As part of the World Bank's ongoing work on 'Assessing Aid', the Aid and Reform project was launched in December 1998. The project focuses on the causes of aid and how aid has encouraged, generated, supported or retarded reforms. Ten country case studies from sub-Saharan Africa were commissioned. Lise Rakner was the main writer of the Zambia country study with contributions from Nicolas van de Walle and Dominic Mulaisho. The assignment included a workshop jointly organised with the German aid agency GTZ in Frankfurt. The Aid and Reform project was completed in September 1999 and presented at the World Bank Annual Meeting. In 2001 it was published as Devajaran, S,; D. Dollar and T. Holmgren (eds.): Aid and Reform in Africa. World Bank, Washinton DC.