Evidence from a number of quantitative studies on poverty in Namibia suggests that poverty is widespread, albeit unevenly distributed. The relatively high GDP per capita conceals wide income differentials by geographical location, occupation, age and gender. This study addresses urban poverty and the importance of social relations and networks ('social capital') in the coping strategies of the poor - a phenomenon which has received little attention in poverty research. On the basis of case studies of four shantytowns in Oshakati and two rural villages with extensive links to urban areas, it is argued that the poorest sections of the urban shantytowns are systematically marginalised and excluded from political, economic and social processes. Horizontal transfers and social capital play a role in spreading risk and reducing vulnerability - though more so for the somewhat better off than for the poorest in a setting where social relations increasingly have to be filled with material content to be sustainable. People apparently trapped in poverty and vulnerability are those for whom the shantytown encapsulates their universe both in socio-economic and cultural terms. While interventions with a view to developing social capital in the form of networks, associations, etc. are helpful, any serious attempt to reduce urban poverty in Namibia requires vertical transfers through an active public policy commitment by the government. The study has been conducted under the Agreement of Co-operation between the Social Sciences Division of the University of Namibia (SSD/UNAM), the Namibia Economic Policy Research Unit (NEPRU) and the Chr. Michelsen Institute.
The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, M.B.B.S., M.Sc. a,*, B. Jane Ferguson, M.S.W., M.S.C. b,
Journal of Adolescent Health
Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu
Global Health Action
The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville
The Limits of Law: Abortion in the Middle East and Northern Africa
Irene Maffi and Liv Tønnessen
Health and Human Rights Journal
The New Lost Boys of Sudan
POMEPS Studies : Youth Politics in the Middle East and North Africa.