Small Arms Survey, HSBA Working Paper, John Young
If the SPLM political elite and the SSDF generals do not develop means to not only co-exist but work together, the organization could collapse. This might be welcome news for the enemies of the SPLM-IO, but it would be messy, violent, make the conflict more difficult to resolve, probably be long lasting, give rise to demands for Nuer secession, make large areas of South Sudan ungovernable, and encourage even more regional meddling in the country, warns John Young in this HSBA Working Paper.
The Sudd Institute, Nhial Tiitmamer
On 17 August, the SPLM in Opposition (SPLM-IO) and other stakeholders, including the SPLM Leaders (Former Detainees), civil society organizations, and faith-based groups, signed a South Sudanese Peace Agreement. However, the deal remains nonbinding until the government signs it.
Thos working paper from HSBA tracks the between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A-N) in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The conflict has now entered its fourth year,taking a horrendous toll on civilians.
Chatham House, Africa Programme
South Sudan's return to violence in December 2013 poses questions about the quality of partnership between donors and fragile and conflict-affected states more broadly. The quality of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the thinness of donor appetite for risk combined to highlight the fatal flaws in the nascent South Sudan's foundations, writes Jeremy Astill-Brown in this report from Chatham House.
International Crisis Group, Africa Report No 228
Rather than distance itself from IGAD, the international community needs to support a realistic, regionally-centred strategy to end the war, underpinned by coordinated threats and inducements. Supporting IGAD-PLUS' efforts to get the parties' agreement on a final peace deal in the coming weeks is the best - if imperfect - chance to end the conflict and prevent further regionalisation, argues the International Crisis Group in this report.
The Sentry, Enough Project
South Sudan's elites have built a kleptocratic regime that controls all sectors of the economy, and have squandered a historic chance for the development of a functional state, argues this report from the Sentry. These predatory economic networks play a central role in the current civil war, because much of the conflict is driven by elites attempting to re-negotiate their share of the politico-economic power balance through violence.
Human Rights Watch,
In April and May of this year in central Unity, government forces, especially allied armed militia from the Bul Nuer ethnic group, killed, beat, and raped scores of civilians, burned homes and food stocks. The repeated attacks on civilians and the destruction of the homes and food they needed to survive caused systematic and widespread forced displacement.
Cde Acuil Malith Banggol
For South Sudan the chance for unity in diversity was demonstrated during the liberation war and especially with Referendum results. We could unite. But what is the agenda around which to unite? Is it power sharing or looting sharing, asks Cde Acuil Malith Banggol.
The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok
The return of former political detainees from Kenya to consult with the President of South Sudan, and their planned trip to Pagak in Upper Nile to meet with the leadership of the armed opposition, all with a view to settling the country's 18-month conflict, have spurred debates in the country, writes Jok Madut Jok.
Clingendael's Conflict Research Unit (CRU), Hemmer & Grinstead
The crisis in South Sudan calls for a critical reflection on past and forthcoming aid practices in the country, and on the assumptions and ambitions that underpin them. On the whole, donor engagement in South Sudan has been based on a flawed situational framing, argues Jort Hemmer and Nick Grinstead in this policy brief.
In this interetsing analysis of some of the historical and systemic roots of the current crisis in South Sudan, Gerard Prunier asks why South Sudan blew up in December 2013 and what is likely to happen as a result.
The Sudd Institute policy brief, Bol
This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities, suggesting increased health spending for improved health outcomes in South Sudan.
South Sudan Law Society, Deng
The newly independence nation of South Sudan displays all the telltale signs of the resource curse. Unless urgent measures are put in place to ensure greater transparency and accountability over the use of oil revenue, the economic crisis facing South Sudan may ultimately inflict as much damage on the young nation as the war itself, writes David K. Deng.
Small Arms Survey, HSBA
This update provides a detailed fieldwork-based update on the beginning of the dry season military campaigns in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, the state of negotiations, and the growing alignment of the Sudan Revolutionary Front and the unarmed Sudanese political opposition.
The Sudd Institute policy brief, Juliana Bol
This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. It assesses planned government spending as a barometer of national priorities, focusing on the 2014-2015 fiscal year. The focus is on social accountability or justice. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities.
The Sudd Institute policy brief, Jok Madut Jok
South Sudan needs a robust and comprehensive program of communal reconciliation, a project that confronts head-on the history of violence, its drivers, issues of justice and accountability, all politically and financially supported by the state but not singularly driven by them, argues Jok Madut Jok in this policy brief from the Sudd Institute.
All Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan
The responsibility for South Sudan's current state of conflict must ultimately lie with the country's political leadership. Yet, this does not preclude the question of what the international community could have done differently following South Sudan's independence and what lessons can be drawn for future engagement, argues this report from the All Party Parliamentary Group for Sudan and South Sudan.
Small Arms Survey, HSBA
It is now thirteen months since the beginning of the South Sudanese conflict. Peace negotiations, which continued during the rainy season, have failed to overcome the substantial divergences between the two sides' positions.
Stimson Center and the Sudd Institute,
UNMISS will have to make tough choices about how to prioritize its scarce resources to protect people by preventing or mitigating deliberate violence against civilians. This report provides recommendations that could help UNMISS achieve its mandated objectives to protect some of the people most threatened by deliberate violence against civilians.
International Crisis Group, Africa Report No 223
Since December 2013, the divorce between Sudan and South Sudan has been followed by a new phase of civil war in South Sudan in which the now two countries' wars are increasingly merged.This report from International Crisis Group calls for more effective mediation, including greater IGAD outreach to armed groups and hardliners across South Sudan, better coordination with AU mediation in Sudan and more strategic and concerted U.S. and Chinese help to break the regional deadlock.
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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.
Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.
Civil uprisings in modern Sudan - the 'Khartoum Springs' of 1964 and 1985 W.J. Berridge (2015)
Conflict in the Nuba Mountains - from genocide by attrition to the contemporary crisis in Sudan edited by Samuel Totten and Amanda F. Grzyb (2015)
Multidimensional change in Sudan (1989-2011) - reshaping livelihoods, conflicts and identities edited by Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul A.M. Assal and François Ireton (2015)
På livet løs - med Norsk Folkehjelp i Sør-Sudan Halle Jørn Hanssen ; med forord av Thorvald Stoltenberg og Pa'gan Amum (2015)
Sudan and South Sudan - from one to two Bona Malwal (2015)
Gum Arabic - a gift from the bush Abul Gasim Seif el Din (2015)
Sudan's killing fields - political violence and fragmentation edited by Laura Nyantung Beny and Sondra Hale (2015)
Past, present, and future - fifty years of anthropology in Sudan Munzoul A. M. Asal, Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2015)
Emerging orders in the Sudans editors, Sandra Calkins, Enrico Ille, Richard Rottenburg (2015)