Corruption is a severe threat to wildlife conservation globally. While conservation practitioner anecdotes and existing empirical research all point to corruption as a main facilitator enabling wildlife crime, there is still limited knowledge about what can change this situation and help reverse the pernicious impact of corruption on conservation outcomes in practice. As part of a wider project by TRAFFIC in collaboration with WWF to understand global caviar markets and identify hotspots for illegal trade, the anti-corruption component of this project is to understand how corruption may be facilitating and affecting illegal caviar trade along the product chain.