This (open access) article analyses political and religious mobilisation in Sidon and Tripoli, both secondary cities struggling amidst deep social divisions, elite competition, and armed conflict during the contentious decade following the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri (2005–15). A central element in the sectarian and Islamic resurgence was discontent with the political and social decline of the Sunnis. The Syrian revolt magnified Sunni-Shia tensions and shifted the locus of contentious politics from the capital Beirut to secondary cities such as Tripoli and Sidon. In both cities, communal tensions spurred confrontations with the Army that were followed by closely contested municipal elections. By examining the urban ecologies of resistance, the article contributes to an understanding of how urban inequality, competitive clientelism, and Islamist (social) movements are intertwined and can explain why the political pathways and electoral outcomes differed and the implications for the understanding of religious-influenced politics. The city-level analysis testifies to the importance of contextual urban traits and political actors’ agency in influencing the popular support for state-oriented social movements and sectarian parties and as determinants of their electoral fortunes.
CONTINENTAL ENCAMPMENT: Genealogies of Humanitarian Containment in the Middle East and Europe
Are John Knudsen & Kjersti G. Berg (Eds.)
Building Back Better: The Politicisation of Disaster and Displacement Response Architecture in Lebanon
Environmental justice for refugees in host countries: How Syrian refugees are disproportionately harmed by air and water pollution in Lebanon
John Hasan Yildiz
Divine Intervention: Invoking God in Peace Agreements
Robert Forster; Christine Bell
Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Peace
WAR IN SUDAN 15 APRIL 2023: BACKGROUND, ANALYSIS AND SCENARIOS
The Humanitarian Theater in the Mediterranean and the Threat of Violence in the Balkans
De Lauri, Antonio and Brkovic, Carna
Journal of Borderlands Studies
Økt antall massedrukninger i Middelhavet – hvorfor sørger vi ikke?