Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

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South Sudan: The Cost of War

Frontier Economics, Center for Conflict Resolution, Centre for Peace and Development Studies

The economic costs of the conflict in South Sudan are substantial, with a projected drop of 15% in South Sudan's GDP for 2014.This report from Frontier Economics, the Center for Conflict Resolution and the Centre for Peace and Development Studies looks forward from January 2015 to quantify the additional economic costs that would be incurred by South Sudan, other countries in the neighbouring region, and the wider international community, should the conflict continue.

Invisible Labour: The Political Economy of Reintegration in South Sudan

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 8:4, Jairo Munive

Current practice for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) in South Sudan centres on ex-combatants' reintegration through encouraging entrepreneurship and selfemployment and thereby their willingness to take risks and responsibility. This article by Jairo Munive argues that DDR interventions seldom capture the labour market experience of demobilized combatants. Self-employment is the solution to the process of reintegration, empowerment and ultimately a key to statebuilding.

Understanding the implications of the Pagak and Juba Peace Conferences

The Sudd Institute, Weekly Review, Augustino Ting Mayai

The IGAD's roadmap should be influenced by facts, not mere partisan politics as told by the warring parties themselves, argues Augustino Ting Mayai in this Weekly Review from the Sudd Institute. Based on policy analyses, the parties first need to engage in IGAD's facilitated dialogues, agree on what might be the causes of war, and then come up with an appropriate settlement model.

Embattled for Legitimacy: GoSS and the 2015 Elections

The Sudd Institute, Weekly Review, Augustino Ting Mayai

Peace is required for an inclusive, credible electoral process in South Sudan, argues Mayai in this Weekly review from the Sudd Institute. He calls for peace to be restored first, followed by radical reforms, and then political exercises as in the census and general elections

Inclusivity: A Challenge to the IGAD-Led South Sudanese Peace Process

The Sudd Institite Policy Brief, Zacharia D. Akol

For eleven months, the northeastern African regional bloc, the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), has been leading the world's response to the crisis in South Sudan. However, IGAD's efforts seem seriously challenged, as it has not been able to convince the belligerent parties to accept the inclusion of the other parties in the talks.

The political landscape of Sudan

PRIO lecture, Yasir Arman

- The Sudan question, which is in fact an African question, and indeed an international one too, especially in the context of developing countries and beyond, is the question of how to build modern states that embrace diversity, be it religious or ethno-cultural, and cater for social justice within a democratic framework, says Yasir Arman, SPLM/N Secretary General, SRF Secretary for External Affairs.

Republic of South Sudan, 2014 Article IV consultation

IMF Country Report No. 14/345

The International Monetary Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. This is the country report from the consultations with the Republic of South Sudan. It contains a staff report, an informational annex, a debt sustainability analysis, a staff statement and a press release.

Deconstructing the protocol on crisis resolution

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

This paper analyzes the 'Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution of the Crisis in South Sudan.' The Protocol was signed on 25 August 2014 by IGAD heads of states and governments as the basis for negotiating a mechanism to end the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan. Despite requiring an endorsement from all parties, only one party, the government, signed the Protocol. Why?

South Sudan's Experience At Peace Making

Bertrand Russell Peace Lecture, by Douglas H. Johnson

In this lecture Douglas H. Johnson outlines South Sudan's experience in peace making, looks at the legacy of war and the missed opportunities to deal with that legacy during the interim period prior to independence, analyses the contribution of the diaspora in promoting either conflict or peace, and suggests how the experience of South Sudanese might be harnessed towards creating a space for peace.

Life under Siege - South Kordofan Needs Assessment

Enough Project,

The conflict between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) has had a heavy cost on civilians living in South Kordofan. Security concerns are an increasing threat to the population, displacement is a major problem, food security is poor, education has been seriously impacted by the conflict, and health statistics are dramatic.

Findings of the Land Governance Assessment Framework

South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng

Land issues continue to arise as a source of instability in South Sudan. Although significant legislative reforms have been made since the end of the war in 2005, the laws remain largely unimplemented. Most land governance institutions operate according to procedures developed in the colonial era, and there is a wide divergence between law and practice.

Contested Borders: Continuing Tensions over the Sudan-South Sudan border

HSBA, Small Armes Survey, Joshua Craze

More than three years have passed since South Sudan seceded from Sudan, but there is still no agreement over the 2,010-km border that divides the two countries. The border remains militarized and trade disrupted, and the northern pastoralists who seasonally migrate into South Sudan are harassed.

Federalism in the history of South Sudanese political thought

Rift Valley Institute, Douglas H. Johnson

In this research paper, Douglas Johnson explains how the idea of federalism evolved in the colonial era as part of the southern search for political identity. His paper discusses attitudes towards federalism and the ways it was presented from before Sudan's independence in 1956, up to South Sudan's independence today.

Looking back to look ahead?

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell, Santschi & Gordon

This paper reviews large-scale humanitarian operations in South Sudan, focusing on what lessons can be learnt from Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS).

Spoils of War, Spoilers of Peace: Changing the Calculus of South Sudan's Deadly Conflict

Enough Project, Fleischner

South Sudan's civil war has its origins in a power struggle between factions aligned with President Salva Kiir and those who have joined former Vice President Riek Machar. Despite repeated pledges to put down their weapons, a negotiated settlement seems to be nowhere near. Unless the calculations of the leaders of the warring parties are altered, the war will continue and likely intensify.

Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan

UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin

This report from the UN Human Rights Council provides an appraisal of the human rights situation in the Sudan over the period October 2013 to July 2014. It provides an overview of the general human rights situation in the Sudan and outlines the major human rights challenges faced by the Government, describing the progress made in meeting these challenges.

Excessive and deadly: The use of force, detention and torture against protesters in Sudan

Amnesty International,

This report from Amnesty International examines allegations of human rights violations, including the excessive use of force to disperse protests, committed by the security services in Sudan during four protests that occurred between 2012 and 2014.

Truth and Dignity Commission

South Sudan Law Society, Deng

This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.

National dialogue in Sudan: experiences and challenges

Sudan Democracy First Group, El-Battahani

A number of broken peace agreements has driven Sudan into deep conflict, leading to the secession of South Sudan in 2011, and creating a crisis which still threatens the country with further violence and dismemberment. The country stands at a crossroads, and calls for change are coming from all quarters, even from inside the regime itself. Change seems to be the catchword for all actors, argues Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani.

From recovery and state building to a new humanitarian emergency

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, Maxwell & Santschi

This paper is intended as a brief reflection on the current situation in South Sudan. It outlines observations on the current situation, concludes with some reflections on the need for better information and analysis, and outlines a short-term research agenda.

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

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