The Shatila refugee camp was established in 1949 for Palestinian refugees
fleeing Palestine during the Nakba. The camp is located in Beirut next to the
Sabra neighbourhood (of the Gaza buildings discussed in the foregoing article).
Shatila was severely devastated during the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon,
and repeatedly targeted during the Lebanese civil war. On 16 -18 September
1982, between 700 and 3500 residents were massacred in the camp and the
Sabra neighborhood – predominantly Palestinian residents.