Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

This website aims to provide information on the situation in Sudan and to present academic work and reports on a range of issues related both to Sudan and to peacebuilding in general, as well as links to other resources. We invite contributions, information and reports from experts and practitioners in relevant fields. These can be sent to

Recently added resources:

South Sudan: A civil war by any other name

International Crisis Group, Africa report no 217

In December 2013, civil war broke out in South Sudan. Continuing figthing has displaced more than 1,000,000 and killed over 10,000. A humanitarian crisis threatens many more. Resolving the conflict requires not a quick fix but sustained domestic and international commitment. The country needs fundamental reworking of the governance agreement between and within elites and communities if a negotiated settlement is to lead to a sustainable peace.

In the eye of the storm

Feinstein International Center, Rachel Gordon

This working paper aims to shed light on the conflict dynamics of one of the country's poorest and least-analysed states - Jonglei - through the post-Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and independence period, leading up to the present crisis.

Search for Lasting Peace: Ending South Sudan's Devastating Conflict

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

For over two months, the people of South Sudan have been experiencing a renewed and devastating conflict that has inflicted significant suffering. The International Crisis Group (ICG) estimates that 10,000 people have been killed and hundreds of thousands forced into refuge. In this policy brief, the Sudd Institute reviews, analyzes and recommends solutions to end the conflict and to prevent future outbreaks.

"Peace Must Come Soon" - a field dispatch from South Sudan

The Enough Project, Prendergast

This report documents the atrocities committed in Unity, Upper Nile, Central Equatoria, and Jonglei states. The U.N. has declared South Sudan a Level 3 humanitarian emergency. The cessation of hostilities agreement between the warring parties appears to have collapsed entirely.

A strategy for achieving gender equality in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, Edward

This report from the Sudd Institute examines how structural factors, customary laws and traditional practices, and economic hardships shape women's status and hinder their effective participation in leadership positions in South Sudan. It proposes strategies for addressing gender disparities and achievement of gender equality in South Sudan.

The 2015 National Census and Elections

The Sudd Institute, Mayai, Abucha & Jok

This policy brief from the Sudd Institute suggests the general elections be conducted in 2015, and calls for the establishment of a presidential support technical team. The brief also discusses the national census, implications of the current violence, and the long-term implications of empty political assurances.

The Unwarranted Carnage in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, Abraham A. Awolich

South Sudan has experienced a catastrophic violence since its independence merely two and half years ago. The conflict, which emanates mainly from a mismanaged political discord, has caused massive loss in lives, property, and social cohesion and is threatening to degenerate into a civil war. This policy brief from the Sudd Institute analyses regarding the wave of violence in the country, with the aim to offer recommendations for objectively ending this conflict.

Mapping conflict motives: The Sudan-South Sudan border

IPIS, Spittaels & Weyns

This report from IPIS analyses the conflict dynamics in the wider border area spanning Sudan and South Sudan. The analysis specifically looks into the motivations and interests of the parties involved in the interstate, intrastate and local conflicts in this area. Where are conflict parties focussing their efforts? Which strategic interests do they prioritise and ignore? What do they want to achieve? And do their actions correspond to their rhetoric?

Trafficking and Torture of Eritreans in Sudan and Egypt

Human Rights Watch

This report from Human Rights Watch documents that Egyptian traffickers have tortured Eritreans for ransom in the Sinai Peninsula, including through rape, burning, and mutilation. It also documents torture by traffickers in eastern Sudan. Sudanese and Egyptian security officers often facilitate trafficker abuses rather than arresting them and rescuing their victims.

Fragility and State-Society Relations in South Sudan

Africa Center for Strategic Studies, Kate Almquist Knopf

The foundation of the South Sudanese state must come before the structure is built. Generating renewed confidence in state-society relations will provide the social capital needed to strengthen the institutions most central to ending violence.

Unleashing the potential for good governance

South Sudanese Professionals in Diaspora

Good governance can unleash the full potential of South Sudan. In this report, researchers belonging to the South Sudanese diaspora explore how South Sudan can achieve this goal through restructuring of the armed forces; the establishment of an independent and representative judiciary; the supremacy of the rule of law translated into respect for human rights, freedom of press and association, with multi-party democracy enshrined in the constitution.

