Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

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South Sudan-China Relations: A Reversed Courtship

Luka B. Deng Kuol

Given the enormous challenges facing Juba, South Sudan has to forge a new courtship in China. As part of its new diplomatic outreach, the Vice President will visit China towards the end of this month. As this visit has been cautiously arranged by Chinese Communist Party rather than by the Government of China, Juba will have an uphill task to be successful with its new courtship in China, writes Luka B. Deng Kuol.

Reconciliation in South Sudan

KOFF critical reflections, von Habsburg-Lothringen & Jones

Since mid-December 2013 South Sudan has been caught up in armed violence that has brought severe human rights violations, death, devastation and displacement. This paper sums up the reflections of the participants at the KOFF roundtable in March 2014.

Special Court for Serious Crimes

South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng

This paper from the South Sudan Law Society (SSLS) proposes the establishment of a hybrid court, called the Special Court for Serious Crimes (SCSC), to prosecute individuals responsible for grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law that have been committed in South Sudan since December 2013. Explicit provision for justice and accountability is necessary to deter acts of aggression by the negotiating parties, and to support the development of a sustainable peace.

Options for political accommodation in the republic of the Sudan

Conflict Dynamics International, Governance and Peacebuilding Series, briefing paper no. 7

The Republic of the Sudan is changing. The separation of the South, the coming of age of a new generation, and the political and economic transformations taking place are combining to recast the country's politics. This briefing from Conflict Dynamics International presents tools and frameworks of political accommodation and outlines a series of technical options.

Diplomacy: A Key to Ending the Worsening Crisis in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, policy brief, Awolich

Attempts to speedily find a sustainable resolution to the conflict in South Sudan have been largely unsuccessful. The US and the UN have largely failed to take a lead in ending the crisis and evasively deferred to IGAD. Now that the crisis has seemingly spiraled out of control, the US and the UN have finally given the crisis the diplomatic primacy it deserves, states this policy brief from the Sudd Institute.

Local Peace Processes in Sudan and South Sudan

United States Institute of Peace, Peaceworks, Wilson

Sudan and South Sudan have seen numerous local peacebuilding efforts in recent years, yet violence continues largely unabated. Using the Western Corridor as a case study, this report from the United States Institute of Peace outlines the importance of understanding and improving local peace processes through an architecture that begins with conflict analysis, entails a common vision, and focuses on achieving specific objectives

Grazing and conflict along the Sudan - South Sudan border

Small Arms Survey, Craze

Almost two years after South Sudan became Africa's newest nation-state, its border with Sudan is neither delimited nor demarcated. At issue for both states are oil reserves in the border region, but the region also holds some of the most fertile land in the two countries. The border region also contains crucial grazing areas for transhumant and pastoralist groups. The border region was the site of a series of clashes in the ?rst half of 2012.

Nowhere safe: Civilians under attack in South Sudan

Amnesty International

The conflict in South Sudan has devastated the lives of millions of people. In this report, Amnesty International claims that one of the most concerning aspects of the conflict is the way in which it has pitted ethnic communities-particularly Dinka and Nuer-against each other, rekindling historical rivalries.

Conflict in South Sudan: A Human Rights Report

United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)

The conflict in South Sudan has been devastating for the civilian population. This report from UNMISS states that there are reasonable grounds to believe that violations of international human rights and humanitarian law have been committed by both parties to the conflict. The findings impose an obligation on the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to investigate violations and to prosecute and punish those found to be responsible.

Scrutiny of South Sudan's Oil Industry

European Coalition on Oil in Sudan

In the current conflict in South Sudan, the fight for control over the oil fields and key towns in the petroleum-producing states has cost many lives and continues to inflict immense human suffering. When the conflict in South Sudan is brought to an end, the petroleum sector will form the backbone with which to build a viable state. This report provides guidance on specific social aspects on how to realise that objective.

Livelihoods, access to services and perceptions of governance

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Report No. 3

This report from SLRC points to security as a primary demand directed at the government by people in Uror and Nyirol counties in South Sudan. Security is described as the key condition for improved livelihoods and service delivery.

South Sudan: The peace that never was

Horn of Africa Bulletin 2, 2014, Rachel Gordon

Prior to mid-December 2013, South Sudan was thought by most observers to be a "post-conflict" country firmly on the (internationally mandated) statebuilding path. Since then, observers and South Sudanese alike have been surprised and horrified by the speed and severity of the disintegration of the nascent state. Yet, such a breakdown was not entirely unexpected.

The Release of South Sudan's Political Detainees and the Prospects for Peace

The Sudd Institute, Jok, Awolich & Tiitmamer

After several months in detention, the government of South Sudan has decided to stay the charges of treason that were brought against four prominent South Sudanese politicians in relation to the government's allegation that they had been part of a plot to overthrow the government of President Salva Kiir Mayardit. This brief provides the Sudd Institute's analysis on this issue.

Interim Report on South Sudan Internal Conflict

South Sudan Human Rights Commission (SSHRC)

The South Sudan Human Rights Commission has a wide constitutional mandate which includes the mandate to investigate and report on violations of human rights in the country. This is their report on the human rights situation in South Sudan following the fighting that erupted in Juba in December 2013.

South Sudan's Mining Policy and Resource Curse

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer

Most resource-rich developing countries suffer poverty, political instability, civil wars, corruption, low life expectancy, high illiteracy, and high infant and maternal mortality rates, conditions experts consider as resource curse. This policy brief analyzes the newly proposed South Sudanese mining sector policy using Botswana's mining policies as standard reference.

South Sudan, many pasts, no solutions?

Op-ed, von habsburg-Lothringen

'Now, the headlines seem to predict the trajectory of yet another failed state: committees investigating human rights abuses, demands for accountability, threat of sanctions, the call for justice, humanitarian appeals, accusations of international interference, trials against coup plotters. The war of words between yet another entrenched African government and donors. Was independence a mistake?' asks Ferdinand von Habsburg-Lothringen in this op-ed.

South Sudan's Violence: The Health Implications

The Sudd Institute, Mayai

This review from the Sudd Institute surveys the implications of current violence on health in South Sudan. It stresses that considerable emphasis needs to be placed upon Upper Nile region where the violence has been raging for the last few months. The situation of the internally displaced persons in Juba also requires a unique solution.

Threat of Sanctions against South Sudanese Leaders: What Implications?

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

The conflict in South Sudan has escalated into civil war. This review from the Sudd Institute weighs the impact of both the government's approach to the crisis and the current position taken by the Western countries.

South Sudan: A civil war by any other name

International Crisis Group, Africa report no 217

In December 2013, civil war broke out in South Sudan. Continuing figthing has displaced more than 1,000,000 and killed over 10,000. A humanitarian crisis threatens many more. Resolving the conflict requires not a quick fix but sustained domestic and international commitment. The country needs fundamental reworking of the governance agreement between and within elites and communities if a negotiated settlement is to lead to a sustainable peace.

Search for Lasting Peace: Ending South Sudan's Devastating Conflict

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

For over two months, the people of South Sudan have been experiencing a renewed and devastating conflict that has inflicted significant suffering. The International Crisis Group (ICG) estimates that 10,000 people have been killed and hundreds of thousands forced into refuge. In this policy brief, the Sudd Institute reviews, analyzes and recommends solutions to end the conflict and to prevent future outbreaks.

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

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