Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated September 2014):

Truth and Dignity Commission

South Sudan Law Society, Deng

This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.

National dialogue in Sudan: experiences and challenges

Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani

A number of broken peace agreements has driven Sudan into deep conflict, leading to the secession of South Sudan in 2011, and creating a crisis which still threatens the country with further violence and dismemberment. The country stands at a crossroads, and calls for change are coming from all quarters, even from inside the regime itself. Change seems to be the catchword for all actors, argues Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani.

From recovery and state building to a new humanitarian emergency

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi

This paper is intended as a brief reflection on the current situation in South Sudan. It outlines observations on the current situation, concludes with some reflections on the need for better information and analysis, and outlines a short-term research agenda.

From Liberation Movement to Government

The Brenthurst Foundation, Clapham

Independence struggles often promote the formation of an effective movement in opposition that should provide the basis for a viable government once victory is achieved. Nowhere in Africa, however, has a liberation movement transformed itself seamlessly into a national government.

Reforming the SPLM

Institute for Security Studies, Paula Cristina Roque

Transforming the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) is vital in achieving sustainable peace in South Sudan, argues Paula Cristina Roque. Transforming the SPLM entails ensuring that politics become demilitarised; party structures reach the grassroots; and decision-making rules and leadership succession processes are established

South Sudan's crisis

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

This analysis from the Sudd Institute suggests that the stalemate in the peace process is costly, and that the solution to the current crisis lies with the warring parties, the South Sudanese citizenry, and the international community. It also argues that the peace process lacks genuine intent to end the conflict.

South Sudan's New War

Human Rights Watch

This report from Human Rights Watch documents how widespread killings of civilians, often based on their ethnicity, and mass destruction and looting of civilian property, have defined the conflict in South Dudan. It calls for a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan.

"The Price of Silence"

Amnesty International

The freedom of expression has been increasingly eroded in South Sudan since independence in 2011. In this report, Amnesty International describes how journalists have been harrassed, intimidated and arbitrarily detained by South Sudan's authorities, while the government has failed to pass key laws to protect freedom of expression.

South Sudan crisis - situation report

OCHA South Sudan

This report from OCHA provides an extensive update on the South Sudan crisis.

South Sudan's Crisis: Its Drivers, Key Players, and Post-conflict Prospects

The Sudd Institute

This analysis from the Sudd Institute argues that historical issues that remained unresolved after the CPA significantly compounded it. To end the crisis, it is strongly recommended that the international community exert pressure on the warring parties.

Local security arrangements in Greater Upper Nile

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

Much of the fighting in South Sudan has been concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile region. This brief from the Small Arms Survey discusses the organization of local security arrangements in the Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region.

Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis

International Crisis Group, Jerôme Tubiana

The inclusion of civil society in efforts to defuse the South Sudan crisis has so far been fraught. In this blog post, Jerôme Tubiana at the International crisis group analyzes civil society's role in the South Sudan crisis.

The Impacts of Violence on Education in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute

This policy brief from the Sudd Institute analyzes the impacts of South Sudan's ongoing violence on education in the three states of Upper Nile. The report states that the war has led to pronounced reductions in educational activities and resources in the area, with school closure and mass outmigration as a result.

The Military Industry Corporation (MIC)

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

Sudan has become a significant arms manufacturer in Africa. This report from Small Arms Survey documents what is known about Sudan's Military Industry Corporation

Conflict, climate change and politics

HPG working paper, Levine, Peters &Fan

This working paper form ODI is based on analysis of three cases; Aceh, East Africa and Darfur. The three case studies show that, when disciplines are used techno-centrically and in the absence of sophisticated political analysis, there are significant risks that interventions designed to support resilience may do more harm than good.

Anyone who can carry a gun can go

PRIO paper, Breidlid and Arensen

This report from PRIO focuses on Nuer civilians who are fighting on the side of the SPLM/A-in-Opposition in the current civil war, popularly known as the White Army. There are many misconceptions about the White Army. It is not a single cohesive force, but comprises defense groups representing Nuer rural communities at various levels.

South Sudan-China Relations: A Reversed Courtship

Luka B. Deng Kuol

Given the enormous challenges facing Juba, South Sudan has to forge a new courtship in China. As part of its new diplomatic outreach, the Vice President will visit China towards the end of this month. As this visit has been cautiously arranged by Chinese Communist Party rather than by the Government of China, Juba will have an uphill task to be successful with its new courtship in China, writes Luka B. Deng Kuol.

Humanitarian negotiations with armed and non-state actors

Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI

Drawn from over 500 interviews with aid workers, members of armed groups and others, this policy brief from Humanitarian Policy Group highlights key lessons from a two-year research project on humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors in Afghanistan, Somalia and Sudan.

Reconciliation in South Sudan

KOFF critical reflections, von Habsburg-Lothringen & Jones

Since mid-December 2013 South Sudan has been caught up in armed violence that has brought severe human rights violations, death, devastation and displacement. This paper sums up the reflections of the participants at the KOFF roundtable in March 2014.

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Recommended resources:

Truth and Dignity Commission South Sudan Law Society, Deng

National dialogue in Sudan: experiences and challenges Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani

From recovery and state building to a new humanitarian emergency Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi

From Liberation Movement to Government The Brenthurst Foundation, Clapham

Why is South Sudan where it is today? Luka Biong Deng

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