The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): A united army for a divided country?
Multi-confessional armies are often seen as being weak and prone to disintegration. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) is a case in point. From its inception it was formed as a multi-confessional force meant to serve as a neutral political arbiter, but it experienced civil war fragmentation and dissolution (1975–1990). Post-war restructuring and reform rebuilt the force, but the threat of disintegration along confessional lines has remained. However, the LAF is consistently ranked as the country’s most trusted public institution, its last resort amidst repeated government collapse and state failure. The LAF strives to embody a national ideal: a united force, raised above sectarianism. Even so, the Syrian civil war has strained the LAF’s cohesion and threatens its neutrality – its most valued assets in a deeply divided society.
Civil-military relations in Lebanon: Conflict, cohesion and confessionalism in a divided society
Knudsen, Are John and Tine Gade
Also in this volume:
Building Back Better: The Politicisation of Disaster and Displacement Response Architecture in Lebanon
Environmental justice for refugees in host countries: How Syrian refugees are disproportionately harmed by air and water pollution in Lebanon
John Hasan Yildiz
Divine Intervention: Invoking God in Peace Agreements
Robert Forster; Christine Bell
Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Peace
Urban Displacement in Lebanon: Syrians in Tripoli
Robert Forster, Abdalkarim Fares Abdalkader
The Humanitarian Theater in the Mediterranean and the Threat of Violence in the Balkans
De Lauri, Antonio and Brkovic, Carna
Journal of Borderlands Studies
Økt antall massedrukninger i Middelhavet – hvorfor sørger vi ikke?
From asylum seekers to kin: The making and effects of kinship between Norwegian citizens and migrants
Heidi Mogstad, Thea Rabe
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies