CMI Insight | 2014
Roots of fragmentation: The army and regime survival in Syria
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2) 4 p.
The Syrian army did not turn on the regime in the face of popular protests, contrary to its Egyptian and Tunisian counterparts. Yet, the Syrian army lost its ability to keep the country together. This CMI Insight focuses on the Syrian army’s co-optive political function. Drawing on interviews with defected military officers, it provides a window to observe how the Assad regime has used the army to maintain stability in Syria. The interviews also help us understand the root causes of the nation’s fragmentation.
Control over the repressive apparatus is the sine qua non of regime survival. Yet, the military’s ability to maintain stability goes beyond the prevention of the occurrence of coups. This CMI Insight argues that the Syrian army has mattered for stability in ways that has gone beyond the enforcement of repression, serving as a balancing instrument and a privilege distribution tool.
Edited Book | Feb 2023
CONTINENTAL ENCAMPMENT: Genealogies of Humanitarian Containment in the Middle East and Europe
Are John Knudsen & Kjersti G. Berg (Eds.)
Book Chapter | 2022
Divine Intervention: Invoking God in Peace Agreements
Robert Forster; Christine Bell
Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Peace
CMI Insight | 2022
Syrian Refugees in Istanbul and Gaziantep: Comparative Findings on Settlement, Livelihood and Support
Ahmet Içduygu, Souad Osseiran
CMI Report | 2021
Urban Displacement in Lebanon: Syrians in Tripoli
Robert Forster, Abdalkarim Fares Abdalkader
Report in External Series | Mar 2023
Is there legal pluralism in Afghanistan? Notes on injustice and access to justice
Antonio De Lauri