Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated April 2014):

South Sudan, many pasts, no solutions?

Op-ed, von habsburg-Lothringen

'Now, the headlines seem to predict the trajectory of yet another failed state: committees investigating human rights abuses, demands for accountability, threat of sanctions, the call for justice, humanitarian appeals, accusations of international interference, trials against coup plotters. The war of words between yet another entrenched African government and donors. Was independence a mistake?' asks Ferdinand von Habsburg-Lothringen in this op-ed.

South Sudan's Violence: The Health Implications

The Sudd Institute, Mayai

This review from the Sudd Institute surveys the implications of current violence on health in South Sudan. It stresses that considerable emphasis needs to be placed upon Upper Nile region where the violence has been raging for the last few months. The situation of the internally displaced persons in Juba also requires a unique solution.

The 2015 National Census and Elections

The Sudd Institute, Mayai, Abucha & Jok

President Salva Kiir Mayardit has recently announced his plans for the next 12 months. This policy brief from the Sudd Institute emphasizes these politically promising signs, yet cautions the leadership against blanket political assurances. The analysis offers basic nuances into the census conduct, suggests the general elections be conducted in 2015, and calls for the establishment of presidential support technical team.

Threat of Sanctions against South Sudanese Leaders: What Implications?

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

The conflict in South Sudan has escalated into civil war. This review from the Sudd Institute weighs the impact of both the government's approach to the crisis and the current position taken by the Western countries.

South Sudan: A civil war by any other name

International Crisis Group, Africa report no 217

In December 2013, civil war broke out in South Sudan. Continuing figthing has displaced more than 1,000,000 and killed over 10,000. A humanitarian crisis threatens many more. Resolving the conflict requires not a quick fix but sustained domestic and international commitment. The country needs fundamental reworking of the governance agreement between and within elites and communities if a negotiated settlement is to lead to a sustainable peace.

In the eye of the storm

Feinstein International Center, Rachel Gordon

This working paper aims to shed light on the conflict dynamics of one of the country's poorest and least-analysed states - Jonglei - through the post-Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and independence period, leading up to the present crisis.

Search for Lasting Peace: Ending South Sudan's Devastating Conflict

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

For over two months, the people of South Sudan have been experiencing a renewed and devastating conflict that has inflicted significant suffering. The International Crisis Group (ICG) estimates that 10,000 people have been killed and hundreds of thousands forced into refuge. In this policy brief, the Sudd Institute reviews, analyzes and recommends solutions to end the conflict and to prevent future outbreaks.

"Peace Must Come Soon" - a field dispatch from South Sudan

The Enough Project, Prendergast

This report documents the atrocities committed in Unity, Upper Nile, Central Equatoria, and Jonglei states. The U.N. has declared South Sudan a Level 3 humanitarian emergency. The cessation of hostilities agreement between the warring parties appears to have collapsed entirely.

A strategy for achieving gender equality in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, Edward

This report from the Sudd Institute examines how structural factors, customary laws and traditional practices, and economic hardships shape women's status and hinder their effective participation in leadership positions in South Sudan. It proposes strategies for addressing gender disparities and achievement of gender equality in South Sudan.

The 2015 National Census and Elections

The Sudd Institute, Mayai, Abucha & Jok

This policy brief from the Sudd Institute suggests the general elections be conducted in 2015, and calls for the establishment of a presidential support technical team. The brief also discusses the national census, implications of the current violence, and the long-term implications of empty political assurances.

The Unwarranted Carnage in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, Abraham A. Awolich

South Sudan has experienced a catastrophic violence since its independence merely two and half years ago. The conflict, which emanates mainly from a mismanaged political discord, has caused massive loss in lives, property, and social cohesion and is threatening to degenerate into a civil war. This policy brief from the Sudd Institute analyses regarding the wave of violence in the country, with the aim to offer recommendations for objectively ending this conflict.

Mapping conflict motives: The Sudan-South Sudan border

IPIS, Spittaels & Weyns

This report from IPIS analyses the conflict dynamics in the wider border area spanning Sudan and South Sudan. The analysis specifically looks into the motivations and interests of the parties involved in the interstate, intrastate and local conflicts in this area. Where are conflict parties focussing their efforts? Which strategic interests do they prioritise and ignore? What do they want to achieve? And do their actions correspond to their rhetoric?

Trafficking and Torture of Eritreans in Sudan and Egypt

Human Rights Watch

This report from Human Rights Watch documents that Egyptian traffickers have tortured Eritreans for ransom in the Sinai Peninsula, including through rape, burning, and mutilation. It also documents torture by traffickers in eastern Sudan. Sudanese and Egyptian security officers often facilitate trafficker abuses rather than arresting them and rescuing their victims.

Fragility and State-Society Relations in South Sudan

Africa Center for Strategic Studies, Kate Almquist Knopf

The foundation of the South Sudanese state must come before the structure is built. Generating renewed confidence in state-society relations will provide the social capital needed to strengthen the institutions most central to ending violence.

Unleashing the potential for good governance

South Sudanese Professionals in Diaspora

Good governance can unleash the full potential of South Sudan. In this report, researchers belonging to the South Sudanese diaspora explore how South Sudan can achieve this goal through restructuring of the armed forces; the establishment of an independent and representative judiciary; the supremacy of the rule of law translated into respect for human rights, freedom of press and association, with multi-party democracy enshrined in the constitution.

Sudan's spreading conflict: the limits of Darfur's peace process

International Crisis Group, Africa Report No211

The violence in Darfur spiked in 2013. Recent fighting has displaced nearly half a million additional civilians - in all 3.2 million Darfurians need humanitarian help. If Darfur is to have durable peace, all parties to the country's multiple conflicts need to develop a more coherent means of addressing both local conflicts and nationwide stresses, the latter through a comprehensive national dialogue; eschew piecemeal approaches; embrace inclusive talks; and recommit to Sudan's unity.

South Sudan's Anti-Corruption Efforts and Poor Global Ranking

The Sudd Institute, Policy Brief

South Sudan has been ranked as the third most corrupt country in the world, according to Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index. In this policy brief, the Sudd Institute highlights the factors that have caused South Sudan a high corruption ranking, discusses the implications and anti-corruption efforts, and makes recommendations on how to improve South Sudan's corruption perception at home and the global stage

Understanding the Emergence of South Sudan's Current Violence

The Sudd Institute, Augustino Ting Mayai

This review from the Sudd Institute analyzes political, social, and institutional explanations of the present South Sudanese unrest. The review also presents remedial suggestions.

Crisis and Opportunity in South Sudan

United States Institute of Peace, Peacebrief 164

South Sudan is in crisis. The violence since mid-December has been horrific, but the crisis also presents an opportunity to put South Sudan back on the path of democratization, good governance, and peace. This brief from the United States Institute of Peace examines what needs to happen to create a foundation for lasting peace and stability

The Conflict in Unity State

HSBA, Small Arms Survey

This report from HSBA describes the rebellion in Pariang, Abiemnom, and Mayom counties of Unity in December 2013 and January 2014.

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

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