The overall aim of this four year research programme is to document processes of change and impacts of the Local Government Reform Programme (LGRP) in Tanzania, and to provide key stakeholders with operationally relevant data and analyses of lessons learned during implementation. The research is designed in close consultation with the Local Government Reform Team, main donors and other key stakeholders. Although the research programme collaborates with the established monitoring and evaluation set-up of LGRP, it is organised independently. The research programme is managed by the Research on Poverty Alleviation, and involves researchers from Tanzania (REPOA and UDSM) and Norway (Chr. Michelsen Institute and the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research).