Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated October 2014):
Rift Valley Institute, Douglas H. Johnson
In this research paper, Douglas Johnson explains how the idea of federalism evolved in the colonial era as part of the southern search for political identity. His paper discusses attitudes towards federalism and the ways it was presented from before Sudan's independence in 1956, up to South Sudan's independence today.
Small Arms Survey, HSBA
This map from HSBA shows locations of major clashes since May 2014 and areas of control as of October 2014.
Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell, Santschi & Gordon
This paper reviews large-scale humanitarian operations in South Sudan, focusing on what lessons can be learnt from Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS).
Enough Project, Fleischner
South Sudan's civil war has its origins in a power struggle between factions aligned with President Salva Kiir and those who have joined former Vice President Riek Machar. Despite repeated pledges to put down their weapons, a negotiated settlement seems to be nowhere near. Unless the calculations of the leaders of the warring parties are altered, the war will continue and likely intensify.
UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin
This report from the UN Human Rights Council provides an appraisal of the human rights situation in the Sudan over the period October 2013 to July 2014. It provides an overview of the general human rights situation in the Sudan and outlines the major human rights challenges faced by the Government, describing the progress made in meeting these challenges.
This report from Amnesty International examines allegations of human rights violations, including the excessive use of force to disperse protests, committed by the security services in Sudan during four protests that occurred between 2012 and 2014.
South Sudan Law Society, Deng
This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.
Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani
A number of broken peace agreements has driven Sudan into deep conflict, leading to the secession of South Sudan in 2011, and creating a crisis which still threatens the country with further violence and dismemberment. The country stands at a crossroads, and calls for change are coming from all quarters, even from inside the regime itself. Change seems to be the catchword for all actors, argues Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani.
Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi
This paper is intended as a brief reflection on the current situation in South Sudan. It outlines observations on the current situation, concludes with some reflections on the need for better information and analysis, and outlines a short-term research agenda.
The Brenthurst Foundation, Clapham
Independence struggles often promote the formation of an effective movement in opposition that should provide the basis for a viable government once victory is achieved. Nowhere in Africa, however, has a liberation movement transformed itself seamlessly into a national government.
Luka Biong Deng
Institute for Security Studies, Paula Cristina Roque
Transforming the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) is vital in achieving sustainable peace in South Sudan, argues Paula Cristina Roque. Transforming the SPLM entails ensuring that politics become demilitarised; party structures reach the grassroots; and decision-making rules and leadership succession processes are established
The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok
This analysis from the Sudd Institute suggests that the stalemate in the peace process is costly, and that the solution to the current crisis lies with the warring parties, the South Sudanese citizenry, and the international community. It also argues that the peace process lacks genuine intent to end the conflict.
Human Rights Watch
This report from Human Rights Watch documents how widespread killings of civilians, often based on their ethnicity, and mass destruction and looting of civilian property, have defined the conflict in South Dudan. It calls for a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan.
The freedom of expression has been increasingly eroded in South Sudan since independence in 2011. In this report, Amnesty International describes how journalists have been harrassed, intimidated and arbitrarily detained by South Sudan's authorities, while the government has failed to pass key laws to protect freedom of expression.
OCHA South Sudan
This report from OCHA provides an extensive update on the South Sudan crisis.
The Sudd Institute
This analysis from the Sudd Institute argues that historical issues that remained unresolved after the CPA significantly compounded it. To end the crisis, it is strongly recommended that the international community exert pressure on the warring parties.
Small Arms Survey, HSBA
Much of the fighting in South Sudan has been concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile region. This brief from the Small Arms Survey discusses the organization of local security arrangements in the Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region.
International Crisis Group, Jerôme Tubiana
The inclusion of civil society in efforts to defuse the South Sudan crisis has so far been fraught. In this blog post, Jerôme Tubiana at the International crisis group analyzes civil society's role in the South Sudan crisis.
The Sudd Institute
This policy brief from the Sudd Institute analyzes the impacts of South Sudan's ongoing violence on education in the three states of Upper Nile. The report states that the war has led to pronounced reductions in educational activities and resources in the area, with school closure and mass outmigration as a result.
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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.
Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.
Norge i Sudan - på bunnen av sola Bibiana Dahle Piene (2014)
Evaluation methodologies for aid in conflict edited by Ole Winckler Andersen, Beate Bull, Megan Kennedy-Chouane (2014)
Disrupting territories - land, commodification Jörg Gertel, Richard Rottenburg (2014)
Sudan divided - continuing conflict in a contested state edited by Gunnar M. Sørbø and Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed (2013)
Dealing with government in South Sudan - histories of chiefship, community Cherry Leonardi (2013)
The Borderlands of South Sudan - authority and identity in contemporary and historical perspectives edited by Christopher Vaughan, Mareike Schomerus, Lotje de Vries (2013)
Against a tide of evil - how one man became the whistleblower to the first mass murder of the twenty-first century Mukesh Kapila, [Damien Lewis] (2013)
Mediation and liberal peacebuilding - peace from the ashes of war? edited by Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic (2013)
The pastoral Fulbe in the Sudan Funj region - a study of the interaction between state and society Elhadi Ibrahim Osman (2013)