Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

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Fields of Control: Oil and (In)security in Sudan and South Sudan

Small Arms Survey, HSBA Working Paper, Laura M. James

Since late 2013, relations between Sudan and South Sudan have been unusually cooperative, based on a common interest in keeping the oil flowing. This rapprochement remains vulnerable, however, not only to potential economic pressures and new disputes when the oil agreement expires at the end of 2016, but also to cross-border aspects of ongoing civil strife in both countries, combined with local tensions, argues Laura M. James in this working paper from HSBA.

The legacy of Kokora in South Sudan

SSLS, UPEACE Centre The Hague, Pax, Willems & Deng

This briefing paper presents the findings of a historical case study on Kokora, a word associated with the decentralization policy enacted in southern Sudan in 1983. The policy divided the semi-autonomous Southern Region in Sudan, into three smaller administrative regions.

Legacies of Enforced Disappearances in South Sudan

SSLS, UPEACE Centre The Hague, Pax, Willems & Deng

This briefing paper by David Deng and Rens Willems examines the legacy of enforced disappearances that occurred during the 22-year war in South Sudan.

Justice and Conflict in South Sudan

SSLS, UPEACE Centre The Hague, Pax, Willems & Deng

The preliminary findings presented in this paper are intended to stimulate research and debate on the needs and opportunities for justice and reconciliation in South Sudan. High incidence rates for violent crimes were evident in the sample population. At which levels of society do people think that reconciliation efforts should be undertaken? And which court should bring cases against those suspected for crimes?

The Role of Media in War and Peace in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

Much of the commentary in the media and the news reporting in South Sudan tends to be partisan either supporting the government or the opposition. It also tends to take a regional or ethnic line. Consequently, such stances have negatively affected the objectivity of the reporting and weakened the media's role as a vital instrument for democracy, justice, and accountability, argues Jok Madut Jok in this policy brief from the Sudd Institute.

The South Sudanization of the Petroleum Industry Through Local Content

The Sudd Institute, Nhial Tiitmamer

In an attempt to indigenize the petroleum industry, the South Sudanese government enacted the Petroleum Act in 2012 with local content provisions. This paper from the Sudd Institute assesses the progress of the implementation of these local content provisions.

A Fractious Rebellion: Inside the SPLM-IO

Small Arms Survey, HSBA Working Paper, John Young

If the SPLM political elite and the SSDF generals do not develop means to not only co-exist but work together, the organization could collapse. This might be welcome news for the enemies of the SPLM-IO, but it would be messy, violent, make the conflict more difficult to resolve, probably be long lasting, give rise to demands for Nuer secession, make large areas of South Sudan ungovernable, and encourage even more regional meddling in the country, warns John Young in this HSBA Working Paper.

Untangling the Deal Breakers

The Sudd Institute, Nhial Tiitmamer

On 17 August, the SPLM in Opposition (SPLM-IO) and other stakeholders, including the SPLM Leaders (Former Detainees), civil society organizations, and faith-based groups, signed a South Sudanese Peace Agreement. However, the deal remains nonbinding until the government signs it.

Two Fronts, One War: Evolution of the Two Areas Conflict

Thos working paper from HSBA tracks the between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A-N) in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The conflict has now entered its fourth year,taking a horrendous toll on civilians.

South Sudan's Slide into Conflict

Chatham House, Africa Programme

South Sudan's return to violence in December 2013 poses questions about the quality of partnership between donors and fragile and conflict-affected states more broadly. The quality of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the thinness of donor appetite for risk combined to highlight the fatal flaws in the nascent South Sudan's foundations, writes Jeremy Astill-Brown in this report from Chatham House.

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

International Crisis Group, Africa Report No 228

Rather than distance itself from IGAD, the international community needs to support a realistic, regionally-centred strategy to end the war, underpinned by coordinated threats and inducements. Supporting IGAD-PLUS' efforts to get the parties' agreement on a final peace deal in the coming weeks is the best - if imperfect - chance to end the conflict and prevent further regionalisation, argues the International Crisis Group in this report.

