Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated December 2014):
The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich
This paper analyzes the 'Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution of the Crisis in South Sudan.' The Protocol was signed on 25 August 2014 by IGAD heads of states and governments as the basis for negotiating a mechanism to end the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan. Despite requiring an endorsement from all parties, only one party, the government, signed the Protocol. Why?
Bertrand Russell Peace Lecture, by Douglas H. Johnson
In this lecture Douglas H. Johnson outlines South Sudan's experience in peace making, looks at the legacy of war and the missed opportunities to deal with that legacy during the interim period prior to independence, analyses the contribution of the diaspora in promoting either conflict or peace, and suggests how the experience of South Sudanese might be harnessed towards creating a space for peace.
The conflict between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) has had a heavy cost on civilians living in South Kordofan. Security concerns are an increasing threat to the population, displacement is a major problem, food security is poor, education has been seriously impacted by the conflict, and health statistics are dramatic.
South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng
Land issues continue to arise as a source of instability in South Sudan. Although significant legislative reforms have been made since the end of the war in 2005, the laws remain largely unimplemented. Most land governance institutions operate according to procedures developed in the colonial era, and there is a wide divergence between law and practice.
HSBA, Small Armes Survey, Joshua Craze
More than three years have passed since South Sudan seceded from Sudan, but there is still no agreement over the 2,010-km border that divides the two countries. The border remains militarized and trade disrupted, and the northern pastoralists who seasonally migrate into South Sudan are harassed.
LRA Crisis Tracker
Despite being the subject of countless media reports Joseph Kony has remained an elusive figure, spurning the outside world and isolating himself in remote jungle hideouts. This has been especially true since 2008, when he had his last confirmed communication with anyone outside of the Lord's Resistance Army.This report maps and analyzes Kony's movements since 2005.
These days the term "people to people" seems to be bandied about by anyone who wants to raise funds for their own particular peace and reconciliation initiative. However People to People was not primarily about conferences; it was about months and indeed years of patient preparation, mobilisation, awareness-raising, consultation and trust-building on the ground before the high-profile conferences took place, says John Ashworth.
Rift Valley Institute, Douglas H. Johnson
In this research paper, Douglas Johnson explains how the idea of federalism evolved in the colonial era as part of the southern search for political identity. His paper discusses attitudes towards federalism and the ways it was presented from before Sudan's independence in 1956, up to South Sudan's independence today.
Small Arms Survey, HSBA
This map from HSBA shows locations of major clashes since May 2014 and areas of control as of October 2014.
Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell, Santschi & Gordon
This paper reviews large-scale humanitarian operations in South Sudan, focusing on what lessons can be learnt from Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS).
Enough Project, Fleischner
South Sudan's civil war has its origins in a power struggle between factions aligned with President Salva Kiir and those who have joined former Vice President Riek Machar. Despite repeated pledges to put down their weapons, a negotiated settlement seems to be nowhere near. Unless the calculations of the leaders of the warring parties are altered, the war will continue and likely intensify.
UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin
This report from the UN Human Rights Council provides an appraisal of the human rights situation in the Sudan over the period October 2013 to July 2014. It provides an overview of the general human rights situation in the Sudan and outlines the major human rights challenges faced by the Government, describing the progress made in meeting these challenges.
This report from Amnesty International examines allegations of human rights violations, including the excessive use of force to disperse protests, committed by the security services in Sudan during four protests that occurred between 2012 and 2014.
South Sudan Law Society, Deng
This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.
Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani
A number of broken peace agreements has driven Sudan into deep conflict, leading to the secession of South Sudan in 2011, and creating a crisis which still threatens the country with further violence and dismemberment. The country stands at a crossroads, and calls for change are coming from all quarters, even from inside the regime itself. Change seems to be the catchword for all actors, argues Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani.
Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi
This paper is intended as a brief reflection on the current situation in South Sudan. It outlines observations on the current situation, concludes with some reflections on the need for better information and analysis, and outlines a short-term research agenda.
The Brenthurst Foundation, Clapham
Independence struggles often promote the formation of an effective movement in opposition that should provide the basis for a viable government once victory is achieved. Nowhere in Africa, however, has a liberation movement transformed itself seamlessly into a national government.
Luka Biong Deng
Institute for Security Studies, Paula Cristina Roque
Transforming the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) is vital in achieving sustainable peace in South Sudan, argues Paula Cristina Roque. Transforming the SPLM entails ensuring that politics become demilitarised; party structures reach the grassroots; and decision-making rules and leadership succession processes are established
The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok
This analysis from the Sudd Institute suggests that the stalemate in the peace process is costly, and that the solution to the current crisis lies with the warring parties, the South Sudanese citizenry, and the international community. It also argues that the peace process lacks genuine intent to end the conflict.
Show resources for these topics: Abyei Blue Nile State Chad China CPA CPA Implementation Darfur Darfur Peace Process East Sudan Economic Cooperation Elections Gender Governance Human Rights Inequality Literature on Peacebuilding Natural resources North Sudan Peace Peacebuilding Poverty Publications Referendum Referendum 2011 Regional Development Rule of Law South Sudan Southern Kordofan - Nuba mountains Sudan Sudan Economy The Three Areas Women and Displacement Women in Peacebuilding Women's Rights
Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.
Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.
Norge i Sudan - på bunnen av sola Bibiana Dahle Piene (2014)
Evaluation methodologies for aid in conflict edited by Ole Winckler Andersen, Beate Bull, Megan Kennedy-Chouane (2014)
Disrupting territories - land, commodification Jörg Gertel, Richard Rottenburg (2014)
Sudan divided - continuing conflict in a contested state edited by Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2013)
Dealing with government in South Sudan - histories of chiefship, community Cherry Leonardi (2013)
The Borderlands of South Sudan - authority and identity in contemporary and historical perspectives edited by Christopher Vaughan, Mareike Schomerus, Lotje de Vries (2013)
Against a tide of evil - how one man became the whistleblower to the first mass murder of the twenty-first century Mukesh Kapila, [Damien Lewis] (2013)
Mediation and liberal peacebuilding - peace from the ashes of war? edited by Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic (2013)
The pastoral Fulbe in the Sudan Funj region - a study of the interaction between state and society Elhadi Ibrahim Osman (2013)