Sudan's spreading conflict: the limits of Darfur's peace process

International Crisis Group, Africa Report No211

The violence in Darfur spiked in 2013. Recent fighting has displaced nearly half a million additional civilians - in all 3.2 million Darfurians need humanitarian help. If Darfur is to have durable peace, all parties to the country's multiple conflicts need to develop a more coherent means of addressing both local conflicts and nationwide stresses, the latter through a comprehensive national dialogue; eschew piecemeal approaches; embrace inclusive talks; and recommit to Sudan's unity.

South Sudan's Anti-Corruption Efforts and Poor Global Ranking

The Sudd Institute, Policy Brief

South Sudan has been ranked as the third most corrupt country in the world, according to Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index. In this policy brief, the Sudd Institute highlights the factors that have caused South Sudan a high corruption ranking, discusses the implications and anti-corruption efforts, and makes recommendations on how to improve South Sudan's corruption perception at home and the global stage

Understanding the Emergence of South Sudan's Current Violence

The Sudd Institute, Augustino Ting Mayai

This review from the Sudd Institute analyzes political, social, and institutional explanations of the present South Sudanese unrest. The review also presents remedial suggestions.

Crisis and Opportunity in South Sudan

United States Institute of Peace, Peacebrief 164

South Sudan is in crisis. The violence since mid-December has been horrific, but the crisis also presents an opportunity to put South Sudan back on the path of democratization, good governance, and peace. This brief from the United States Institute of Peace examines what needs to happen to create a foundation for lasting peace and stability

The Conflict in Unity State

HSBA, Small Arms Survey

This report from HSBA describes the rebellion in Pariang, Abiemnom, and Mayom counties of Unity in December 2013 and January 2014.

South Sudan and the Prospects for Peace Amidst Violent Political Wrangling

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

The abrupt nature of the unrest in South Sudan, starting with the events in Juba on 15 December 2013, the scale of violence within a single military unit, the rapid spread to other branches of the armed forces in other states, the speed at which it begun to take on ethnic overtones and the death toll of over 1,000 people has shocked the population.

Is South Sudan Politics and Politicians for Stabilization or Destabilization?

Community empowerment for progress organization (CEPO)

This report reflect opinions of citizens collected in Juba about the 16th December 2013 incident which the Government termed as "Attempted Military Coup". This report from CEPO intends to reveal citizens' opinion on the violent armed conflict that occurred that started in the capital and escalates to other states.

The Sudd Institute on the Situation of Insecurity in Juba

Sudd Institute

This press statement is an attempt to make sense of the events of December 15 through 17Th in Juba, when members of the Tiger Battalion of ...

At an Impasse: The Conflict in Blue Nile

Small Arms Survey, Claudio Gramizzi

At an Impasse analyses the first two years of the renewed conflict in Blue Nile-from September 2011 to June 2013. It elaborates on trends that characterize the conflict, presents primary armed actors, identifies military hardware and describes mechanisms established by the government to supply local militias and paramilitary forces.

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A comprehensive peace agreement was signed between the Sudan government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement in January 2005. The research and monitoring programme, which was submitted by CMI in cooperation with the University of Khartoum, Al Ahfad University for Women and PRIO, addresses main challenges to peacebuilding in Sudan, with a particular focus on (a) the political economy of the transition, including institutional and governance issues, and (b) the role of third party engagement and issues related to the management and coordination of aid. The programme is multidisciplinary and combines macro level studies with research in selected localities and states. It covers basic research, capacity building (primarily in Sudan) and policy oriented needs.

Overview of CMI's researchers, projects and publications on Sudan

Recent publications from the programme:

Conference Paper / Presentation

Islam and State in Moderation? Post-Islamism in Sudan (1989-2011)

Liv Tønnessen (2012) Presented at: Sudan workshop, Chr. Michelsen Institutt (CMI), 16th and 17th of January 2012

Law Reform in Post-Conflict Sudan: Are Female Members of the National Assembly Acting in the Interest of Sudanese Women?
Liv Tønnessen (forthcoming)
in The Ahfad Journal:Women and Change

Return to war in South Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014)
Oslo: NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Policy Brief no. April 2014) 4 p.

