Resource discoveries often result in expectations of rapid growth, but also major concerns for increasing corruption. The resource curse literature puts a strong emphasis on the need to build capable and robust institutions in anticipation of resource windfalls; an emphasis that has received much policy attention in the cases of Africa's new oil producers such as Chad and Ghana. In the context of Tanzania's recent offshore gas field discoveries, this study demonstrates that uncoordinated public policy and a lack of regulation on lobbyism are important challenges for petroleum governance. The Tanzanian Government failed to reach a unified, coordinated policy position and bureaucratic competition was rife. Citizens in general felt bypassed in the process of developing the new petroleum laws, while local businesses and the local chapter of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) came out ahead in the “lobbying game.” Interestingly, multinational companies did not actively lobby at the legislative level, but exerted influence via their technical expertise within the government administration. Existing literature on the resource curse has so far not examined how policy coordination and lobbyism matter for petroleum governance. The authors argue that existing models for analysing the behaviour of interest groups need modifications to explain how lobbyism works in a country like Tanzania.
Corruption, natural resources and development: From resource curse to political ecology
Williams, David Aled, Philippe Le Billon (Eds.)
Also in this volume:
- Corruption and elite capture of mining community development funds in Ghana and Sierra Leone
- Nigeria: Defying the resource curse
- Strengthening institutions against corruption? Biofuel deals in Ghana
Williams, David Aled, Festus Boamah
Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth
Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon
Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot
Mozambique: A political economy analysis
Aslak Jangård Orre,Helge Rønning
Local Content in Tanzania’s Gas and Minerals Sectors: Who regulates?
Jesse Salah Ovadia
Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera
Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania.
Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation?
Abel Kinyondo and Espen Villanger
The Extractive Industries and Society
Policy Making in the Tanzanian Petro State: Building a Statistical Basis
Jan Isaksen, Blandina Kilama, Fred Matola
Should developing countries establish petroleum funds?
The Energy Journal
Compensatory Livestock Thievery: A New Trend in Economic Crime In Dilling/South Kordofan State (2014–2016)
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Mohammed Elhassab