The Nexus of Corruption and Conflict in South Sudan

The Sentry, Enough Project

South Sudan's elites have built a kleptocratic regime that controls all sectors of the economy, and have squandered a historic chance for the development of a functional state, argues this report from the Sentry. These predatory economic networks play a central role in the current civil war, because much of the conflict is driven by elites attempting to re-negotiate their share of the politico-economic power balance through violence.

"They Burned it All", Unity State South Sudan

Human Rights Watch,

In April and May of this year in central Unity, government forces, especially allied armed militia from the Bul Nuer ethnic group, killed, beat, and raped scores of civilians, burned homes and food stocks. The repeated attacks on civilians and the destruction of the homes and food they needed to survive caused systematic and widespread forced displacement.

Back to our communities in quest for federation in South Sudan

Cde Acuil Malith Banggol

For South Sudan the chance for unity in diversity was demonstrated during the liberation war and especially with Referendum results. We could unite. But what is the agenda around which to unite? Is it power sharing or looting sharing, asks Cde Acuil Malith Banggol.

Return of former political detainees into the leadership of SPLM

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

The return of former political detainees from Kenya to consult with the President of South Sudan, and their planned trip to Pagak in Upper Nile to meet with the leadership of the armed opposition, all with a view to settling the country's 18-month conflict, have spurred debates in the country, writes Jok Madut Jok.

Shifting the donor narrative in South Sudan

Clingendael's Conflict Research Unit (CRU), Hemmer & Grinstead

The crisis in South Sudan calls for a critical reflection on past and forthcoming aid practices in the country, and on the assumptions and ambitions that underpin them. On the whole, donor engagement in South Sudan has been based on a flawed situational framing, argues Jort Hemmer and Nick Grinstead in this policy brief.

Why did South Sudan blow up in December 2013?

Gerard Prunier

In this interetsing analysis of some of the historical and systemic roots of the current crisis in South Sudan, Gerard Prunier asks why South Sudan blew up in December 2013 and what is likely to happen as a result.

Investing in Human Capital: Putting our Money Behind Our Words

The Sudd Institute policy brief, Bol

This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities, suggesting increased health spending for improved health outcomes in South Sudan.

Oil and Sustainable Peace in South Sudan

South Sudan Law Society, Deng

The newly independence nation of South Sudan displays all the telltale signs of the resource curse. Unless urgent measures are put in place to ensure greater transparency and accountability over the use of oil revenue, the economic crisis facing South Sudan may ultimately inflict as much damage on the young nation as the war itself, writes David K. Deng.

Conflict in the Two Areas

Small Arms Survey, HSBA

This update provides a detailed fieldwork-based update on the beginning of the dry season military campaigns in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, the state of negotiations, and the growing alignment of the Sudan Revolutionary Front and the unarmed Sudanese political opposition.

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

Recent books in the Resource Centre:

Civil uprisings in modern Sudan - the 'Khartoum Springs' of 1964 and 1985 W.J. Berridge (2015)

Conflict in the Nuba Mountains - from genocide by attrition to the contemporary crisis in Sudan edited by Samuel Totten and Amanda F. Grzyb (2015)

Multidimensional change in Sudan (1989-2011) - reshaping livelihoods, conflicts and identities edited by Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul A.M. Assal and François Ireton (2015)

På livet løs - med Norsk Folkehjelp i Sør-Sudan Halle Jørn Hanssen ; med forord av Thorvald Stoltenberg og Pa'gan Amum (2015)

Sudan and South Sudan - from one to two Bona Malwal (2015)

Gum Arabic - a gift from the bush Abul Gasim Seif el Din (2015)

Sudan's killing fields - political violence and fragmentation edited by Laura Nyantung Beny and Sondra Hale (2015)

Water, civilisation and power in Sudan - the political economy of military-Islamist state building Harry Verhoeven (2015)

Past, present, and future - fifty years of anthropology in Sudan Munzoul A. M. Asal, Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2015)

Emerging orders in the Sudans editors, Sandra Calkins, Enrico Ille, Richard Rottenburg (2015)

More recent books in the Resource Centre

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