Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

Recent recommended resources on the Sudans (last updated August 2014):

Reforming the SPLM

Institute for Security Studies, Paula Cristina Roque

Transforming the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) is vital in achieving sustainable peace in South Sudan, argues Paula Cristina Roque. Transforming the SPLM entails ensuring that politics become demilitarised; party structures reach the grassroots; and decision-making rules and leadership succession processes are established

South Sudan's crisis

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

This analysis from the Sudd Institute suggests that the stalemate in the peace process is costly, and that the solution to the current crisis lies with the warring parties, the South Sudanese citizenry, and the international community. It also argues that the peace process lacks genuine intent to end the conflict.

South Sudan's New War

Human Rights Watch

This report from Human Rights Watch documents how widespread killings of civilians, often based on their ethnicity, and mass destruction and looting of civilian property, have defined the conflict in South Dudan. It calls for a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan.

"The Price of Silence"

Amnesty International

The freedom of expression has been increasingly eroded in South Sudan since independence in 2011. In this report, Amnesty International describes how journalists have been harrassed, intimidated and arbitrarily detained by South Sudan's authorities, while the government has failed to pass key laws to protect freedom of expression.

South Sudan crisis - situation report

OCHA South Sudan

This report from OCHA provides an extensive update on the South Sudan crisis.

South Sudan's Crisis: Its Drivers, Key Players, and Post-conflict Prospects

The Sudd Institute

This analysis from the Sudd Institute argues that historical issues that remained unresolved after the CPA significantly compounded it. To end the crisis, it is strongly recommended that the international community exert pressure on the warring parties.

Local security arrangements in Greater Upper Nile

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

Much of the fighting in South Sudan has been concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile region. This brief from the Small Arms Survey discusses the organization of local security arrangements in the Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region.

Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis

International Crisis Group, Jerôme Tubiana

The inclusion of civil society in efforts to defuse the South Sudan crisis has so far been fraught. In this blog post, Jerôme Tubiana at the International crisis group analyzes civil society's role in the South Sudan crisis.

The Impacts of Violence on Education in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute

This policy brief from the Sudd Institute analyzes the impacts of South Sudan's ongoing violence on education in the three states of Upper Nile. The report states that the war has led to pronounced reductions in educational activities and resources in the area, with school closure and mass outmigration as a result.

The Military Industry Corporation (MIC)

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

Sudan has become a significant arms manufacturer in Africa. This report from Small Arms Survey documents what is known about Sudan's Military Industry Corporation

Conflict, climate change and politics

HPG working paper, Levine, Peters &Fan

This working paper form ODI is based on analysis of three cases; Aceh, East Africa and Darfur. The three case studies show that, when disciplines are used techno-centrically and in the absence of sophisticated political analysis, there are significant risks that interventions designed to support resilience may do more harm than good.

Anyone who can carry a gun can go

PRIO paper, Breidlid and Arensen

This report from PRIO focuses on Nuer civilians who are fighting on the side of the SPLM/A-in-Opposition in the current civil war, popularly known as the White Army. There are many misconceptions about the White Army. It is not a single cohesive force, but comprises defense groups representing Nuer rural communities at various levels.

South Sudan-China Relations: A Reversed Courtship

Luka B. Deng Kuol

Given the enormous challenges facing Juba, South Sudan has to forge a new courtship in China. As part of its new diplomatic outreach, the Vice President will visit China towards the end of this month. As this visit has been cautiously arranged by Chinese Communist Party rather than by the Government of China, Juba will have an uphill task to be successful with its new courtship in China, writes Luka B. Deng Kuol.

Humanitarian negotiations with armed and non-state actors

Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI

Drawn from over 500 interviews with aid workers, members of armed groups and others, this policy brief from Humanitarian Policy Group highlights key lessons from a two-year research project on humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors in Afghanistan, Somalia and Sudan.

Reconciliation in South Sudan

KOFF critical reflections, von Habsburg-Lothringen & Jones

Since mid-December 2013 South Sudan has been caught up in armed violence that has brought severe human rights violations, death, devastation and displacement. This paper sums up the reflections of the participants at the KOFF roundtable in March 2014.

Special Court for Serious Crimes

South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng

This paper from the South Sudan Law Society (SSLS) proposes the establishment of a hybrid court, called the Special Court for Serious Crimes (SCSC), to prosecute individuals responsible for grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law that have been committed in South Sudan since December 2013. Explicit provision for justice and accountability is necessary to deter acts of aggression by the negotiating parties, and to support the development of a sustainable peace.

Options for political accommodation in the republic of the Sudan

Conflict Dynamics International, Governance and Peacebuilding Series, briefing paper no. 7

The Republic of the Sudan is changing. The separation of the South, the coming of age of a new generation, and the political and economic transformations taking place are combining to recast the country's politics. This briefing from Conflict Dynamics International presents tools and frameworks of political accommodation and outlines a series of technical options.

Diplomacy: A Key to Ending the Worsening Crisis in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, policy brief, Awolich

Attempts to speedily find a sustainable resolution to the conflict in South Sudan have been largely unsuccessful. The US and the UN have largely failed to take a lead in ending the crisis and evasively deferred to IGAD. Now that the crisis has seemingly spiraled out of control, the US and the UN have finally given the crisis the diplomatic primacy it deserves, states this policy brief from the Sudd Institute.

Local Peace Processes in Sudan and South Sudan

United States Institute of Peace, Peaceworks, Wilson

Sudan and South Sudan have seen numerous local peacebuilding efforts in recent years, yet violence continues largely unabated. Using the Western Corridor as a case study, this report from the United States Institute of Peace outlines the importance of understanding and improving local peace processes through an architecture that begins with conflict analysis, entails a common vision, and focuses on achieving specific objectives

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

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