Complex realities and astute actors: Sudanese women's activism and UN Security Council Resolution 1325
Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Center (NOREF) (Expert comments)

Trøbbel på Nilen
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2013)
Morgenbladet 22.11

Sudan Divided: Continuing Conflict in a Contested State
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2013)
London: Macmillan 272 p.

Making unity unattractive: The conflicting aims of Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Lovise Aalen (2013)
in Civil Wars vol. 15 no. 2 pp. 173-191

Special Issue: "Drivers of Justice"
Elin Skaar and Astri Suhrke (2013)
(Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2) 117-288 p.

Justice by Default? Dealing with Accountability Issues in Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar Ahmad (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 224-247

The Pastoral Fulbe in the Sudan Funj Region. A study of the interaction between State and Society
Elhadi Ibrahim Osman (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute

The Women's Quota in Conflict Ridden Sudan: Ideological Battles for and against Gender Equality
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2013)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. Volume 41 no. Part 2 pp. 122-131

Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Sigrun Johnstad: Afrikas 99%. Økonomisk vekst, ulikhet og protest. Oslo: Fellesrådet for Afrika, Solidaritet Forlag

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Rachel Sieder and John McNeish: Gender Justice and Legal Pluralities: Latin American and African Perspectives. New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Gender justice and legal pluralities. Latin American and African perspectives
Rachel Sieder and John-Andrew McNeish (2013)
New York: Routledge-Cavendish

Will the Sudanese paradox continue? Insecure investment climate and substantial foreign direct investment inflows
Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Sudan Report SR 2012:1) 33 p.

Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012)
Morgenbladet 19.-25. oktober 2012

Ettåring i faresonen
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012)
Morgenbladet 06.-12.07. 2012

More complex conflict drivers than environment and climate
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2012)
in New Routes vol. 17 no. 2 pp. 38-41

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)

Freedom of religion in Sudan
Anne Sofie Roald (2012)
in Ed. by Anh Nga Longva and Anne Sofie Roald: Religious minorities in the Middle East. Domination, self-empowerment, accomodation. Leiden/Boston: Brill pp. 149-170

The many faces of political Islam in Sudan: Muslim women's activism for and against the state
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Bergen: University of Bergen 344 p.

Better the devil you know? Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2011)
in Journal of African Business vol. 12 no. 1 pp. 31-50

Nye utfordringer til islamsk feminisme: Kvinneaktivismens mange ansikter i Sudan og Iran
Marianne Bøe and Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning vol. 4 no. 4 pp. 327-342

Sudan country case study: Child rights
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Sida (UTV Working Paper no. 2011:3) (Commissioned by Norad and Sida)

Beyond numbers? Women's 25% parliamentary quota in post-conflict Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Journal of Peace, Conflict and Development vol. 17 pp. 43-62

Supporting child rights. Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries
Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011)
Stockholm: Sida (Joint Evaluation no. 2011:1) 258 p.

Supporting child rights: Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries
Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011)
(Available from Sida)

Nationality and citizenship questions in Sudan after the Southern Sudan referendum vote
Munzoul A.M. Assal (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2011: 1) 15 p.

Feminist interlegalities and gender justice in Sudan: The debate on CEDAW and Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
in Religion and Human Rights: An International Journal vol. 6 no. 1, pp. 25-39

Challenges facing Sudan after referendum day 2011. Persistent and emerging conflict in the north-south borderline states
Abdalbasit Saeed (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2010: 1) 27 p.

Oil, peace and development: The Sudanese impasse
Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2010: 2) 31 p.

Local violence and international intervention in Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2010)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 37 no. 124 pp. 173-186

Learning to build a sustainable peace: Ownership and everyday peacebuilding
Ole Jacob Sending (ed.) (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010:4)

Utenriksanalyse: Vestlig press styrker Bashir
Ingrid Samset (2010)
Morgenbladet 16-22 April

Sudan peace agreements: Current challenges and future prospects
Abdel Ghaffar Mohamed Ahmad (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper SWP 2010: 1) 17 p.

The Politics of Women's Representation in Sudan: Debating Women's Rights in Islam from the Elites to the Grassroots
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010: 2) 46 p.

The Paradox of Representation in Sudan: Muslim Women's Diverging Agendas
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 1) 4 p.

Pursuing justice in Darfur
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2009)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 27 no. 4 pp. 393-408

Land issues and poverty reduction: Requirements for lasting peace in Sudan and Afghanistan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand (2009)
in The poorest and the hungry. Assessments, analyses, and actions. Wash.D.C.: IFPRI, pp. 219-226.

Kleskamp i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Dagbladet 30.08.2009

The comprehensive peace agreement in the Sudan: Institutional developments and political trends in focus areas
Samson S. Wassara (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2009: 1) 21 p.

The impact of the international financial crisis on the economy of the Sudan
Medani M. Ahmed (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2009: 1) 30 p.

Confronting corruption in humanitarian aid: Perspectives and options
Peter Walker, Daniel Maxwell (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:3) 4 p.

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Debates on Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum
Liv Tønnessen (2008)
in Journal of North African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 455-469

One Against All: The National Islamic Front (NIF) and Sudanese Sectarian and Secular Parties
Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (SWP Working Paper SWP 2008: 6) 14 p.

Post-Conflict Peace-Building and Socio-Economic Integration Issues in Southwest Kordofan
Abdalbasit Saeed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2008: 3) 48 p.

External Debts, Growth and Peace in the Sudan. Some Serious Challenges Facing the Country in the Post-Conflict Era
Medani Mohmed Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report SR 2008: 1) 76 p.

Can the Sudan Achieve the MDGs Given its Past and Present Expenditures Allocation Patterns?
Medani Mohmed Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2008: 2)

Is it the Fault of NGOs Alone? Aid and Dependency in Eastern Sudan
Munzoul A. M. Assal (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 5) 19 p.

Kan vi gjøre noe?
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2008)
Dagbladet 05.05.08

Communal Land Rights and Peace-Building in North Kordofan: Policy and Legislative Challenges
Mustafa Babiker (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 3) 14 p.

Peace without Unity: The Dilemma of Reconciling Divergent Perspectives in Post-Conflict Sudan
Atta El-Battahani (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 4) 18 p.

The Politics of Local Boundaries and Conflict in Sudan. The South Darfur Case
Yousif Takana (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 2) 20 p.

Transforming Pastoralism: A Case Study of the Rufa'a al Hoi Ethnic Group in the Blue Nile State, Sudan
Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 1)

Arab Foreign Aid: Disbursement Patterns, Aid Policies and Motives
Espen Villanger (2007)
in Forum for Development Studies vol. 34 no. 2

Land Issues and Poverty Production: Requirements for Lasting Peace in Sudan and Afghanistan
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand (2007)
Washington DC: IFPRI (2020 Focus Brief on the World's Poor and Hungry People) 4 p.

Discrimination in the Name of Religious Freedom: The Rights of Women and Non-Muslims after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Anne Sofie Roald (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007: 5) 50 p.

Competing Perceptions of Women's Civil Rights in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 4) 4 p.

Minoriteter i «muslimske land»
Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2007)
Bergens Tidende 30.06.2007

Norsk kvinnekamp i verden?
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Klassekampen 31.03.2007

Opprørere må sendes til Haag
Ingrid Samset (2006)
Aftenposten 06.07.06

Mannen bak Darfur-konflikten
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Ny Tid No. 19, 2006

Spillet om Darfur
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2006)
Aftenposten 06.10.2006

Hassan al-Turabi: Maktsyk Agitator eller Kvinnevennlig Demokrat?
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
Morgenbladet 8-14 September 2006

Glemte Konflikter i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen og Inger Johanne Tjoflaat (2006)
Bergens Tidende 25. 07. 2006

Sudan: Prospects for Peace. The Role of the International Community
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2005)
in Forced Migration Review no. 24 November pp. 13-14

Islamism and Democracy: An Inquiry into the Political Thought of the Sudanese Islamist Hassan al-Turabi
Liv Tønnessen (2005)
Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Cand. Polit. Degree. Bergen: Department of Comparative Politics. University of Bergen 159 p.

Fred i Sudan?
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2005)
Bergens tidende 16. mars

Peacebuilding in post-war situations: Lessons for Sudan
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2004)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2004: 13) 25 p.

Prospects for peace, security and human rights in Africa's Horn
Gunnar M. Sørbø and Siegfried Pausewang (eds.) (2004)
Bergen: Fagbokforlaget 168 p.

