel Ghaffar Mohamed Ahmad (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper SWP 2010: 1) 17 p.

The Politics of Women's Representation in Sudan: Debating Women's Rights in Islam from the Elites to the Grassroots
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010: 2) 46 p.

The Paradox of Representation in Sudan: Muslim Women's Diverging Agendas
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 1) 4 p.

Pursuing justice in Darfur
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2009)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 27 no. 4 pp. 393-408

Land issues and poverty reduction: Requirements for lasting peace in Sudan and Afghanistan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand (2009)
in The poorest and the hungry. Assessments, analyses, and actions. Wash.D.C.: IFPRI, pp. 219-226.

Kleskamp i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Dagbladet 30.08.2009

The comprehensive peace agreement in the Sudan: Institutional developments and political trends in focus areas
Samson S. Wassara (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2009: 1) 21 p.

The impact of the international financial crisis on the economy of the Sudan
Medani M. Ahmed (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2009: 1) 30 p.

Confronting corruption in humanitarian aid: Perspectives and options
Peter Walker, Daniel Maxwell (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:3) 4 p.

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Debates on Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum
Liv Tønnessen (2008)
in Journal of North African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 455-469

One Against All: The National Islamic Front (NIF) and Sudanese Sectarian and Secular Parties
Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (SWP Working Paper SWP 2008: 6) 14 p.

Post-Conflict Peace-Building and Socio-Economic Integration Issues in Southwest Kordofan
Abdalbasit Saeed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2008: 3) 48 p.

External Debts, Growth and Peace in the Sudan. Some Serious Challenges Facing the Country in the Post-Conflict Era
Medani Mohmed Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report SR 2008: 1) 76 p.

Can the Sudan Achieve the MDGs Given its Past and Present Expenditures Allocation Patterns?
Medani Mohmed Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2008: 2)

Is it the Fault of NGOs Alone? Aid and Dependency in Eastern Sudan
Munzoul A. M. Assal (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 5) 19 p.

Kan vi gjøre noe?
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2008)
Dagbladet 05.05.08

Communal Land Rights and Peace-Building in North Kordofan: Policy and Legislative Challenges
Mustafa Babiker (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 3) 14 p.

Peace without Unity: The Dilemma of Reconciling Divergent Perspectives in Post-Conflict Sudan
Atta El-Battahani (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 4) 18 p.

The Politics of Local Boundaries and Conflict in Sudan. The South Darfur Case
Yousif Takana (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 2) 20 p.

Transforming Pastoralism: A Case Study of the Rufa'a al Hoi Ethnic Group in the Blue Nile State, Sudan
Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 1)

Arab Foreign Aid: Disbursement Patterns, Aid Policies and Motives
Espen Villanger (2007)
in Forum for Development Studies vol. 34 no. 2

Land Issues and Poverty Production: Requirements for Lasting Peace in Sudan and Afghanistan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand (2007)
Washington DC: IFPRI (2020 Focus Brief on the World's Poor and Hungry People) 4 p.

Discrimination in the Name of Religious Freedom: The Rights of Women and Non-Muslims after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Anne Sofie Roald (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007: 5) 50 p.

Competing Perceptions of Women's Civil Rights in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 4) 4 p.

Minoriteter i «muslimske land»
Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2007)
Bergens Tidende 30.06.2007

Norsk kvinnekamp i verden?
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Klassekampen 31.03.2007

Opprørere må sendes til Haag
Ingrid Samset (2006)
Aftenposten 06.07.06

Mannen bak Darfur-konflikten
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Ny Tid No. 19, 2006

Spillet om Darfur
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2006)
Aftenposten 06.10.2006

Hassan al-Turabi: Maktsyk Agitator eller Kvinnevennlig Demokrat?
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Morgenbladet 8-14 September 2006

Glemte Konflikter i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen og Inger Johanne Tjoflaat (2006)
Bergens Tidende 25. 07. 2006

Sudan: Prospects for Peace. The Role of the International Community
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2005)
in Forced Migration Review no. 24 November pp. 13-14

Islamism and Democracy: An Inquiry into the Political Thought of the Sudanese Islamist Hassan al-Turabi
Liv Tønnessen (2005)
Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Cand. Polit. Degree. Bergen: Department of Comparative Politics. University of Bergen 159 p.

Fred i Sudan?
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2005)
Bergens tidende 16. mars

Peacebuilding in post-war situations: Lessons for Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2004)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2004: 13) 25 p.

Prospects for peace, security and human rights in Africa's Horn
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Siegfried Pausewang (eds.) (2004)
Bergen: Fagbokforlaget 168 p.

