Peacebuilding in Sudan: Micro- Macro Issues

240 results:

Scenarios for South Sudan in 2020

PAX and SIPRI

Although a peace agreement that includes important steps to build a stable and peaceful South Sudan was signed in 2015, the future of the country remains highly uncertain. The scenarios described in this report are intended to give a picture of how South Sudan might look in 2020, determined by three key uncertainties: peace/conflict, good governance/bad governance, and decentralisation/central governance.

We have lived too long to be deceived

Rift Valley Institute, Juba University Lectures

In December 2013, South Sudan descended into conflict. Peace initiatives over the following eighteen months culminated in an agreement between government and armed opposition, signed in August 2015. While the agreement came into effect in late 2015, many uncertainties surround its implementation. Do previous conflicts and agreements hold useful lessons?

The legacy of Kokora in South Sudan

SSLS, UPEACE Centre The Hague, Pax, Willems & Deng

This briefing paper presents the findings of a historical case study on Kokora, a word associated with the decentralization policy enacted in southern Sudan in 1983. The policy divided the semi-autonomous Southern Region in Sudan, into three smaller administrative regions.

The Role of Media in War and Peace in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute, Jok Madut Jok

Much of the commentary in the media and the news reporting in South Sudan tends to be partisan either supporting the government or the opposition. It also tends to take a regional or ethnic line. Consequently, such stances have negatively affected the objectivity of the reporting and weakened the media's role as a vital instrument for democracy, justice, and accountability, argues Jok Madut Jok in this policy brief from the Sudd Institute.

The South Sudanization of the Petroleum Industry Through Local Content

The Sudd Institute, Nhial Tiitmamer

In an attempt to indigenize the petroleum industry, the South Sudanese government enacted the Petroleum Act in 2012 with local content provisions. This paper from the Sudd Institute assesses the progress of the implementation of these local content provisions.

Untangling the Deal Breakers

The Sudd Institute, Nhial Tiitmamer

On 17 August, the SPLM in Opposition (SPLM-IO) and other stakeholders, including the SPLM Leaders (Former Detainees), civil society organizations, and faith-based groups, signed a South Sudanese Peace Agreement. However, the deal remains nonbinding until the government signs it.

Two Fronts, One War: Evolution of the Two Areas Conflict

Thos working paper from HSBA tracks the between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A-N) in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The conflict has now entered its fourth year,taking a horrendous toll on civilians.

"They Burned it All", Unity State South Sudan

Human Rights Watch,

In April and May of this year in central Unity, government forces, especially allied armed militia from the Bul Nuer ethnic group, killed, beat, and raped scores of civilians, burned homes and food stocks. The repeated attacks on civilians and the destruction of the homes and food they needed to survive caused systematic and widespread forced displacement.

Sudan Public Opinion Poll

The Sudan Consortium

This report includes the main results of the public opinion poll on the current election, 2015, in six out of Sudan's 18 states. The opinion poll reflects the general public's satisfaction with what the government of Sudan calls "the citizens' constitutional rights" to choose their president and parliamentary representatives.

Reforming government structures and politics (in Arabic)

Sudan Democracy First Group, Professor al-Tayib Zain al-Abdien Mohamed

Political parties do not exert enough efforts to boost the country in the economic, social and cultural areas with meaningful plans and programs, which would form the basis for the electoral competition and readiness for its implementation when they assume power, argues Professor al-Tayib Zain al-Abdien Mohamed. In this report, Sudan Democracy First Group introduces the idea of institutional reform in the key political, economic, legal and security organs of the State.

Reforming government structures and politics

Sudan Democracy First Group, Professor al-Tayib Zain al-Abdien Mohamed

Political parties do not exert enough efforts to boost the country in the economic, social and cultural areas with meaningful plans and programs, which would form the basis for the electoral competition and readiness for its implementation when they assume power, argues Professor al-Tayib Zain al-Abdien Mohamed. In this report, Sudan Democracy First Group introduces the idea of institutional reform in the key political, economic, legal and security organs of the State.

The Many Faces of al-Bashir

Enough Project, Omer Ismail

Recent shifts in the politics of the Persian Gulf could benefit the ruling coterie in economically isolated and politically ostracized Sudan. These shifts dramatically alter Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir's view of his opportunities.

