Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated February 2015):

Mass rape in Darfur

Human Rights Watch

Over the course of 36 hours beginning on October 30, 2014, Sudanese army troops carried out a series of attacks against the civilian population of the town of Tabit in North Darfur, Sudan. The attacks included the mass rape of women and girls and the arbitrary detention, beating and ill-treatment of scores of people, according to Human Rights Watch.

Investing in Human Capital: Putting our Money Behind Our Words

The Sudd Institute policy brief, Bol

This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities, suggesting increased health spending for improved health outcomes in South Sudan.

Oil and Sustainable Peace in South Sudan

South Sudan Law Society, Deng

The newly independence nation of South Sudan displays all the telltale signs of the resource curse. Unless urgent measures are put in place to ensure greater transparency and accountability over the use of oil revenue, the economic crisis facing South Sudan may ultimately inflict as much damage on the young nation as the war itself, writes David K. Deng.

Update on Abyei

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

This is a detailed report on the current political and security situation in the disputed region. The former South Sudanese co-chair of the AJOC, Edward Lino, has joined the SPLM-IO; Abyei will not participate in either the Sudanese or South Sudanese elections; a series of high-level dismissals during the last year has weakened the Ngok Dinka's position in the SPLM; and the Missiriya migration is in full-swing, with UNISFA effectively acting as bodyguards in the north of Abyei.

Conflict in the Two Areas

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

This update provides a detailed fieldwork-based update on the beginning of the dry season military campaigns in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, the state of negotiations, and the growing alignment of the Sudan Revolutionary Front and the unarmed Sudanese political opposition.

Investing in Human Capital: Putting our Money Behind Our Words

The Sudd Institute policy brief, Juliana Bol

This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. It assesses planned government spending as a barometer of national priorities, focusing on the 2014-2015 fiscal year. The focus is on social accountability or justice. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities.

National Reconciliation in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute policy brief, Jok Madut Jok

South Sudan needs a robust and comprehensive program of communal reconciliation, a project that confronts head-on the history of violence, its drivers, issues of justice and accountability, all politically and financially supported by the state but not singularly driven by them, argues Jok Madut Jok in this policy brief from the Sudd Institute.

Lessons from International Engagement with South Sudan 2011- 2014

All Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan

The responsibility for South Sudan's current state of conflict must ultimately lie with the country's political leadership. Yet, this does not preclude the question of what the international community could have done differently following South Sudan's independence and what lessons can be drawn for future engagement, argues this report from the All Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan.

The Conflict in Unity State

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

It is now thirteen months since the beginning of the South Sudanese conflict. Peace negotiations, which continued during the rainy season, have failed to overcome the substantial divergences between the two sides' positions.

"Will they protect us for the next ten years?" UN peacekeeping in South Sudan

Stimson Center and the Sudd Institute,

UNMISS will have to make tough choices about how to prioritize its scarce resources to protect people by preventing or mitigating deliberate violence against civilians. This report provides recommendations that could help UNMISS achieve its mandated objectives to protect some of the people most threatened by deliberate violence against civilians.

Sudan and South Sudan's Merging Conflicts

International Crisis Group, Africa Report No 223

Since December 2013, the divorce between Sudan and South Sudan has been followed by a new phase of civil war in South Sudan in which the now two countries' wars are increasingly merged.This report from International Crisis Group calls for more effective mediation, including greater IGAD outreach to armed groups and hardliners across South Sudan, better coordination with AU mediation in Sudan and more strategic and concerted U.S. and Chinese help to break the regional deadlock.

South Sudan: The Cost of War

Frontier Economics, Center for Conflict Resolution, Centre for Peace and Development Studies

The economic costs of the conflict in South Sudan are substantial, with a projected drop of 15% in South Sudan's GDP for 2014.This report from Frontier Economics, the Center for Conflict Resolution and the Centre for Peace and Development Studies looks forward from January 2015 to quantify the additional economic costs that would be incurred by South Sudan, other countries in the neighbouring region, and the wider international community, should the conflict continue.

Invisible Labour: The Political Economy of Reintegration in South Sudan

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 8:4, Jairo Munive

Current practice for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) in South Sudan centres on ex-combatants' reintegration through encouraging entrepreneurship and selfemployment and thereby their willingness to take risks and responsibility. This article by Jairo Munive argues that DDR interventions seldom capture the labour market experience of demobilized combatants. Self-employment is the solution to the process of reintegration, empowerment and ultimately a key to statebuilding.

Understanding the implications of the Pagak and Juba Peace Conferences

The Sudd Institute, Weekly Review, Augustino Ting Mayai

The IGAD's roadmap should be influenced by facts, not mere partisan politics as told by the warring parties themselves, argues Augustino Ting Mayai in this Weekly Review from the Sudd Institute. Based on policy analyses, the parties first need to engage in IGAD's facilitated dialogues, agree on what might be the causes of war, and then come up with an appropriate settlement model.

Embattled for Legitimacy: GoSS and the 2015 Elections

The Sudd Institute, Weekly Review, Augustino Ting Mayai

Peace is required for an inclusive, credible electoral process in South Sudan, argues Mayai in this Weekly review from the Sudd Institute. He calls for peace to be restored first, followed by radical reforms, and then political exercises as in the census and general elections

Inclusivity: A Challenge to the IGAD-Led South Sudanese Peace Process

The Sudd Institite Policy Brief, Zacharia D. Akol

For eleven months, the northeastern African regional bloc, the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), has been leading the world's response to the crisis in South Sudan. However, IGAD's efforts seem seriously challenged, as it has not been able to convince the belligerent parties to accept the inclusion of the other parties in the talks.

The political landscape of Sudan

PRIO lecture, Yasir Arman

- The Sudan question, which is in fact an African question, and indeed an international one too, especially in the context of developing countries and beyond, is the question of how to build modern states that embrace diversity, be it religious or ethno-cultural, and cater for social justice within a democratic framework, says Yasir Arman, SPLM/N Secretary General, SRF Secretary for External Affairs.

Republic of South Sudan, 2014 Article IV consultation

IMF Country Report No. 14/345

The International Monetary Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. This is the country report from the consultations with the Republic of South Sudan. It contains a staff report, an informational annex, a debt sustainability analysis, a staff statement and a press release.

Towards sustainable peace in Jonglei state

Conflict Dynamics International, discussion paper

The research project "Building the House of Governance: Towards sustainable peace in Jonglei State" captured ideas on how governance reforms could help build peace by engaging constituencies in discussions. This report presents findings and analysis of their perceptions of governance and conflict.

Deconstructing the protocol on crisis resolution

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

This paper analyzes the 'Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution of the Crisis in South Sudan.' The Protocol was signed on 25 August 2014 by IGAD heads of states and governments as the basis for negotiating a mechanism to end the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan. Despite requiring an endorsement from all parties, only one party, the government, signed the Protocol. Why?

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

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