How prepared are we to assess real implementation of anti corruption conventions? Lessons from the Americas
French version: Comment évaluer la mise en oeuvre réelle des conventions de lutte contre la corruption: Leçons du continent Américain
Spanish version: Cuán preparados estamos para evaluar la real implementación de las convenciones anticorrupción? Lecciones desde las Américas
The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the latest achievement in a series of international anti corruption treaties. All of them share a common challenge – how to meaningfully assess their implementation. In fact, for UNCAC a mechanism to review implementation has yet to be agreed upon. This U4 Issue Paper explores lessons learned from the anti corruption convention that has been in existence longest – the Inter American Convention against Corruption (IACAC) – which gives useful insights into the requirements for an effective review process. In the Americas, as elsewhere, there is often a gap between formal (legal) aspects of reform and the reality of implementation. This paper analyses the IACAC review mechanism and identifies strengths and weaknesses in generating legal and performance related information about the implementation of the convention. Special emphasis is given to the development of an indicator map to assess some key areas of IACAC implementation in Guatemala. The paper argues that strengthening national information systems and information management capacities can generate more objective knowledge about the progress of anti corruption reforms. Performance indicators, in particular, are necessary for meaningful assessments of, and debates about, the status of a convention’s implementation within a particular country.
It is the purpose of this Issue Paper to make these lessons learned available to the States Parties to UNCAC in their current discussions on a possible review mechanism for UNCAC. However, this experience can also be useful to the different national actors in each country, as well as to donors in guiding their commitment to provide technical assistance for the implementation and follow up of the UNCAC.
See the theme pages on the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.
The role of civil society in the UNCAC review process: Moving beyond compliance?
Marijana Trivunovic, Nils Taxell, Jesper Johnsøn, Rita de Cássia Biason
Is mutual accountability feasible? A conceptual discussion with policy implications
Hannes Hechler, Arne Tostensen
Can UNCAC address grand corruption?
Hannes Hechler, Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Lucy Koechlin, Dominic Morris
La CNUCC en bref: Guide pratique sur la Convention des Nations Unies contre la corruption à l'intention des membres du corps diplomatique et des organismes donateurs
Integrity based approaches: combining rewards and sanctions works best
Guillaume Nicaise, David Jackson, Matthew Jenkins
U4 Director: “How I think when I talk about anti-corruption: porridge and berries, priors and biases”
Peter J. Evans