The example of El Salvador is notorious: on average, more persons died a violent death in the first four years of peace than during the civil war itself. The project asks how widespread such post-war violence is, what forms it takes, and which conditions and strategies are likely to reduce it. The project has three main aims:


  • establish a typological understanding of post-war violence;
  • explore "warlordism" as a constructed socio-political category, with a focus on Afghanistan and Lebanon
  • analyse institutional and incentive structures designed to reduce post-war violence with a focus on Sudan , Angola and DRCongo.


The project entails collaboration between scholars from CMI, London School of Economics, Kings College (London) and PRIO.


The project is part of CMI's program for Peacebuilding. CMI team leader is Astri Suhrke.