Investing in Human Capital: Putting our Money Behind Our Words

The Sudd Institute policy brief, Bol

This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities, suggesting increased health spending for improved health outcomes in South Sudan.

Investing in Human Capital: Putting our Money Behind Our Words

The Sudd Institute policy brief, Juliana Bol

This analysis illustrates the Government of South Sudan's (GoSS) investment in basic services, especially health. It assesses planned government spending as a barometer of national priorities, focusing on the 2014-2015 fiscal year. The focus is on social accountability or justice. The main findings from budget appraisals indicate limited investments in health per preplanned priorities.

Towards sustainable peace in Jonglei state

Conflict Dynamics International, discussion paper

The research project "Building the House of Governance: Towards sustainable peace in Jonglei State" captured ideas on how governance reforms could help build peace by engaging constituencies in discussions. This report presents findings and analysis of their perceptions of governance and conflict.

Deconstructing the protocol on crisis resolution

The Sudd Institute, Tiitmamer & Awolich

This paper analyzes the 'Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution of the Crisis in South Sudan.' The Protocol was signed on 25 August 2014 by IGAD heads of states and governments as the basis for negotiating a mechanism to end the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan. Despite requiring an endorsement from all parties, only one party, the government, signed the Protocol. Why?

Findings of the Land Governance Assessment Framework

South Sudan Law Society, David K. Deng

Land issues continue to arise as a source of instability in South Sudan. Although significant legislative reforms have been made since the end of the war in 2005, the laws remain largely unimplemented. Most land governance institutions operate according to procedures developed in the colonial era, and there is a wide divergence between law and practice.

Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan

UN Human Rights Council, Mashood A. Baderin

This report from the UN Human Rights Council provides an appraisal of the human rights situation in the Sudan over the period October 2013 to July 2014. It provides an overview of the general human rights situation in the Sudan and outlines the major human rights challenges faced by the Government, describing the progress made in meeting these challenges.

Truth and Dignity Commission

South Sudan Law Society, Deng

This paper from the South Sudan Law Society proposes the establishment of a truth commission to investigate and report on patterns of human rights abuses in South Sudan from 1972 to the present.

From Liberation Movement to Government

The Brenthurst Foundation, Clapham

Independence struggles often promote the formation of an effective movement in opposition that should provide the basis for a viable government once victory is achieved. Nowhere in Africa, however, has a liberation movement transformed itself seamlessly into a national government.

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Allahu Akbar: A Friday in Khartoum
I am sipping to my coffee as I am listening to the local imam through the loudspeaker as he addresses his congregation inside the mosque.

Ikke mer fred å få
Ingen viktige fredsavtaler er inngått i verden de siste åtte årene. De fleste «intern-konflikter» er ikke det de gir seg ut for å være. De er deler av internasjonale konfliktsystemer der eksterne aktører spiller helt sentrale roller, skriver Gunnar M. Sørbø i en utenriksanalyse i Morgenbladet.

Recent books in the Resource Centre:

Civil uprisings in modern Sudan - the 'Khartoum Springs' of 1964 and 1985 W.J. Berridge (2015)

Conflict in the Nuba Mountains - from genocide by attrition to the contemporary crisis in Sudan edited by Samuel Totten and Amanda F. Grzyb (2015)

Multidimensional change in Sudan (1989-2011) - reshaping livelihoods, conflicts and identities edited by Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul A.M. Assal and François Ireton (2015)

Gum Arabic - a gift from the bush Abul Gasim Seif el Din (2015)

Sudan's killing fields - political violence and fragmentation edited by Laura Nyantung Beny and Sondra Hale (2015)

Water, civilisation and power in Sudan - the political economy of military-Islamist state building Harry Verhoeven (2015)

På livet løs - med Norsk Folkehjelp i Sør-Sudan Halle Jørn Hanssen ; med forord av Thorvald Stoltenberg og Pa'gan Amum (2015)

Sudan and South Sudan - from one to two Bona Malwal (2015)

Past, present, and future - fifty years of anthropology in Sudan Munzoul A. M. Asal, Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2015)

Emerging orders in the Sudans editors, Sandra Calkins, Enrico Ille, Richard Rottenburg (2015)

More recent books in the Resource Centre

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