UN support for peacebuilding: Nepal as the exceptional case
In the annals of UN peace operations, the mission in Nepal (UNMIN) appears as an exceptional case. Most peace support operations today are multidimensional – covering the security sector, political transition, relief and economic recovery, statebuilding, and transitional justice – and target the underlying causes of conflict as well. Peacebuilding means ensuring that "exclusionary social, economic and political structures … [are not] left untouched, perpetuated or strengthened," UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan declared when he inaugurated the UN Peacebuilding Commission in 2006. The language seemed tailor-made for Nepal, where the UN established a peace mission after the end of a ten-year civil war. Yet the UN operation to help consolidate peace in Nepal was a ‘focused mission of short duration’, a minimalist operation with a razor-thin mandate.
This paper explores why this was so, and what were the consequences for peacebuilding.
Was a limited UN mission appropriate to the challenges of peacebuilding, or was the mission unduly restricted? Did a high degree of Nepali ‘national ownership’ consolidate or complicate the peace process?
The paper was prepared for the project "Social Exclusion, Democratic Inclusion and the Insurgency in Nepal," supported by The Social Inclusion Research Fund, which is funded by the Embassy of Norway, Nepal. Research for the paper was concluded in May 2009.
Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy
International Political Science Review
Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions
Phil Mason OBE
UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption
Aili Mari Tripp
Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings
Incubating change-makers. Youth-driven innovative approaches to accountability in Nepal
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard
Social accountability and water integrity: Learning from experiences with participatory and transparent budgeting in Ethiopia and Nepal
Birke Otto, Floriane Clement, Binayak Das, Hari Dhungana, Lotte Feuerstein, Girma Senbeta, Jasmina Van Driel
Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study
Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
The Helpers and the Helped: Troubling Ideas of Human Worth in Humanitarianism