Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated January 2015):

Lessons from International Engagement with South Sudan 2011- 2014

All Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan

The responsibility for South Sudan's current state of conflict must ultimately lie with the country's political leadership. Yet, this does not preclude the question of what the international community could have done differently following South Sudan's independence and what lessons can be drawn for future engagement, argues this report from the All Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan.

The Conflict in Unity State

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

It is now thirteen months since the beginning of the South Sudanese conflict. Peace negotiations, which continued during the rainy season, have failed to overcome the substantial divergences between the two sides' positions.

"Will they protect us for the next ten years?" UN peacekeeping in South Sudan

Stimson Center and the Sudd Institute,

UNMISS will have to make tough choices about how to prioritize its scarce resources to protect people by preventing or mitigating deliberate violence against civilians. This report provides recommendations that could help UNMISS achieve its mandated objectives to protect some of the people most threatened by deliberate violence against civilians.

Sudan and South Sudan's Merging Conflicts

International Crisis Group, Africa Report No 223

Since December 2013, the divorce between Sudan and South Sudan has been followed by a new phase of civil war in South Sudan in which the now two countries' wars are increasingly merged.This report from International Crisis Group calls for more effective mediation, including greater IGAD outreach to armed groups and hardliners across South Sudan, better coordination with AU mediation in Sudan and more strategic and concerted U.S. and Chinese help to break the regional deadlock.

South Sudan: The Cost of War

Frontier Economics, Center for Conflict Resolution, Centre for Peace and Development Studies

The economic costs of the conflict in South Sudan are substantial, with a projected drop of 15% in South Sudan's GDP for 2014.This report from Frontier Economics, the Center for Conflict Resolution and the Centre for Peace and Development Studies looks forward from January 2015 to quantify the additional economic costs that would be incurred by South Sudan, other countries in the neighbouring region, and the wider international community, should the conflict continue.

Invisible Labour: The Political Economy of Reintegration in South Sudan

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 8:4, Jairo Munive

Current practice for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) in South Sudan centres on ex-combatants' reintegration through encouraging entrepreneurship and selfemployment and thereby their willingness to take risks and responsibility. This article by Jairo Munive argues that DDR interventions seldom capture the labour market experience of demobilized combatants. Self-employment is the solution to the process of reintegration, empowerment and ultimately a key to statebuilding.

Understanding the implications of the Pagak and Juba Peace Conferences

The Sudd Institute, Weekly Review, Augustino Ting Mayai

The IGAD's roadmap should be influenced by facts, not mere partisan politics as told by the warring parties themselves, argues Augustino Ting Mayai in this Weekly Review from the Sudd Institute. Based on policy analyses, the parties first need to engage in IGAD's facilitated dialogues, agree on what might be the causes of war, and then come up with an appropriate settlement model.

Embattled for Legitimacy: GoSS and the 2015 Elections

The Sudd Institute, Weekly Review, Augustino Ting Mayai

Peace is required for an inclusive, credible electoral process in South Sudan, argues Mayai in this Weekly review from the Sudd Institute. He calls for peace to be restored first, followed by radical reforms, and then political exercises as in the census and general elections

Inclusivity: A Challenge to the IGAD-Led South Sudanese Peace Process

The Sudd Institite Policy Brief, Zacharia D. Akol

For eleven months, the northeastern African regional bloc, the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), has been leading the world's response to the crisis in South Sudan. However, IGAD's efforts seem seriously challenged, as it has not been able to convince the belligerent parties to accept the inclusion of the other parties in the talks.

The political landscape of Sudan

PRIO lecture, Yasir Arman

- The Sudan question, which is in fact an African question, and indeed an international one too, especially in the context of developing countries and beyond, is the question of how to build modern states that embrace diversity, be it religious or ethno-cultural, and cater for social justice within a democratic framework, says Yasir Arman, SPLM/N Secretary General, SRF Secretary for External Affairs.

Republic of South Sudan, 2014 Article IV consultation

IMF Country Report No. 14/345

The International Monetary Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. This is the country report from the consultations with the Republic of South Sudan. It contains a staff report, an informational annex, a debt sustainability analysis, a staff statement and a press release.

Towards sustainable peace in Jonglei state

Conflict Dynamics International, discussion paper

The research project "Building the House of Governance: Towards sustainable peace in Jonglei State" captured ideas on how governance reforms could help build peace by engaging constituencies in discussions. This report presents findings and analysis of their perceptions of governance and conflict.

Deconstructing the protocol on crisis resolution

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

This paper analyzes the 'Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution of the Crisis in South Sudan.' The Protocol was signed on 25 August 2014 by IGAD heads of states and governments as the basis for negotiating a mechanism to end the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan. Despite requiring an endorsement from all parties, only one party, the government, signed the Protocol. Why?

South Sudan's Experience At Peace Making

Bertrand Russell Peace Lecture, by Douglas H. Johnson

In this lecture Douglas H. Johnson outlines South Sudan's experience in peace making, looks at the legacy of war and the missed opportunities to deal with that legacy during the interim period prior to independence, analyses the contribution of the diaspora in promoting either conflict or peace, and suggests how the experience of South Sudanese might be harnessed towards creating a space for peace.

Life under Siege - South Kordofan Needs Assessment

Enough Project,

The conflict between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) has had a heavy cost on civilians living in South Kordofan. Security concerns are an increasing threat to the population, displacement is a major problem, food security is poor, education has been seriously impacted by the conflict, and health statistics are dramatic.

Findings of the Land Governance Assessment Framework

South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng

Land issues continue to arise as a source of instability in South Sudan. Although significant legislative reforms have been made since the end of the war in 2005, the laws remain largely unimplemented. Most land governance institutions operate according to procedures developed in the colonial era, and there is a wide divergence between law and practice.

Contested Borders: Continuing Tensions over the Sudan-South Sudan border

HSBA, Small Armes Survey, Joshua Craze

More than three years have passed since South Sudan seceded from Sudan, but there is still no agreement over the 2,010-km border that divides the two countries. The border remains militarized and trade disrupted, and the northern pastoralists who seasonally migrate into South Sudan are harassed.

Tracking Joseph Kony - A rebel leader's nine-year odyssey

LRA Crisis Tracker

Despite being the subject of countless media reports Joseph Kony has remained an elusive figure, spurning the outside world and isolating himself in remote jungle hideouts. This has been especially true since 2008, when he had his last confirmed communication with anyone outside of the Lord's Resistance Army.This report maps and analyzes Kony's movements since 2005.

The People to People Peace Process

John Ashworth

These days the term "people to people" seems to be bandied about by anyone who wants to raise funds for their own particular peace and reconciliation initiative. However People to People was not primarily about conferences; it was about months and indeed years of patient preparation, mobilisation, awareness-raising, consultation and trust-building on the ground before the high-profile conferences took place, says John Ashworth.

Federalism in the history of South Sudanese political thought

Rift Valley Institute, Douglas H. Johnson

In this research paper, Douglas Johnson explains how the idea of federalism evolved in the colonial era as part of the southern search for political identity. His paper discusses attitudes towards federalism and the ways it was presented from before Sudan's independence in 1956, up to South Sudan's independence today.

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

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