Pastoral ecosystems and the issue of scale
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2003)
in Ambio vol. 32 no. 2 pp. 113-117

Child marriages in Sudan: What's Islam got to do with it?
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Sex og politikk seminar September 2, 2014

The Politics of Salafism in Sudan: Women’s Empowerment through Gender Segregation?
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES)

Criminal Law Reform in Sudan. Between Sharia and Human Rights
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES)

When Rape Becomes Politics: Negotiating Islamic Law Reform in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Presented at: Law and Society Association: Law and Inequalities: Global and Local

Family Law Reform in Post-Conflict Sudan: Competing Claims for Gender Justice between Sharia and Women's Human Rights
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: Regime Change and the Participation of Women in Decision-Making" 7-8 of December 2013, Center for Arab Women forTraining and Research, Tunisia

Between Sharia and Human Rights: Sudanese Women's Strategies for Criminal Law Reform
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: Ida Blom conference, October 14 and 15 2013

Women's Sexual and reproductive rights in Sudan: Rape, early marriage and Female Genital Mutilation: What's Islam got to do with it?
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: The Legal Battlefield of Sexual and Reproductive Rights: Drivers, Dynamics and Health Consequences? at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, September 22, 2013.

Kvinner og den arabiske våren
(2013)
Historiedagene på Songdal 05.05.2013

Kvinners rettigheter og den arabiske våren: To steg tilbake heller enn ett fremover?
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Lillehammer Yrkeskvinners Klubb 31.01.2013

Women's political representation
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Conference on Women in Public Life at Center for Women's Studies, at Jordan University in Amman, Jordan, November 25-28, 2012.

Konflikt i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presentasjon for studenter fra sjøkrigsskolen 25.10.2012

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: American Anthropology Association, November 14-18 2012 in San Fransisco

Civil society and the armed forces
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Agents or Guardians:Military-civilian relations in Latin America and the Middle East

Islam and State in Moderation? Post-Islamism in Sudan (1989-2011)
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Sudan workshop, Chr. Michelsen Institutt (CMI), 16th and 17th of January 2012

Kvinnepolitikk i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Religionsvitenskap

How to account for the centrality of contests relating to women's rights in projects of Islamization?
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Trial lecture, University of Bergen December 1, 2011

From impunity to prosecution
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs November 11, 2011

Kvinnekamp i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
NORAD January 26, 2011

Sharia: Hva er Islamsk lov?
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Senioruniversitetet, Fana kulturhus November 8, 2011

Women's fight against violence and for justice in northern Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman Sudan May 16, 2011

The Politics of women's representation in Sudan: From the elites to the grasroots
Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2010)
PRIO, Oslo March 2, 2010

Bargaining with patriarchy in Sudan: The art of reimagining Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: Transnational/Global Feminism: Issues, Contestations, Challenges

The Moderation of the Islamist Movement in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: The annual norwegian political science conference

Power and the Gendered Interview: Bargaining with Patriarchy
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Presented at: Sharia and Human Rights

Election Observation in Sudan - Possible Challenges
Hilde Kjøstvedt (2008)
Sudan Elections 2009 - a seminar organised by the Norwegian Support Group for Peace in Sudan June 13, 2008

Er islam og demokrati forenlig?Moderate islamisters nytolkning av Sharia
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Fagernes 09.11.2007

The Myth of a Reformist? Hassan al-Turabi and Women's Civil Rights within the Islamic Family Law in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: The seventh Nordic conference on Middle East Studies in Helsinki,Finland 21-23 September 2007 "The Middle East: Diversity - Variation - Interpretation

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Interpretations of Women's Civil Rights within the Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum.
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: Plural Legalities Workshop

Islamisme i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
FN-Sambandet, Oslo

Staff and students from the following institutions are involved:

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

News from Sudan Tribune:

UNHRC establishes commission of inquiry for Eritrea

By Tesfa-Alem Tekle September 29, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) - The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) ...

US pledges another $83m emergency funds for S. Sudan

September 29, 2014 (WASHINGTON) - The United States on Monday announced nearly $83 million in additional ...

S. Sudan parliament delays passing of security bills

September 29, 2014 (JUBA) - South Sudan national assembly delayed on Monday the passing of a bill ...

S. Sudanese communities urged to protect constitution

September 29, 2014 (JUBA) - A South Sudanese official has urged citizens to protect the country's ...

S. Sudan rebels accuse government forces of shelling relief centres

September 29, 2014 (JUBA) - South Sudan's opposition forces have accused the government of using long-range ...

S. Sudan: Over 30 killed in Juba-Nimule road accident

September 29, 2014 (JUBA) - Officials from South Sudan's Juba teaching hospital say that over 30 people ...

South Sudan, Sudan to jointly lobby creditors for debt relief

September 29, 2014 (JUBA) - The South Sudanese government has announced it plans to commence joint ...

Juba denies plans to replace vice-president

September 29, 2014 (JUBA) - The South Sudanese government has downplayed the prospect that vice-president ...

Head of Sudan's Chess Association resigns over game with Israeli player

September 29, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - The president of the Sudanese Chess Association (SCA) Tariq Zaroog ...

Sudanese advocacy group accuses France of targeting Muslims in CAR

September 29, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese popular committee for advocating Central African Republic's ...

CMI
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Phone: +47 47 93 80 00 - From abroad: +47 55 70 55 65
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