Retribalisation of the Educated Elite in Darfur and the Phenomenon of Tribal Shura Councils; with a Special Reference to the Fur Shura Council
This paper documents the formation and development of the Fur Shura council as an example of a new form of urban based voluntary ethnic associations. It attempts to analyze the new phenomenon against the backdrop of staggering processes of state building in Sudan. The paper concludes that in the context of political competition for the resources of the state the educated elite from marginalised areas such as Darfur found themselves entangled in the process of investing on ethnic identification for reasons of political expediency. On the other hand non-democratic regimes found a better chance to outwit opposition forces by adopting the old colonial tactic of “divide-and-rule” by encouraging the retribalisation of educated elite in the peripheral regions.
The New Lost Boys of Sudan
POMEPS Studies : Youth Politics in the Middle East and North Africa.
Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig
European Journal of Political Research
Colonial legacy, state building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Boqian Jiang and Abdulaziz Shifa
The Economic Journal
Ethnically Biased? Experimental Evidence from Kenya
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Simon Galle, Edward Miguel, Daniel N. Posner, Bertil Tungodden, Kelly Zhang
Journal of the European Economic Association
A critical look at civil society and peace building in Sudan (in arabic)
Bulletin of Sudanese Studies