Revenue mobilization at sub-national levels in Sudan
Sudan has undertaken decentralization reforms since the early 1990s, in a federal government system with three tiers: federal, state, and local government levels. Fiscal decentralization was fueled by a decade-long oil boom. With the secession of the South in July 2011, Sudan suffers from large oil revenue losses and significant economic instability. Own revenue mobilization at sub-national levels is low. Inadequate and unevenly distributed own-revenues at both state and local government levels and unpredictable levels of transfers from the federal government pose serious obstacles to implement the policy of fiscal decentralization. The purpose of this project is to assess how the current sub-national revenue system in Sudan can be better designed and managed to thereby strengthen the states’ and local governments’ own resource mobilization. The analysis focuses on the composition of sub-national revenues, administrative practices, and possible impacts of the current system on economic activities. Experiences from other African countries that have suffered similar challenges in the past are also assessed. On this basis the study provides recommendations on how to improve sub-national revenue collection without jeopardizing economic activities and private sector development. The study is conducted in close collaboration with the World Bank’s public expenditure review team and provides inputs to the report State-level Public Expenditure Review: Meeting the Challenges of Poverty Reduction and Basic Service Delivery.
Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar
Girls, Child Marriage, and Education in Red Sea State, Sudan: Perspectives on Girls’ Freedom to Choose
Samia El Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar, Liv Tønnessen
Compensatory Livestock Thievery: A New Trend in Economic Crime In Dilling/South Kordofan State (2014–2016)
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Mohammed Elhassab
Governance and Fiscal Federalism in Sudan, 1989–2015: Exploring Political and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in an Unstable Polity
Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani, Hassan Ali Gadkarim
Non-resource taxation in a resource rich setting: A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania
Local Content in Tanzania’s Gas and Minerals Sectors: Who regulates?
Jesse Salah Ovadia
Taxing the urban boom in Tanzania: Central versus local government property tax collection
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Lucas Katera
Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera
Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania.