International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI)
The outbreak of war in South Sudan on 15 December 2013 saw an abrupt change in the trajectory of peacekeeping in the country. It has forced the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to adapt from a predominant focus on peacebuilding to protecting civilians from mass atrocity.
Sudo UK, situation update
In August, SUDO UK's network of human rights monitors situated throughout Darfur, Blue Nile, and South Kordofan have reported and verified a large number of human rights violations and abuse.
Human Rights Watch,
In April and May of this year in central Unity, government forces, especially allied armed militia from the Bul Nuer ethnic group, killed, beat, and raped scores of civilians, burned homes and food stocks. The repeated attacks on civilians and the destruction of the homes and food they needed to survive caused systematic and widespread forced displacement.
Sudan Democracy First Group, paper no. 2, Oette &Abdel-Salam Babiker
This paper from the Sudan Democracy First Group explores the challenges and prospects for reform in the rule of law and human rights in Sudan.
Human Rights Watch
Over the course of 36 hours beginning on October 30, 2014, Sudanese army troops carried out a series of attacks against the civilian population of the town of Tabit in North Darfur, Sudan. The attacks included the mass rape of women and girls and the arbitrary detention, beating and ill-treatment of scores of people, according to Human Rights Watch.
UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin
This report from the UN Human Rights Council provides an appraisal of the human rights situation in the Sudan over the period October 2013 to July 2014. It provides an overview of the general human rights situation in the Sudan and outlines the major human rights challenges faced by the Government, describing the progress made in meeting these challenges.
This report from Amnesty International examines allegations of human rights violations, including the excessive use of force to disperse protests, committed by the security services in Sudan during four protests that occurred between 2012 and 2014.
South Sudan Law Society, Deng
This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.
Human Rights Watch
This report from Human Rights Watch documents how widespread killings of civilians, often based on their ethnicity, and mass destruction and looting of civilian property, have defined the conflict in South Dudan. It calls for a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan.
OCHA South Sudan
This report from OCHA provides an extensive update on the South Sudan crisis.
KOFF critical reflections, von Habsburg-Lothringen & Jones
Since mid-December 2013 South Sudan has been caught up in armed violence that has brought severe human rights violations, death, devastation and displacement. This paper sums up the reflections of the participants at the KOFF roundtable in March 2014.
South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng
This paper from the South Sudan Law Society (SSLS) proposes the establishment of a hybrid court, called the Special Court for Serious Crimes (SCSC), to prosecute individuals responsible for grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law that have been committed in South Sudan since December 2013. Explicit provision for justice and accountability is necessary to deter acts of aggression by the negotiating parties, and to support the development of a sustainable peace.
The conflict in South Sudan has devastated the lives of millions of people. In this report, Amnesty International claims that one of the most concerning aspects of the conflict is the way in which it has pitted ethnic communities-particularly Dinka and Nuer-against each other, rekindling historical rivalries.
United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)
The conflict in South Sudan has been devastating for the civilian population. This report from UNMISS states that there are reasonable grounds to believe that violations of international human rights and humanitarian law have been committed by both parties to the conflict. The findings impose an obligation on the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to investigate violations and to prosecute and punish those found to be responsible.
The Sudd Institute, Jok, Awolich & Tiitmamer
After several months in detention, the government of South Sudan has decided to stay the charges of treason that were brought against four prominent South Sudanese politicians in relation to the government's allegation that they had been part of a plot to overthrow the government of President Salva Kiir Mayardit. This brief provides the Sudd Institute's analysis on this issue.
South Sudan Human Rights Commission (SSHRC)
The South Sudan Human Rights Commission has a wide constitutional mandate which includes the mandate to investigate and report on violations of human rights in the country. This is their report on the human rights situation in South Sudan following the fighting that erupted in Juba in December 2013.
Op-ed, von habsburg-Lothringen
'Now, the headlines seem to predict the trajectory of yet another failed state: committees investigating human rights abuses, demands for accountability, threat of sanctions, the call for justice, humanitarian appeals, accusations of international interference, trials against coup plotters. The war of words between yet another entrenched African government and donors. Was independence a mistake?' asks Ferdinand von Habsburg-Lothringen in this op-ed.
Human Rights Watch
This report from Human Rights Watch documents that Egyptian traffickers have tortured Eritreans for ransom in the Sinai Peninsula, including through rape, burning, and mutilation. It also documents torture by traffickers in eastern Sudan. Sudanese and Egyptian security officers often facilitate trafficker abuses rather than arresting them and rescuing their victims.
South Sudanese Professionals in Diaspora
Good governance can unleash the full potential of South Sudan. In this report, researchers belonging to the South Sudanese diaspora explore how South Sudan can achieve this goal through restructuring of the armed forces; the establishment of an independent and representative judiciary; the supremacy of the rule of law translated into respect for human rights, freedom of press and association, with multi-party democracy enshrined in the constitution.
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, The Signal Program, May 2013
This is a geospatial-based study where the researchers have used a fusion of remote sensing and previously public event data. Key findings of the study include evidence of the destruction of more than 2,000 civilian dwellings and other structures, targeting and destruction of four humanitarian facilities and mass displacement of civilian populations.
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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.
Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.
Civil uprisings in modern Sudan - the 'Khartoum Springs' of 1964 and 1985 W.J. Berridge (2015)
Conflict in the Nuba Mountains - from genocide by attrition to the contemporary crisis in Sudan edited by Samuel Totten and Amanda F. Grzyb (2015)
Multidimensional change in Sudan (1989-2011) - reshaping livelihoods, conflicts and identities edited by Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul A.M. Assal and François Ireton (2015)
Gum Arabic - a gift from the bush Abul Gasim Seif el Din (2015)
Sudan's killing fields - political violence and fragmentation edited by Laura Nyantung Beny and Sondra Hale (2015)
På livet løs - med Norsk Folkehjelp i Sør-Sudan Halle Jørn Hanssen ; med forord av Thorvald Stoltenberg og Pa'gan Amum (2015)
Sudan and South Sudan - from one to two Bona Malwal (2015)
Past, present, and future - fifty years of anthropology in Sudan Munzoul A. M. Asal, Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2015)
Emerging orders in the Sudans editors, Sandra Calkins, Enrico Ille, Richard Rottenburg (2015)