Pastoral ecosystems and the issue of scale
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2003)
in Ambio vol. 32 no. 2 pp. 113-117

Family Law Reform in Post-Conflict Sudan: Competing Claims for Gender Justice between Sharia and Women's Human Rights
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: Regime Change and the Participation of Women in Decision-Making" 7-8 of December 2013, Center for Arab Women forTraining and Research, Tunisia

Between Sharia and Human Rights: Sudanese Women's Strategies for Criminal Law Reform
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: Ida Blom conference, October 14 and 15 2013

Women's Sexual and reproductive rights in Sudan: Rape, early marriage and Female Genital Mutilation: What's Islam got to do with it?
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Presented at: The Legal Battlefield of Sexual and Reproductive Rights: Drivers, Dynamics and Health Consequences? at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, September 22, 2013.

Kvinner og den arabiske våren
Historiedagene på Songdal 05.05.2013

Kvinners rettigheter og den arabiske våren: To steg tilbake heller enn ett fremover?
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
Lillehammer Yrkeskvinners Klubb 31.01.2013

Women's political representation
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Conference on Women in Public Life at Center for Women's Studies, at Jordan University in Amman, Jordan, November 25-28, 2012.

Konflikt i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presentasjon for studenter fra sjøkrigsskolen 25.10.2012

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: American Anthropology Association, November 14-18 2012 in San Fransisco

Civil society and the armed forces
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Agents or Guardians:Military-civilian relations in Latin America and the Middle East

Islam and State in Moderation? Post-Islamism in Sudan (1989-2011)
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
Presented at: Sudan workshop, Chr. Michelsen Institutt (CMI), 16th and 17th of January 2012

Kvinnepolitikk i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2012)

How to account for the centrality of contests relating to women's rights in projects of Islamization?
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Trial lecture, University of Bergen December 1, 2011

From impunity to prosecution
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs November 11, 2011

Kvinnekamp i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
NORAD January 26, 2011

Sharia: Hva er Islamsk lov?
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Senioruniversitetet, Fana kulturhus November 8, 2011

Women's fight against violence and for justice in northern Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2011)
Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman Sudan May 16, 2011

The Politics of women's representation in Sudan: From the elites to the grasroots
Liv Tønnessen and Hilde Kjøstvedt (2010)
PRIO, Oslo March 2, 2010

Bargaining with patriarchy in Sudan: The art of reimagining Islam
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: Transnational/Global Feminism: Issues, Contestations, Challenges

The Moderation of the Islamist Movement in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2010)
Presented at: The annual norwegian political science conference

Power and the Gendered Interview: Bargaining with Patriarchy
Liv Tønnessen (2009)
Presented at: Sharia and Human Rights

Election Observation in Sudan - Possible Challenges
Hilde Kjøstvedt (2008)
Sudan Elections 2009 - a seminar organised by the Norwegian Support Group for Peace in Sudan June 13, 2008

Er islam og demokrati forenlig?Moderate islamisters nytolkning av Sharia
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Fagernes 09.11.2007

The Myth of a Reformist? Hassan al-Turabi and Women's Civil Rights within the Islamic Family Law in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: The seventh Nordic conference on Middle East Studies in Helsinki,Finland 21-23 September 2007 "The Middle East: Diversity - Variation - Interpretation

Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Interpretations of Women's Civil Rights within the Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum.
Liv Tønnessen (2007)
Presented at: Plural Legalities Workshop

Islamisme i Sudan
Liv Tønnessen (2006)
FN-Sambandet, Oslo

Staff and students from the following institutions are involved:

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

News from Sudan Tribune:

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NGOs urge South Sudan to ratify African Charter

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Sudan regrets rebels' rejection for national dialogue

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Sudan's opposition rejects presidential decree on regulation of political activities

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Djibouti hands Eritrean prisoners of war over to UNHCR

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Letter to the South Sudanese government on the ratification of the African Charter

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Abyei: Peace cannot be achieved through partial solutions

By Maiwen Dot Phoet April 15, 2014 - Over the past month, reports received from sources on the ground ...

CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute)
Phone: +47 47 93 80 00 - From abroad: +47 55 70 55 65
Fax: +47 47 93 80 01
E-mail: - Web:
P.O.Box 6033 Bedriftssenteret, N-5892 Bergen, Norway
Visiting address: Jekteviksbakken 31, Bergen